Keyword: DTL
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MO1A01 CSNS Front End and Linac Commissioning linac, MMI, rfq, cavity 1
 
  • S. Fu, H.C. Liu, H.F. Ouyang, S. Wang
    IHEP, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
  • J. Li, J. Peng
    CSNS, Guangdong Province, People’s Republic of China
 
  The China Spallation Neutron Source(CSNS) accelera-tor systems is designed to deliver a 1.6GeV, 100kW proton beam to a solid metal target for neutron scattering research. The accelerator consists of a front end, an 80MeV DTL linac, and a 1.6GeV Rapid Cycling Syn-chrotron (RCS). In August 2017 the first 1.6GeV proton beam hit on the tungsten target and production neutrons were monitored. This paper will report the major steps and results of the machine commissioning and beam commissioning of the CSNS front end and linac. In the first section, a brief introduction of the CSNS accelerator design and present status will be presented. Then, we will share our commissioning experience in the front end and the DTL linac in the following sections.  
slides icon Slides MO1A01 [9.123 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MO1A01  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO079 Cavity Design of a 7 MeV 325 MHz Proton APF IH-DTL for a Compact Injector cavity, proton, linac, focusing 163
 
  • X. Li
    University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
  • X. Li, Y.H. Pu, X.C. Xie, M.H. Zhao
    SINAP, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China
  • F. Yang
    Shanghai APACTRON Particle Equipment Company Limited, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China
 
  Funding: National Key Research and Development Program of China (grant number 2016YFC0105408)
An Interdigit H-mode Drift-Tube-Linac (IH-DTL) with Alternating-Phase-Focusing (APF) method working at 325MHz was designed. With the RF field established properly in the cavity, protons can be accelerated from 3MeV to 7MeV successfully. In this paper, the process of designing such an APF IH-DTL cavity is going to be presented. Also, the characteristics of the cavity and pa-rameters studying of RF are going to be demonstrated.
 
poster icon Poster MOPO079 [0.433 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO079  
About • paper received ※ 02 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO080 The Manufacturing of the CSNS DTL Tank cavity, vacuum, linac, factory 167
 
  • X.L. Wu, T. Luo
    CSNS, Guangdong Province, People’s Republic of China
  • L. Dong, K.Y. Gong, H.C. Liu, H. Song
    IHEP, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
  • S.M. Liu
    DNSC, Dongguan, People’s Republic of China
 
  The DTL tank is a crucial component of the China Spallation Neutron Source (CSNS) linear accelerator (LINAC), which mainly use the technology of oxygen-free copper (OFC) electroplating on the inner surface of the 20# carbon steel tube. It is the first time to perform OFC electroplating with high electrical conductivity in the high intensity beam accelerator in China. In the process of cavity manufacturing, problems such as machining deformation, plating surface nodule and plating peeling are encountered. In this project, based on pre-research and information from literature, the formula of acid solution was improved to construct a stable pickling process protocol. The manufacturing process of DTL tank and the measurement details are introduced in this paper.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO080  
About • paper received ※ 10 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO082 Commissioning Status of the Linac for the iBNCT Project rfq, neutron, operation, target 174
 
