Keyword: cathode
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MOPO006 Crosstalk Effect in the LEReC Booster Cavity cavity, resonance, booster, HOM 47
 
  • B. P. Xiao, K. Mernick, F. Severino, K.S. Smith, T. Xin, W. Xu, A. Zaltsman
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
 
  Funding: Work is supported by Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC under contract No. DE-AC02-98CH10886 with the US DOE.
The Linac of Low Energy RHIC electron Cooler (LEReC) is designed to deliver a 1.6 MeV to 2.6 MeV electron beam, with peak-to-peak dp/p less than 7·10-4. The booster cavity is the major accelerating component in LEReC, which is a 0.4 cell cavity operating at 2 K, with a maximum energy gain of 2.2 MeV. It is modified from the Energy Recovery Linac (ERL) photocathode gun, with fundamental power coupler, pickup coupler and HOM coupler close to each other. Crosstalk effect in this cavity is simulated and measured. Correction method is proposed to meet the energy spread requirement.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO006  
About • paper received ※ 14 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO008 The RF Gun Adopting the Dielectric Assist Accelerating Structure cavity, electron, emittance, laser 54
 
  • S. Mori, D. Satoh, M. Yoshida
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  We apply the dielectric assist accelerating (DAA) structure to the RF gun, which is a candidate for a high average current and high brightness electron source. The DAA structure consists of ultralow-loss dielectric cylinders and disks which are periodically arranged in a metallic enclosure. Due to the high quality factor and the high shunt impedance of the DAA cavity, the RF gun adopting the DAA cavity can be a high-duty electron beam source at room temperature. We provide design work for RF gun adopting the DAA structure.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO008  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO010 JINR Photocathode Research: Status and Plans laser, electron, gun, scattering 62
 
  • M.A. Nozdrin, N. Balalykin, J. Huran, V.F. Minashkin, G. Shirkov
    JINR, Dubna, Moscow Region, Russia
  • E. Gacheva, A. Poteomkin, V. Zelenogorsky
    IAP/RAS, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia
  • J. Huran
    Slovak Academy of Sciences, Institute of Electrical Engineering, Bratislava, Slovak Republic
 
  Photocathode research in the frame of the "transmission" photocathode conception (backside illuminated cathode based on a quartz/sapphire plate or a metal mesh which is a substrate for thin film made of a photomaterial) is being conducted in the Veksler and Baldin Laboratory of High Energy physics (LHEP) of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR). Status of the 30-kev DC Photogun test bench and recent results of the extremely thin carbon film based cathodes research are described. Progress in the full-scale photoinjector prototype (max electron energy of 400 keV) is given. Startup of the photoinjector was performed, 70 keV electrons were extracted (650 pC).  
poster icon Poster MOPO010 [1.564 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO010  
About • paper received ※ 11 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO027 Photocathode Laser Pulse Shaping for Improved Emittance laser, electron, gun, emittance 84
 
  • M. Kotur, J. Andersson, J. Björklund Svensson, M. Brandin, F. Curbis, L. Isaksson, F. Lindau, R. Lindvall, E. Mansten, R. Svärd, S. Thorin, S. Werin
    MAX IV Laboratory, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
 
  We present a setup for producing and characterizing picosecond ultraviolet laser pulses for use in the MAX IV photocathode electron gun preinjector. Frequency-tripled laser pulses from a commercial laser system are shaped directly in the ultraviolet domain using a Fourier-domain pulse shaper. The pulses were characterized using a transitent grating FROG. We discuss a proposed upgrade of the pulse shaper, as well as its limitations.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO027  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO029 Physics design and dynamic simulation of a C-band photocathode electron gun for UEM electron, gun, emittance, solenoid 90
 
  • T. Chen, W. Li, Y.J. Pei, Zh. X. Tang
    USTC/NSRL, Hefei, Anhui, People’s Republic of China
 
