Electron Accelerators and Applications
Industrial and medical accelerators
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MOPO053
Development of a Linear Electron Accelerator-based Neutron Source for Analysis of Structural Materials  
MOOP10   use link to see paper's listing under its alternate paper code  
 
  • B.E. O’Rourke, T. Fujiwara, K. Kino, R. Kuroda, K. Michishio, H. Ogawa, N. Oshima, D. Sato, N. Sei, R. Suzuki, M. Tanaka, H. Toyokawa, A. Watazu
    AIST, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
  • N. Hayashizaki
    RLNR, Tokyo, Japan
  • T. Muroga, T. Shishido
    ISMA, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  Funding: This paper is based on results obtained from Innovative Structural Materials R&D Project commissioned by the New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization(NEDO).
Neutrons are a powerful probe of structural materials due to their high penetration. As part of the Innovative Structural Materials R&D project funded by the New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO), the Innovative Structural Materials Association (ISMA) is developing a dedicated, compact electron-accelerator based neutron source at the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) in Tsukuba, Japan, for the characterization of structural materials. The accelerator is designed to have a maximum electron beam power of 10 kW (~36 MeV and ~275 mA), which will be incident on a water-cooled Ta target. The electron beam will have a maximum pulse length of around 10 μs at a repetition rate of 100 Hz. Neutrons produced through photo-nuclear reactions will be cooled by a decoupled solid methane moderator. Using this pulsed, low-energy neutron beam we plan to perform various imaging spectroscopies of structural materials including Bragg-edge imaging. In this contribution we will describe the dedicated neutron source in more detail, with particular emphasis on the electron accelerator.
 
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MOPO058 Industrial Electron Linear Accelerator R&D in CIAE 124
 
  • J.H. Yang, Y. Yang, G. Yu, Z.Q. Zeng
    CIAE, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
  • Z.B. Zhu
    China Institute of Atomic Energy, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  Electron linear accelerator(E-LINAC)is a vital accelerator type for accelerator applications, which widely applied in industry, agriculture and medical industry. The paper introduces R&D of industrial E-LINAC in China Institute of Atomic Energy (CIAE) , including electron gun, modulator, accelerating tube, assembling and testing. Based on these R&D results, the GT series for non-destructive testing(NDT) and FZ series for irradiation processing are developed successfully. At present these E-LINACs play important roles in pressure vessel inspection, food preservation, sterilization and material modification, promoting the E-LINACs application as well as economic development in China.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO058  
About • paper received ※ 11 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO059 Choke-Type Resonator for a Compact Storage Ring 126
 
  • L. Ovchinnikova, V.I. Shvedunov
    SINP MSU, Moscow, Russia
  • L. Ovchinnikova, V.I. Shvedunov
    LEA MSU, Moscow, Russia
  • A. Ryabov
    IHEP, Moscow Region, Russia
 
  We present the results of calculations and measurements the electrodynamic characteristics of the operating and high order modes of a choke-type resonator, intended for a 35-50 MeV storage ring, which is part of the Thomson X-ray generator.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO059  
About • paper received ※ 09 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO060 Linacs for Industry, Cargo Inspection and Medicine Designed by Moscow University 130
 
  • A.N. Ermakov, A.S. Alimov, A.N. Kamanin, V.V. Khankin, L. Ovchinnikova, N.I. Pakhomov, N.V. Shvedunov, V.I. Shvedunov, D.S. Yurov
    SINP MSU, Moscow, Russia
  • A.S. Alimov, A.N. Ermakov, V.V. Khankin, L. Ovchinnikova, N.I. Pakhomov, N.V. Shvedunov, V.I. Shvedunov, A.S. Simonov
    LEA MSU, Moscow, Russia
  • I.V. Shvedunov
    Federal State Unitary Enterprise, Laboratory of Electron Accelerators MSU, Ltd, Moscow, Russia
 
  Funding: Work supported in part by Ministry of Education and Science of Russia Grant # RFMEFI58217X0011
The report presents the results of development of applied linear electron accelerators with an energy of up to 10 MeV, performed by the Laboratory of Electron Accelerators MSU. We describe linear accelerators for mobile, stationary and train cargo inspection systems with interlaced energies and pulse repetition rate up to 2 kHz, accelerators for radiography, a sterilization accelerator with beam parameters that are adjustable over a wide range, and an accelerator for a radiotherapy complex.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO060  
About • paper received ※ 10 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO061 Beam Parameters Measurement of C-band 6 MeV Linear Electron Accelerator 133
 