  • M. Sato, Z. Fang, M.K. Fukuda, Y. Fukui, K. Futatsukawa, Y. Honda, K. Ikegami, H. Kobayashi, C. Kubota, T. Kurihara, T. Miura, T. Miyajima, F. Naito, K. Nanmo, T. Obina, T. Shibata, T. Sugimura, A. Takagi, E. Takasaki
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • K. Hasegawa
    JAEA, Ibaraki-ken, Japan
  • H. Kumada, Y. Matsumoto, Su. Tanaka
    Tsukuba University, Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, Ibaraki, Japan
  • N. Nagura, T. Ohba
    Nippon Advanced Technology Co., Ltd., Tokai, Japan
  • T. Onishi
    Tsukuba University, Ibaraki, Japan
  • T. Ouchi, H. Sakurayama
    ATOX, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  Boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) is one of the particle-beam therapies which use secondary products from a neutron capture on boron medicaments implanted into cancer cells. This has been originally studied with neutrons from nuclear reactors, meanwhile, many activities have been recently projected with accelerator-based neutron generation. In the iBNCT (Ibaraki BNCT) project, the accelerator is consisted with a radio frequency quadrupole (RFQ) and an Alvarez type drift-tube linac (DTL). Protons extracted from an ion source are accelerated up to 3 MeV and 8 MeV, respectively, and bombarded onto a beryllium target to generate neutrons. The design of the linac is based on the J-PARC one, but the most significant difference is the higher duty factor to have a sufficient epithermal neutron flux for BNCT. We have started the commissioning from the end of 2016, and the beam current of 1.3 mA with a repetition of 50 Hz has been achieved with an acceptable stability. Further beam commissioning and reinforcement of the vacuum and cooling water system will be performed toward higher beam current. In this contribution, the current status and future prospects of the linac will be presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO082  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO084 The Simulation and Manufacture of the Room Temperature CH-DTL cavity, impedance, linac, acceleration 177
 
  • J.H. Li, G. Han
    China Institute of Atomic Energy, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
  • C.G. Li
    CIAE, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
  • Z. Li
    SCU, Chengdu, People’s Republic of China
 
  The room temperature Cross-bar H Type Drift Tube Linac (CH-DTL) is one of the candidate acceleration structures working in CW mode. In order to optimize the parameters, the 3 dimensional electromagnetic field of the CH-DTL cavity is simulated. The method of parameter sweeping with constraint variable is better than the method of parameter sweeping with only one variable during the optimization. In order to simplify the manufacture, the drift tube surface can be designed as spherical shape. The CH-DTL cavity has been manufactured and tested.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO084  
About • paper received ※ 31 August 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO085 Prototype of an Inter-digital H-mode Drift-tube Linac for Muon Linac cavity, linac, focusing, experiment 180
 
  • Y. Nakazawa, H. Iinuma
    Ibaraki University, Ibaraki, Japan
  • K. Hasegawa, Y. Kondo, T. Morishita
    JAEA/J-PARC, Tokai-mura, Japan
  • N. Hayashizaki
    RLNR, Tokyo, Japan
  • Y. Iwashita
    Kyoto ICR, Uji, Kyoto, Japan
  • Y. Iwata
    NIRS, Chiba-shi, Japan
  • N. Kawamura, T. Mibe, M. Otani, T. Yamazaki, M. Yoshida
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • R. Kitamura, H.Y. Yasuda
    University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
  • N. Saito
    J-PARC, KEK & JAEA, Ibaraki-ken, Japan
  • Y. Sue
    Nagoya University, Graduate School of Science, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Japan
 
  An inter-digital H-mode (IH) drift-tube linac (DTL) is developed for a low velocity part in a muon linac at the J-PARC E34 experiment. It will accelerate muons from v/c = 0.08 to 0.28 at an operational frequency of 324 MHz. In order to achieve higher acceleration efficiency and make cost lower, an alternative phase focusing (APF) scheme is adopted. A prototype with 6 cells of 0.45 m length was manufactured. The prototype accelerates muons from v/c = 0.08 to 0.15 stage. We conducted frequency measurement and bead-pull measurement as a low-power measurement, in order to evaluate the prototype product. In this paper, the results of the low-power measurement for prototype cavity will be presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO085  
About • paper received ※ 10 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO087 Cold Test of Hybrid RFQ Prototype rfq, quadrupole, cavity, simulation 184
 
  • P.Y. Yu, Y. He, C.X. Li, F.F. Wang, Z.J. Wang, B. Zhang
    IMP/CAS, Lanzhou, People’s Republic of China
 