  For discovering structure at atomic scale and getting more details of chemical material and biological tissue, an ultrafast electron microscopy (UEM) has been developed and applied in plenty of subjects and studies. This paper described a C-band photocathode electron gun which will be working at 5712MHz to produce ultrashort electron beams with better dynamic parameters. The RF gun is using coaxial coupler to decrease the size of the gun and keep better symmetry of the field in the photocathode gun so that the beam emittance and energy spread can be reduce a lot. The photocathode rf gun will be a important part of the ultrafast electron microscopy (UEM). Using CST MWS and superfish code to simulate design the gun. After dynamic simulation, the beam parameters as the following: Energy is of 3MeV, Normal emittance of 0.12mm-mrad in boin direction, energy spread is of 5.8·10-4, which are better enough for an UEM.  
poster icon Poster MOPO029 [3.599 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO029  
About • paper received ※ 11 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO035 Status of CLARA Front End Commissioning linac, laser, GUI, MMI 98
 
  • D. Angal-Kalinin, A.D. Brynes, S.R. Buckley, P.A. Corlett, L.S. Cowie, K.D. Dumbell, D.J. Dunning, P.C. Hornickel, F. Jackson, J.K. Jones, J.W. McKenzie, B.L. Militsyn, A.J. Moss, T.C.Q. Noakes, M.D. Roper, D.J. Scott, B.J.A. Shepherd, E.W. Snedden, N. Thompson, C. Tollervey, D.A. Walsh, T.M. Weston, A.E. Wheelhouse
    STFC/DL/ASTeC, Daresbury, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  • R.J. Cash, R.F. Clarke, G. Cox, C. Hodgkinson, R.J. Smith, J.T.G. Wilson
    STFC/DL, Daresbury, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  • K.D. Dumbell, B.J.A. Shepherd
    Cockcroft Institute, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
 
  CLARA (Compact Linear Accelerator for Research and Applications) is a Free Electron Laser (FEL) test facility under development at Daresbury Laboratory. The principal aim of CLARA is to test advanced FEL schemes which can later be implemented on existing and future short wavelength FELs. We report on the commissioning of the CLARA front end, consisting of a photoinjector and the first linac section, and merger into the existing VELA (Versatile Electron Linear Accelerator) beamline.  
slides icon Slides MOPO035 [1.870 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO035  
About • paper received ※ 11 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO036 Status of the 10 MW MBKs during Commissioning of the European XFEL in DESY FEL, klystron, operation, gun 102
 
  • V. Vogel (Fogel), L. Butkowski, A. Cherepenko, S. Choroba, J. Hartung
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  At present 26 RF stations for European XFEL are in operation. Each of the RF stations consists of a HV modulator located in a separate building on the DESY campus, up to 1600 m long 10 kV HV cables that connect the modulator and the HV pulse transformer located in the underground tunnel, 120kV, 3 m long HV cable connecting the HV pulse transformer and the connection module of the horizontal multi-beam klystron. Two RF stations of the injector have already achieved about 20000 hours of operation, RF stations of the XFEL bunch compressor area have operated up to 11000 hours and in the XFEL main linac up to 8000 hours. To increase the lifetime of the klystrons, we use a fast protection system (KLM) that is based on the comparison of the actual RF shape and the expected RF shape. In the case of a difference exceeding a certain margin, for example, in the case of RF breakdown in a klystron or RF breakdown in a waveguide system, the KLM quickly, shorter than 500 ns, switches off the input RF signal. Thus, it does prevents the vacuum level in the klystron worsen too much or it minimizes the RF overvoltage time at the output windows of the klystron in case of breakdown in waveguides.  
slides icon Slides MOPO036 [5.241 MB]  
poster icon Poster MOPO036 [0.658 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO036  
About • paper received ※ 05 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO037 SRF Gun Development at DESY gun, cavity, SRF, laser 105
 