  • D.S. Yurov, A.S. Alimov, A.N. Ermakov, V.V. Khankin, N.V. Shvedunov, V.I. Shvedunov
    SINP MSU, Moscow, Russia
  • L. Ovchinnikova
    Laboratory of Electron Accelerators MSU, Ltd, Physics Department, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
  • A.S. Simonov
    LEA MSU, Moscow, Russia
 
  The new linear electron accelerator with beam energy varied in the range of 2-6 MeV with dual-energy option has been designed by Laboratory of Electron Accelerators MSU Ltd. Linac is based on compact high gradient stand-ing wave C-band accelerating structure fed by multi-beam klystron and is used in the cargo inspection and cancer therapy complexes. In the report, we present the results of electron beam parameters measurements at special stand.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO061  
About • paper received ※ 10 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO062 Linear Electron Accelerator for Radiation Technologies with Beam Parameters Varied in a Wide Range 136
 
  • V.V. Khankin, A.S. Alimov, A.N. Ermakov, A.N. Kamanin, A. Kurilik, N.I. Pakhomov, N.V. Shvedunov, V.I. Shvedunov, D.S. Yurov
    SINP MSU, Moscow, Russia
  • A. Kurilik
    LEA MSU, Moscow, Russia
  • I.V. Shvedunov, A.S. Simonov
    Federal State Unitary Enterprise, Laboratory of Electron Accelerators MSU, Ltd, Moscow, Russia
 
  We present the overview and beam parameters measurements results as well as the operational experience with the S-band pulsed linear electron accelerator with beam energy in the range of 5-10 MeV and maximum beam power of up to 15 kW. The possibility of adjusting the beam parameters in a wide range, provided by the design and control system of the accelerator, allows to use the accelerator in a wide variety of radiation technologies.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO062  
About • paper received ※ 07 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO063 Development of Side-coupled X-band Medical Linear Accelerator for Radiotherapy 139
 
  • Y.S. Lee, Y.W. Choi, G.J. Kim, I.S. Kim, J.I. Kim, S. Kim, J.H. Lee
    KERI, Changwon, Republic of Korea
  • J.H. Hwang, Y.N. Kang, A.R. Kim, J.N. Kim, T.G. Oh, Y.A. Oh, Y. J. Seol, J.S. Shin
    The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea
 
  Recently, LINAC-based radiotherapy equipment are being developed by combining with imaging devices such as CT or MRI, so that it is possible to precisely focus high dose radiation on tumor tissues while minimizing the normal tissue damage. In order to place the diagnostic and treatment devices simultaneously in a confined space, constraints related to interference and volume between the subsystems must be considered. To meet these requirements, the size and weight of the LINAC system need to be reduced, which can be achieved by applying X-band technology. For the purpose of use in IMRT based on image guided radiotherapy, we developed a 9.3 GHz X-band medical LINAC using side-coupled structure. The LINAC is designed to have the accelerating field strength of 16.8 MV/m, and the beam current transmission efficiency of 26 % at the end of accelerating cell when the supplied RF power is at 1.7 MW. Therefore, it can accelerate the electron beam up to 6.2 MeV with having about 90 mA beam current. We plan to carry out the performance test using beam diagnostics system and X-ray measurement system, and the details of design and experimental results of LINAC will be described in this paper.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO063  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO064 O-Arm Mounted X-Band Linear Accelerator System for Radiotherapy 142
 
  • S. Kim, Y.W. Choi, G.J. Kim, I.S. Kim, J.I. Kim, J.H. Lee, Y.S. Lee
    KERI, Changwon, Republic of Korea
  • J.H. Hwang, Y.N. Kang, A.R. Kim, J.N. Kim, T.G. Oh, Y.A. Oh, Y. J. Seol, J.S. Shin
    The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea
 
  Current advances in radiotherapy are based on the precise imaging techniques, and there is a pressing need for the development of techniques that are capable of visualizing cancer tissues in real time in conjunction with radiotherapy. Indeed, the image-guided radiotherapy systems in which conventional diagnostic tools such as CT and MRI are combined with the linear accelerator (LINAC)-based radiotherapy have been extensively studied. In this work, we mounted 9.3GHz X-band LINAC designed by KERI on the 360 degree-rotatable O-arm system, which allows efficient integration of a diagnostic tool with a radiotherapy equipment. After mounting, the X-ray profile and percentage depth dose were measured by following the quality assurance using the AAPM TG-51,142 protocol. The beam profile symmetry was estimated to be 102.4% with ±3% tolerance. The X-ray dose was also measured by rotating the O-arm to confirm the stability of the mounted X-band LINAC. As a result, the standard deviation of the X-ray dose was shown to be 0.016 while rotating. Therefore, we demonstrate the feasibility of our O-arm X-band LINAC system for use in highly effective radiotherapy with simultaneous CT image guidance.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO064  
About • paper received ※ 11 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO066 Simulation of the Transitional Process in Accelerating Sections by Equivalent Circuit Method 145
 