  Hybrid RFQ is proposed as a potential good choice at the low-energy range of linear accelerator, which is combined by four-vane RFQ structure and CH-DTL structure. It has higher energy gain rate compared to conventional RFQ, and it is more compact than traditional DTL. In order to research on process exploration and RF parameters of this structure, an aluminium prototype is developed. The cold test of Hybrid RFQ prototype is completed. This paper will present the results and analysis of the test.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO087  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO088 Study on a 325 MHz HOM Drift Tube Linac HOM, cavity, linac, impedance 187
 
  • L. Lu, T. He, W. Ma, C.C. Xing, L. Yang
    IMP/CAS, Lanzhou, People’s Republic of China
 
  Normally, drift tube linacs (DTL) are used following RFQ linacs for beam acceleration in middle and high beam energy region. but acceleration efficiency of DTLs is decreasing with beam energy increasing. Using resonated higher order mode (HOM) of cavity, DTL can get higher effective shunt impedance. we proposed a 325MHz DTL with TE115 mode. In this paper, the dynamics calculation and electromagnetic design of the HOM-DTL will be reported.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO088  
About • paper received ※ 13 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO089 Design Details of the European Spallation Source Drift Tube LINAC interface, vacuum, GUI, linac 190
 
  • P. Mereu, M. Mezzano, C. Mingioni, M. Nenni
    INFN-Torino, Torino, Italy
  • G. Cibinetto
    INFN-Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy
  • F. Grespan, A. Pisent
    INFN/LNL, Legnaro (PD), Italy
 
  The Drift Tube Linac (DTL) of the European Spallation Source (ESS) is designed to operate at 352.2MHz with a duty cycle of 4% (3 ms pulse length, 14 Hz repetition period) and will accelerate a proton beam of 62.5mA pulse peak current from 3.62 to 90 MeV. This paper gives a detailed overview of the ESS-DTL current mechanical design, and the related driving criteria. It presents also an outlook of the main aspects of the assembly and installation, with related equipments, toolings and procedures.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO089  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO096 Realistic Modeling of MEBT for the New LANSCE RFQ Injector emittance, quadrupole, rfq, proton 211
 
  • S.S. Kurennoy
    LANL, Los Alamos, New Mexico, USA
 
  The new RFQ-based proton injector at LANSCE requires a specialized medium-energy beam transfer (MEBT) after the RFQ at 750 keV due to a following long (~3 m) existing common transfer line that also transports H beams to the DTL entrance. The horizontal space for MEBT elements is limited because two beam lines merge at 18-degree angle. The MEBT includes two compact quarter-wave RF bunchers and four short quadrupoles with steerers, all within the length of about 1 m. The beam size in the MEBT is large, comparable to the beam-pipe aperture, hence non-linear 3D fields at large radii and field-overlap effects become important. With CST Studio codes, we calculate buncher RF fields and quadrupole and steerer magnetic fields, and use them for particle-in-cell beam dynamics modeling of MEBT with realistic beam distributions from the RFQ. Our results indicate significant emittance growth in MEBT not predicted by the standard beam dynamics codes. Its origin is traced mainly to the quadrupole edge fields; the buncher RF fields also contribute noticeably. Proposed design modifications improve the MEBT performance.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO096  
About • paper received ※ 10 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO124 Details of the Manufacturing Processes of the ESS-DTL Components alignment, coupling, vacuum, linac 260
 
  • P. Mereu, F. Borotto Dalla Vecchia, C. Mingioni, M. Nenni, R. Panero
    INFN-Torino, Torino, Italy
  • A. Battistello, P. Bottin, D. Conventi, L. Ferrari, F. Grespan, A. Pisent
    INFN/LNL, Legnaro (PD), Italy
  • A.G. Colombo
    INFN- Sez. di Padova, Padova, Italy
 
  The Drift Tube Linac (DTL) of the European Spallation Source (ESS) is designed to operate at 352.2MHz with a duty cycle of 4% (3 ms pulse length, 14 Hz repetition period) and will accelerate a proton beam of 62.5mA pulse peak current from 3.62 to 90 MeV. This paper presents the details of the manufacturing processes with quality control reports of the components of the DTL.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO124  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO132 The 7 MeV APF DTL for Proton Therapy proton, rfq, simulation, acceleration 277
 