  • E. Vogel, S. Barbanotti, I. Hartl, K. Jensch, D. Klinke, D. Kostin, W.-D. Möller, M. Schmökel, J.K. Sekutowicz, S. Sievers, N. Steinhau-Kühl, A.A. Sulimov, J.H. Thie, H. Weise, L. Winkelmann, B. van der Horst
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  • J.A. Lorkiewicz, R. Nietubyć
    NCBJ, Świerk/Otwock, Poland
  • J. Smedley
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  • J. Teichert
    HZDR, Dresden, Germany
  • M. Wiencek
    IFJ-PAN, Kraków, Poland
 
  A future upgrade of the European XFEL (E-XFEL) foresees an additional cw operation mode increasing the flexibility in the photon beam time structure. This mode requires among others a cw operating photo injector. We believe that using an SRF gun is the preferred approach as the beam parameters of normal conducting pulsed guns can be potentially met by SRF guns operating cw. Since more than a decade DESY in collaboration with TJNAF, NCBJ, BNL, HZB and HZDR performs R&D to develop an all superconducting RF gun with a lead cathode. In the frame of E-XFEL cw upgrade feasibility studies, the SRF-gun R&D program gained more attention and support. Within the next few years we would like to demonstrate the performance of the all superconducting injector required for the E-XFEL upgrade. The selected approach offers advantages w.r.t. the cleanliness of the superconducting surface, but requires a complete disassembly of a cryostat and stripping the gun cavity in a clean room to exchange the cathode. Thus it is practical only when the life time of the cathode is at least several months. In this paper we present the actual status of the R&D program, next steps and the longer term plans.  
slides icon Slides MOPO037 [1.966 MB]  
poster icon Poster MOPO037 [3.774 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO037  
About • paper received ※ 11 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO002 Electron Gun for 100 MeV / 100 kW Linear Accelerator of Electrons as the Driver of Nuclear Subcritical Assembly Neutron Source gun, electron, neutron, controls 323
 
  • M. Moisieienko, O. Bezditko, A. Mytsykov, A.Y. Zelinsky
    NSC/KIPT, Kharkov, Ukraine
 
  100 MeV / 100 kW linear electron accelerator of The "neutron source" nuclear subcritical assembly uses the 120 KW triode electron gun as the primary source of electrons. The gun is designed, manufactured and tested at IHEP, Beijing, China. At present, the gun is installed, tested. The maximum impulse current of the gun equal to 2 A. Under design operation, the impulse current of the gun equal to 0.55 A.The report describes the construction of a 120 kV triode electron gun, the results of testing and test operation.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO002  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO050 Construction of Thin-film Coating System Toward the Realization of Superconducting Multilayered Structure cavity, experiment, SRF, site 445
 
  • R. Ito, T. Nagata
    ULVAC, Inc, Chiba, Japan
  • H. Hayano, T. Kubo, T. Saeki
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • H. Ito
    Sokendai, Ibaraki, Japan
  • Y. Iwashita, R. Katayama
    Kyoto ICR, Uji, Kyoto, Japan
  • H. Oikawa
    Utsunomiya University, Utsunomiya, Japan
 
  Although S-I-S (superconductor-insulator-superconductor) multilayered structure is expected to increase the maximum acceleration gradient of SRF cavities, in order for it to function in reality, it is necessary to develop a coating processing that can realize high purity and quality superconducting thin-films. We launched the co-sputtering system to create superconducting alloy thin-films such as Nb3Sn and to research how the characteristics of them change depending on the coating conditions. The deposition rate of two elements was optimized by adjusting each input power, so we successfully obtained an alloy thin-film having appropriate composition ratio. In addition, we developed another experimental equipment for coating on the inner surface of the 3GHz TESLA type small cavities. A cylindrical shape Nb in which some permanent magnets are inserted was adopted as the sputtering target. Glow discharge of the target was confirmed, and the inner-sputtering test was conducted. This presentation reports the specifications of the two sputtering apparatuses and the results of the coating test.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO050  
About • paper received ※ 18 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO059 Latest Results of Salt Based Bipolar Electro-polishing R&D at Cornell cavity, SRF, niobium, radio-frequency 473
 