  • S.V. Matsievskiy, V.I. Kaminskiy, Ya.V. Shashkov
    MEPhI, Moscow, Russia
 
  Nowadays linac accelerating RF systems design is usually done by the finite difference method. It provides high accuracy of calculations and freedom in topology choosing, but may draw considerable amounts of computer resources with long calculation times. Alternative to this method, equivalent circuit method exists. The basic idea of this method is to build a lumped element circuit, which with certain approximation acts as an original accelerating cell. It drastically reduces the number of equations to solve. This method is long known but usually only used for the particular accelerating structures when speed of calculation is a key-factor. Present paper describes a way to numerically simulate transition processes in arbitrary coupled accelerating cells using the equivalent circuit method. This approach allows simulating transitional processes in accelerating structures significantly faster and allows doing so for structures with high quality factor and many cells - a hard task for conventional transient solvers based on the finite difference method.  
poster icon Poster MOPO066 [0.519 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO066  
About • paper received ※ 23 August 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO069 Nuclear and Mechanical Basic Design of Target for Mo-99 Production Using High Power Electron Linac 148
 
  • A. Taghibi Khotbeh-Sara, F. Rahmani
    KNTU, Tehran, Iran
  • F. Ghasemi
    NSTRI, Tehran, Iran
  • H. Khalafi
    AEOI, Tehran, Iran
  • M. Mohseni Kejani
    Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
 
  Today providing enough supplies of 99mTc / 99Mo as a high usage radioisotope in diagnostic nuclear medicine for the world demand is a big challenge. One of the proofed ways to access reliable source of this radioisotopes is production using e-LINAC [1]. In this investigation it was tried to find the simple and the optimized design of 99Mo production target based on photoneutron reaction using e-LINAC. Based on the Monte-Carlo calculation for radiation transport and finite element thermal analysis, 9 thin plates of enriched 100Mo was suggested. Equal distance between plates was considered for cooling to prevent target melting. The main target includes only 100Mo in one-stage approach method to increase production rate in compare with two-stage approach [2]. Applying 2.5 m/s for inlet velocity of cooling water provides suitable cooling process with maximum temperature of target about 900 ˚C.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO069  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO070 Construction of the Side-coupled Standing-wave e-Linac 151
 
  • S. Zarei
    Nuclear Science and Technology Research, InstituteRadiation Application School, Tehran, Iran
  • F. Abbasi
    Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
  • M. Bahrami, M. Lamehi
    IPM, Tehran, Iran
  • F. Ghasemi
    NSTRI, Tehran, Iran
 
  Due to Iran’s growing need for accelerators in various applications, NSTRI electron linear accelerator project has been defined for medical and inspection applications. This accelerator is a 6 MeV side-coupled standing-wave that operate is π /2 mode in the frequency of 2998.5 MHz. In this paper the construction and measurement results of the tube of this accelerator are presented. The prototype tube was constructed from aluminum and was clamped with bolts. By using a network analyzer, electric and magnetic probes and a side-coupled cavity tuning method and a bead-pull measurement technique, RF measurements were carried out. The resonant frequency and quality factor have been achieved 2998.5 MHz and 7940 respectively .
low-energy accelerator, construction of linac, standing-wave linac
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO070  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO020 Dynamic Behavior of Electron Beam under Rf Field and Static Magnetic Field in Cyclotron Auto-resonance Accelerator 725
 
  • Y.T. Yuan
    HUST, Wuhan, People’s Republic of China
  • K. Fan
    Huazhong University of Science and Technology, State Key Laboratory of Advanced Electromagnetic Engineering and Technology,, Hubei, People’s Republic of China
  • Y. Jiang
    Yale University, Beam Physics Laboratory, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
 
  Funding: the National Natural Science Foundation of China
The cyclotron auto-resonance accelerator (CARA) is a novel concept of accelerating continuous gyrating charged-particle beams to moderately or highly relativistic energies, which can be used as the high power microwave source and applied in environment improvement area, particularly in the flue gas pollution remediation. In CARA, the continuous-wave (CW) electron beam follows a gyrating trajectory while undergoing the interaction with the rotating TE-mode rf field and tapered static magnetic field. In the process of gyrating acceleration, the phase synchronization with the rf field is automatically maintained, so to speak, with auto-resonance. Simulation models are constructed to study the effect of rf field and static magnetic field on electron beam in CARA, where the beam energy, trajectory and velocity component are analysed. The simulation results match reasonably well with theoretical predication, which sets up a solid foundation for future designs of CARA.
 
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DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO020  
About • paper received ※ 11 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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