  • X.C. Xie, D.M. Li, X. Li, Y.H. Pu, J. Qiao, M.H. Zhao, Z.T. Zhao
    SINAP, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China
  • Y.H. Pu, X.C. Xie, F. Yang
    Shanghai APACTRON Particle Equipment Company Limited, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China
 
  Funding: This work is fund by Ministry of Science and Technology of the People’s Repulic of China, under Grant Number 2016YFC0105408
A 7MeV alternating phase focused (APF) drift tube linear (DTL) for proton therapy has been designed, and a design code has been developed based on a sinusoidal synchronous phase formula and a linearly increasing electrode voltage assumption. The design procedure includes the radio frequency quadrupole (RFQ) to drift tube linac (DTL) matching, and end-to-end simulation that conducted by Trace Win. Moreover, a cutting method has been performed to correct the integral electric field deviation of RF gaps.
 
slides icon Slides MOPO132 [4.219 MB]  
poster icon Poster MOPO132 [2.604 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO132  
About • paper received ※ 20 August 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TU2A03 Layout of the New FAIR Post-stripper DTL for Intense Heavy Ion Beams quadrupole, cavity, operation, emittance 303
 
  • S. Mickat, X. Du, P. Gerhard, L. Groening, M. Heilmann, M. Kaiser, A. Rubin, V. Srinivasan, W. Sturm
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
 
  The new post-stripper DTL at GSI shall accelerate uranium beams with space charge induced tune depressions of up to 37% to 11.4 MeV/u. Emittance dilution must be kept below few percent. However, the layout must also allow for delivery of lightest ions to just 3.0 MeV/u. This broad-banded range of requirements imposes huge challenges on the layout and fabrication especially of the cavities and drift tube magnets.  
slides icon Slides TU2A03 [4.777 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TU2A03  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO003 Development of CW Heavy Ion Linac at IMP linac, MMI, cavity, rfq 326
 
  • X. Yin, H. Du, Y. He, Q.Y. Kong, X.N. Li, Z.S. Li, L.Z. Ma, J. Meng, C. Qian, L.T. Sun, K.D. Wang, J.X. Wu, J.W. Xia, W.J. Xie, Z. Xu, Y.Q. Yang, Q.G. Yao, Y.J. Yuan, W. Zhang, X.Z. Zhang, Y. Zhang, H.W. Zhao, Z.Z. Zhou
    IMP/CAS, Lanzhou, People’s Republic of China
  • J.E. Chen, S.L. Gao, G. Liu, Y.R. Lu, Z. Wang, X.Q. Yan, K. Zhu
    PKU, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  A new heavy ion linac as the injector for the Separated Sector Cyclotron (SSC), named SSC-Linac[1], is being under constructed at the national laboratory Heavy Ion Research Facility in Lanzhou (HIRFL). The SSC-Linac mainly consists of a 4-rod RFQ and three IH-DTL cavities which can accelerate ion of A⁄q≤7from 3.73 keV/u to 1.025 MeV/u. Both of themoperating at 53.667MHz had been developed. In the commissioning, ions weresuccessfully accelerated to 0.295MeV/u by IH-DTL1. The beam commissioningof the IH-DTL2 which can accelerate the ion to 0.586MeV/u will come soon. In this paper, the recent R&D progress of the SSC-Linac including the development of key components and the beam commissioning results arepresented.  
slides icon Slides TUPO003 [7.335 MB]  
poster icon Poster TUPO003 [0.810 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO003  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO004 RF Design and Cold Model Measurement of an IH-DTL for HIMM Injector cavity, linac, simulation, quadrupole 329
 
  • H. Du, Q.Y. Kong, Z.S. Li, K.D. Wang, X. Yin
    IMP/CAS, Lanzhou, People’s Republic of China
 