  • M. Ge, F. Furuta, T. Gruber, J.J. Kaufman, M. Liepe, R.D. Porter
    Cornell University (CLASSE), Cornell Laboratory for Accelerator-Based Sciences and Education, Ithaca, New York, USA
  • T.D. Hall, R. Radhakrishnan, S.T. Snyder, E.J. Taylor
    Faraday Technology, Inc., Clayton, Ohio, USA
 
  Acid free electropolishing would be safer to use and friendlier to the environment. A collaboration, sup-ported by the DOE SBIR Phase-II program, between Faraday Technology Inc. and Cornell University focused on salt-based bipolar electropolishing (BEP). In this paper, we present the latest salt-based BEP results. The superconducting performance of a single-cell 1.3GHz cavity has been carefully analyzed, showing that salt-based BEP is promising, but still has large room for improvement.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO059  
About • paper received ※ 19 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO067 Study on New Removal Thickness Distribution Improvement Methods for Niobium 9-cell Cavity Vertical Electropolishing with Ninja Cathode cavity, experiment, niobium, status 488
 
  • K.N. Nii, V. Chouhan, Y.I. Ida, T.Y. Yamaguchi
    MGH, Hyogo-ken, Japan
  • H. Hayano, S. Kato, H. Monjushiro, T. Saeki, M. Sawabe
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  Marui Galvanizing Co., Ltd. has been developing niobium 9-cell cavity vertical electropolishing (VEP) technologies with Ninja cathode in collaboration with KEK. Conventional 9-cell cavity VEP had a serious problem, which was asymmetry of removal thickness distribution. Usually removal thickness of upper side became larger than lower side in case of both in-cell and inter-cell. So far, as one solution, we proposed bubble diffusion prevention method and proved it was effective for uniform removal. This time, as other new solution, we tried cavity flip upside down and Ninja cathode masking VEP methods. In this article we will report the purpose, intention and VEP experiment result of these methods.  
poster icon Poster TUPO067 [0.858 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO067  
About • paper received ※ 13 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO068 Vertical Electropolishing of 1.3 GHz Niobium Nine-cell SRF Cavity: Bulk Removal and RF Performance cavity, niobium, target, SRF 491
 
  • V. Chouhan, Y.I. Ida, K.N. Nii, T.Y. Yamaguchi
    MGH, Hyogo-ken, Japan
  • H. Hayano, S. Kato, H. Monjushiro, T. Saeki, M. Sawabe
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • H. Ito
    Sokendai, Ibaraki, Japan
  • H. Oikawa
    Utsunomiya University, Utsunomiya, Japan
 
  Vertical electropolishing (VEP) technique have been successfully developed for 1.3 GHz niobium (Nb) single cell cavity to achieve a smooth surface with uniform removal and better RF performance as achieved after horizontal EP (HEP) process. VEP parameters for 1.3 GHz Nb nine-cell cavities are being studied using a nine-cell coupon cavity and our unique Ninja cathode. The investigated VEP parameters heretofore were applied on a 1.3 GHz Tesla shape nine-cell superconducting RF cavity for bulk removal of 100 µm followed by fine removal of 20 and 10 µm. The interior surface was found to be smooth and shiny after the VEP process. Our recently developed dual flow technique, in which the EP acid is flown separately in the Ninja cathode housing and cavity, yielded lower asymmetry in removal along the cavity length. The cavity was tested in a vertical cryostat after the final VEP process. The cavity achieved 28.3 MV/m at Q0 value of 6.7x109. The cavity performance was almost the same as in the baseline vertical test performed after the HEP process.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO068  
About • paper received ※ 13 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO069 Development of Vertical Electropolishing Facility for Nb 9-cell Cavity (2) cavity, controls, niobium, experiment 494
 
  • Y.I. Ida, V. Chouhan, K.N. Nii
    MGH, Hyogo-ken, Japan
  • T. Akabori, G.M. Mitoya, K. Miyano
    HKK, Morioka, Japan
  • Y. Anetai, F. Takahashi
    WING. Co.Ltd, Iwate-ken, Japan
  • H. Hayano, S. Kato, H. Monjushiro, T. Saeki, M. Sawabe
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  In IPAC18 (Vancouver, Canada), we reported our first step of development of niobium 9-cell cavity vertical electropolishing (VEP) facility. In this article, we will report the method, system for uniform polishing for niobium 9-cell cavities and the current situation of our 9-cell cavity VEP facility (The result of polishing uniformity, vertical test will be presented in other posters of this conference). In addition, we will show the movie of experiments of VEP-3 with Ninja cathode. This facility aims not only for test VEP but also for mass production and long-time operation.  
poster icon Poster TUPO069 [0.316 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO069  
About • paper received ※ 13 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO074 Design and Fabrication of KEK Superconducting RF Gun #2 gun, SRF, cavity, niobium 510
 
  • T. Konomi, Y. Honda, E. Kako, Y. Kobayashi, S. Michizono, T. Miyajima, H. Sakai, K. Umemori, S. Yamaguchi, M. Yamamoto
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  Superconducting RF gun can realize high acceleration voltage and high beam repetition. KEK has been developing the 1.3 GHz elliptical type 1.5 cell superconducting RF gun to investigate fundamental performance. A surface cleaning method and tools are developed by using KEK SRFGUN #1 and high surface peak gradient 75 MV/m was achieved without field emission. SRFGUN #2 which equips the helium jacket and can be operated with electron beam was designed based on the SRFGUN #1. It can be operated with transmit type photocathode which include superconducting transparent material. The cathode plug is cooled by thermal conducting from the 2 K helium jacket and photocathode will be kept around 2K to maintain superconductivity. Bulk niobium photocathode plug and substrate will used for the fundamental performance test. In parallel, the photocathode deposition chamber for multi-alkali photocathode will be prepared.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO074  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO076 An Innovative Nb3Sn Film Approach and Its Potential for SRF Applications cavity, SRF, site, accelerating-gradient 513
 
  • E.Z. Barzi, D. Turrioni, C. Ciaccia
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
  • G.V. Eremeev, R.L. Geng, R.A. Rimmer, A-M. Valente-Feliciano
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
  • S. Falletta
    Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy
  • H. Hayano, T. Saeki
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • H. Ito
    Sokendai, Ibaraki, Japan
  • A. Kikuchi
    NIMS, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  Funding: Work supported by U.S. DOE contract No. DE-AC02-07CH11359
A novel electro-chemical technique to produce Nb3Sn films on Nb substrates was developed and optimized at Fermilab. The Nb3Sn phase is obtained in a two-electrode cell, by electrodeposition from aqueous solutions of Sn layers and Cu intermediate layers onto Nb substrates. Subsequent thermal treatments in inert atmosphere are realized at a maximum temperature of 700°C to obtain the Nb3Sn superconducting phase. Several superconduct-ing Nb3Sn films were obtained on Nb substrates by study-ing and optimizing most parameters of the electro-plating process. Samples were characterized at Fermilab, NIMS, KEK and JLAB, including EPMA analyses, DC and in-ductive tests of critical temperature Tc0, and lower critical field Hc1(4.2 K) by SQUID. In parallel to sample devel-opment and fabrication at FNAL, at JLAB and KEK effort was put into etching and electro-polishing techniques adequate to remove the Cu and bronze phases from the samples’ outer surface. This is necessary prior to meas-urements at JLAB of the surface impedance of flat sam-ples in a setup that make use of an RF host cavity.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO076  
About • paper received ※ 21 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO078 Extension of Busch’s Theorem to Particle Beams emittance, solenoid, experiment, electron 516
 
  • L. Groening, C. Xiao
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  • M. Chung
    UNIST, Ulsan, Republic of Korea
 