  An interdigital H-mode drift tube linac (IH-DTL) will be constructed as a postinjector linac for the Heavy Ion Medical Machine (HIMM). Its resonant frequency, injec-tion and final energies are determined from beam dynamics and hardware parameters considerations of the entire machine to be 162.5MHz, 600keV/u and 4MeV/u, respectively. The beam duty cycle of the injector linac is less than 0.1% based on the injection requirements of the synchrotron. Beam dynamics and RF structure design and optimize of the IH-DTL has been finished. The maximum surface electric field is less than 2.0-times the Kilpatric limit for accelerating C4+ beam. This IH-DTL contains 42 accelerating gaps and two focusing quadrupole triplets. In order to examine the field distribution of the IH-DTL which reaches the length of 3.17m, an aluminum alloy 1:1 cold model cavity with 4 moveable tuners and 2 empty focusing magnet shell was constructed. The relative intertube-distance errors are less than ±50μm. The measurements show that the gap voltage values can match the CST-MWS simulating results within relative difference of ±3% by adjusting the 4 moveable tuners.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO004  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO013 Commissioning Status of the LIGHT Development Machine MMI, rfq, proton, linac 352
 
  • G. De Michele, J. Adam, D. Aguilera Murciano, A. Benot-Morell, R. Bonomi, F. Cabaleiro Magallanes, M. Caldara, G. D’Auria, A. Degiovanni, M. Esposito, S. Fanella, D. Fazio, D.A. Fink, Y. Fusco, M. Gonzalez, P. Gradassi, L. Kobzeva, G. Levy, G. Magrin, A. Marraffa, A. Milla, R. Moser, P. Nadig, G. Nuessle, A. Patino-Revuelta, T. Rutter, F. Salveter, A. Samoshkin, L. Wallet
    A.D.A.M. SA, Meyrin, Switzerland
  • M. Breitenfeldt, C. Candolfi, G. Castorina, M. Cerv, V.A. Dimov, M.T. Gallas, S. Gibson, A. S. Gonzalez, Ye. Ivanisenko, A. Jeff, V. F. Khan, S. Magnoni, J.L. Navarro Quirante, H. Pavetits, P. Paz Neira, S.G. Soriano, P. Stabile, K. Stachyra, A. Valloni, C. Zannini
    AVO-ADAM, Meyrin, Switzerland
  • G. D’Auria
    Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., Basovizza, Italy
 
  ADAM (Application of Detectors and Accelerators to Medicine) is a CERN spin-off company currently working on the construction and testing of the LIGHT (Linac for Image-Guided Hadron Therapy) machine. LIGHT is an innovative high-frequency linac based proton therapy system designed to accelerate protons up to 230 MeV: it consists of three different linac sections i.e. a 750 MHz Radio Frequency Quadrupole (RFQ) accelerating the beam up to 5 MeV; a 3 GHz Side Coupled Drift Tube Linac (SCDTL) up to 37.5 MeV; and a 3 GHz Coupled Cavity Linac (CCL) section up to 230 MeV. The compact and modular design is based on cutting edge technologies developed for particle colliders and adapted to the needs of hadron therapy beams. The LIGHT development machine is currently being built at CERN and this paper describes its design aspects and its different stages of installation and commissioning.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO013  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO101 Design of Practical HSC Type Injector for Cancer Therapy rfq, linac, cavity, injection 557
 
  • C.C. Xing, T. He, C.X. Li, J. Li, L. Lu, L. Yang
    IMP/CAS, Lanzhou, People’s Republic of China
 
  The Hybrid single cavity(HSC), which is designed for 20 mA beam acceleration, is a new HSC Type Injector for Cancer Therapy. Its designed particle, resonant frequency, injection and final energies are designed from beam-optics considerations of the entire system to be C6+, 100MHz, 20keV/u and 0.6MeV/u. In order to achieve these requirements, keeping the Maximum surface electric field to less than 1.9-times the Kilpatrick limit, the RFQ becomes about 1.2 m long and the DTL is about 2.5 m long. The total efficiency of transmission is more than 80%.  
poster icon Poster TUPO101 [0.345 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO101  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO114 Beam Dynamics Studies for the CSNS DTL Due to a Quadrupole Fault lattice, linac, MMI, quadrupole 573
 