  In 1926, H. Busch formulated a theorem for one single charged particle moving along a region with longitudinal magnetic field. The theorem relates particle angular momentum to the amount of field lines being enclosed by the particle cyclotron motion. Recently it has been extended to accelerated particle beams [Phys. Rev. Accel. Beams 21 014201 (2018)]. This contribution sketches this extension and applies the extended theorem to successfully performed emittance manipulations with electron and ion beams.  
slides icon Slides TUPO078 [0.999 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO078  
About • paper received ※ 24 August 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO085 Modelling of Beam Parameters of RF Linac for GBS-ELI-NP linac, simulation, quadrupole, gun 528
 
  • P.S. Tracz
    IFIN-HH, Bucharest - Magurele, Romania
 
  The Gamma Beam System at the ELI-NP (Extreme Light Infrastructure - Nuclear Physics) currently being constructed in Magurele/Bucharest, Romania will be a high-brilliance advanced source of gamma rays based on laser Compton back-scattering. For a successful operation of the GBS a high brightness low emittance electron beam is of crucial importance. The warm RF linac is designed in two stages - one with the beam up to 300 MeV, and another one about 720 MeV. The S-band photo-injector is combined with a C-band linac. The beam is transported by transfer lines to the interaction points. In this paper we report the results of computer simulations of the electron beam transport in the low energy linac and transfer line up to the low energy interaction point (IP1). The simulation model makes it possible to predict the beam parameters to be recuperated in case of failure of any magnetic or accelerating elements as well as it enables to determine the optimal parameters of replaced components. It will be used for the development of the Gamma Beam System in the future.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO085  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO090 Electron-beam Matching to Solenoid Magnetic Field in a Klystron klystron, gun, electron, solenoid 534
 
  • S.J. Park, Y.J. Park
    PAL, Pohang, Kyungbuk, Republic of Korea
  • J.H. Hwang, S.-G. Shin
    POSTECH, Pohang, Kyungbuk, Republic of Korea
  • S.Y. Hyun, D.H. Yu
    Vitzrotech Co., Ltd., Ansan City, Kyunggi-Do, Republic of Korea
 
  Funding: The work was supported by the National R&D Program (grant number: 2016R1A6B2A01016828) through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT, Korea.
High-power klystrons for particle accelerators employ high-perveance electron guns which are usually focused by Solenoid magnets. The electron beam should be optically matched to the downstream magnetic field to prevent the beam from scalloping. The task usually requires a series of computer simulations with many design parameters, and therefore requires extensive(sometimes exhaustive) efforts if not aided by a priori experiences. In order to alleviate the difficulties we have developed a matching procedure which is systematic and reliable. In this article we describe the procedure with an example design of a 400-kV 500-A electron beam with radius 8 - 11 mm.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO090  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO093 Excitation of Millimeter Wavelength Cavity Structure cavity, gun, simulation, focusing 543
 
  • M.V. Arsentyeva
    NSU, Novosibirsk, Russia
  • A.M. Barnyakov, A.E. Levichev, D.A. Nikiforov
    BINP SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia
 
  Excitation of millimeter wavelength cavity structure In this work excitation of W-band structure is studied. The structure consists of cylindrical cavities with the operating frequency of about 96 GHz. We plan to excite the structure by short bunches from the photocathode RF gun. In order to choose structure geometry and beam duration, we performed estimations and simulations; induced voltage was also estimated. Taking into account feasible parameters of the photocathode RF gun such as beam size and emittance, we studied exciting beam transverse dynamics to define its other characteristics (energy and charge). To lead the beam from the whole structure, focusing is needed. After estimation of required magnetic field, we considered possibility of focusing with help of permanent magnets.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO093  
About • paper received ※ 10 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO098 Proof-of-Principle Tests for Slit-scan-based Slice Emittance Measurements at PITZ emittance, electron, FEL, laser 553
 
  • R. Niemczyk, P. Boonpornprasert, Y. Chen, J.D. Good, M. Groß, H. Huck, I.I. Isaev, D.K. Kalantaryan, C. Koschitzki, M. Krasilnikov, X. Li, O. Lishilin, G. Loisch, D. Melkumyan, A. Oppelt, H.J. Qian, Y. Renier, C. Saisa-ard, F. Stephan, Q.T. Zhao
    DESY Zeuthen, Zeuthen, Germany
  • W. Hillert
    University of Hamburg, Institut für Experimentalphysik, Hamburg, Germany
 
  Transverse slice emittance is one of the most important properties of high-brightness electron beams for freeelectron lasers (FELs). The photo injector test facility at DESY in Zeuthen (PITZ) develops high-brightness electron sources for modern FELs. With a 23 MeV, 1 nC beam at PITZ the experimental slice emittance characterization with the quadrupole scan technique is complicated by strong space charge effects. Combining the slit scan technique with a transverse deflecting cavity (TDS) allows for timeresolved emittance measurements of such a space-chargedominated beam. The first proof-of-principle results of slice emittance measurements at PITZ based on the ’TDS + slit scan’-technique are presented in this paper.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO098  
About • paper received ※ 04 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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WE1A03 Latest Results of CW 100 mA Electron RF Gun for Novosibirsk ERL Based FEL cavity, gun, radiation, electron 598
 
  • V. Volkov, V.S. Arbuzov, E. Kenzhebulatov, E.I. Kolobanov, A.A. Kondakov, E.V. Kozyrev, S.A. Krutikhin, I.V. Kuptsov, G.Y. Kurkin, S.V. Motygin, A.A. Murasev, V.K. Ovchar, V.M. Petrov, A.M. Pilan, V.V. Repkov, M.A. Scheglov, I.K. Sedlyarov, S.S. Serednyakov, O.A. Shevchenko, S.V. Tararyshkin, A.G. Tribendis, N.A. Vinokurov
    BINP SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia
 
  Continuous wave (CW) 100 mA electron rf gun for injecting high-quality 300-400 keV electron beam to the Energy Recovery Linac (ERL) driving the Novosibirsk Free Electron Laser (FEL) was developed, built, and commissioned in a diagnostics beam line. The rf gun consists of normal conducting 90 MHz rf cavity with a gridded thermionic cathode unit. Tests of the rf gun confirmed its design performance in strict accordance with numerical simulations. The gun was tested up to the design specifications at a test bench that includes a diagnostics beam line. The design features of different components of the rf gun are presented. The commissioning experience is discussed. The latest beam results are reported.  
slides icon Slides WE1A03 [2.829 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-WE1A03  
About • paper received ※ 14 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO093 Status and Results Obtained on a RF Conditioning Test Bench for 704 MHz Couplers in the Frame of ESS Project klystron, status, high-voltage, gun 895
 
  • S. Sierra, Y. Amal, Ch.L. Lievin, I. Yao Leclerc
    TED, Velizy-Villacoublay, France
  • M.E. Chahbazian, J.G. DeOliveira, A.G. Goeury, L.J. Nennig, S.P. Petitjean
    GERAC Thales, Le Barp, France
 
  Thales and Gerac are developing a test bench able to make the RF conditioning of the Fundamental Power Couplers at 704 MHz in the frame of the ESS project for CEA. The status of the developments of the test bench is described including the modulator, klystron and all relative equipments. The paper will also describes the results obtained at the date of presentation.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO093  
About • paper received ※ 10 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO116 Space-Charge Dominated Photoemission in High Gradient Photocathode RF Guns space-charge, laser, emittance, gun 941
 
  • Y. Chen, P. Boonpornprasert, J.D. Good, M. Groß, H. Huck, I.I. Isaev, D.K. Kalantaryan, C. Koschitzki, M. Krasilnikov, O. Lishilin, G. Loisch, D. Melkumyan, R. Niemczyk, A. Oppelt, H.J. Qian, Y. Renier, F. Stephan
    DESY Zeuthen, Zeuthen, Germany
  • H. Chen, Y. C. Du, W.-H. Huang, C.-X. Tang, Q.L. Tian, L.X. Yan
    TUB, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
  • H. De Gersem, E. Gjonaj
    TEMF, TU Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany
  • M. Dohlus
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  • S. A. Schmid
    Institut Theorie Elektromagnetischer Felder, TU Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany
 
  The cathode emission physics plays a crucial role in the overall beam dynamics in the gun. Interplays between intricate emission mechanisms in the cathode vicinity strongly influence the cathode quantum efficiency (QE) and the intrinsic emittance. The presence of strong space-charge effects in high gradient RF guns further complicates the emission process. A proper modeling of photoemission and a careful treatment of the space-charge contribution is thus of great necessity to understanding the formation of the beam slice emittance. In this article, emission measurements are carried out using the L-band cesium-telluride photocathode RF gun at the Photo Injector Test Facility at DESY in Zeuthen (PITZ) and the S-band copper photocathode RF gun at Tsinghua University. Following the Dowell model a simple so-called space-charge iteration approach is developed and used to determine the QE through temporal and spatial-dependent electromagnetic fields. An impact of the space-charge cooling on the thermal emittance is presented. Measurement data are shown and discussed in comparisons to preliminary simulation results.  
slides icon Slides THPO116 [6.249 MB]  
poster icon Poster THPO116 [3.157 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO116  
About • paper received ※ 11 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO124 Design of Pulsed HV and RF Combined Gun System Using Gridded Thermionic-Cathode gun, emittance, cavity, electron 949
 
  • T. Asaka, H. Tanaka
    RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo, Japan
  • Y. Otake
    JASRI, Hyogo, Japan
  • T. Taniuchi
    JASRI/SPring-8, Hyogo-ken, Japan
 
  In recent state-of -arts accelerators like an X-ray free electron laser, the electron beam performance of a linear accelerator demands a low emittance of ~ 2mm mrad. To obtain the low-emittance, such a 500kV thermionic-gun at SACLA and a photocathode rf gun generating 0.5~1MeV electron beams had been developed. Although the photocathode rf gun is compact, it is necessary to prepare a highly stabilized, large and complicated laser system. The 500-kV thermionic-gun of SACLA injector has also to prepare a technically difficult and large high voltage system. Hence, we propose a low-emittance gun system with a low-voltage and grid-loaded 50kV thermionic gun and a 238MHz rf cavity to overcome the complicated difficulty, as extension of the established technology. This system quickly accelerates the electron up to 500keV to preserve the low emittance and to cancel a grid focusing effect by the space charge force of the beam. By using a particle tracking code, we obtained the optimum voltage parameters of the grid and the 238MHz rf for obtaining the above-mentioned low emittance. In this paper, we present a numerical feasibility study to realize the low-emittance gun system.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO124  
About • paper received ※ 10 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO125 Runing Status of SRF Gun II at the ELBE Radiation Center gun, SRF, laser, operation 952
 
  • R. Xiang, A. Arnold, P.N. Lu, P. Murcek, J.S. Schaber, J. Teichert, H. Vennekate, P.Z. Zwartek
    HZDR, Dresden, Germany
 
  Funding: The work is supported by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) grant 05K12CR1 and the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) grant XI106/2-1.
As a new electron source with higher brilliance, the second version of the superconducting RF photoinjector (SRF Gun II) has been successfully commissioned at the ELBE Center for High-Power Radiation Sources since 2014. SRF Gun II features an improved 3.5-cell niobium cavity as well as a superconducting solenoid in the same cryomodule. For user operation the SRF Gun II with Mg photocathode successfully generated stable beam with bunch charges up to 200 pC in CW mode, and with sub-ps bunch length. In this presentation the gun’s status and beam parameters will be presented.
 
poster icon Poster THPO125 [1.520 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO125  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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