  • J. Peng, M.T. Li, Y.D. Liu, X.H. Lu, X.B. Luo
    CSNS, Guangdong Province, People’s Republic of China
  • Y.W. An, S. Fu, L. Huang, M.Y. Huang, Y. Li, Z.P. Li, S. Wang, S.Y. Xu, Y. Yuan
    IHEP, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  The China Spallation Neutron Source(CSNS) accelera-tor systems is designed to deliver a 1.6GeV, 100kW pro-ton beam to a solid metal target for neutron scattering research. It consists of a 50keV H Ion Source, a 3MeV Radio Frequency Quadrupole (RFQ), an 80MeV Drift Tube Linac (DTL), and a 1.6GeV Rapid-cycling Synchro-tron (RCS). The DTL consists of four tanks. In 2017, three of four tanks have been commissioned successfully, and beam has been accelerated to 61MeV with nearly 100% transmission. However, in July 2017, one quadrupole contained in the drift tube was found fault, the beam transmission decreased to 80%. A new lattice has been designed and the 100% transmission has recovered. In January 2018, the last tank of the DTL has been commissioned and accelerated the H beam to the design energy of 80MeV for the first time. The commissioning progress and the measurement results before and after lattice adjustment will be presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO114  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO115 Beam Parameters Measurement and Correction in CSNS Linac linac, emittance, MMI, injection 576
 
  • Z.P. Li, Y. Li
    IHEP, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
  • J. Peng
    CSNS, Guangdong Province, People’s Republic of China
 
  All the beam parameters of China Spallation Neutron Source (CSNS) linac had achieved the acceptance goals in January 2018 after a 2-year commissioning. Parameters of the H beam were carefully studied and corrected. Beam energy was measured and the energy dispersion are reduced. Transverse emittance are obtained by different tools and methods. Linear optics measurements and corrections were carried out under varied beam energies and peak intensities.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO115  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO116 Particle Dynamics Optimization in DTL cavity, focusing, quadrupole, emittance 579
 
  • I. Skudnova
    Saint Petersburg State University, Saint Petersburg, Russia
 
  The research concerns ion dynamics in linear accelerators with drift tubes (DTL). Permanent quadrupole magnets are placed inside some of the drift tubes. Frequency of the field is 432 MHz. Electromagnetic fields and particle dynamics in the cavity are calculated using Comsol Multiphysics software. The input energy of the beam is 6 MeV, output 10 MeV. Initial beam is assumed to come from Radio Frequency Quadrupole accelerator (RFQ). The considered parameters are drift tubes radii, cavity diameter, gradient of the magnetic field from quadrupoles inside drift tubes and focusing lattice. Effectiveness is estimated by the emittance growth.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO116  
About • paper received ※ 14 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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WE2A03 Construction Status of the Superconducting Linac at RIKEN RIBF cavity, vacuum, linac, cryomodule 620
 
  • N. Sakamoto, H. Imao, O. Kamigaito, K. Kusaka, H. Okuno, K. Ozeki, K. Suda, T. Watanabe, Y. Watanabe, K. Yamada
    RIKEN Nishina Center, Wako, Japan
  • H. Hara, T. Yanagisawa
    MHI, Hiroshima, Japan
  • E. Kako, H. Nakai, H. Sakai, K. Umemori
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • A. Miyamoto, K. Sennyu
    MHI-MS, Kobe, Japan
 
  An upgrade project of the RIKEN Heavy-Ion Linac, RILAC, is under going, which aims at the further investigation of the super-heavy elements and production of radioactive isotopes for medical applications. In this project, a new superconducting ECR ion source and superconducting RF (SRF) booster linac are being developed and constructed. The SRF linac consists of 10 quarter-wavelength resonator operated at 73 MHz, that are contained in three cryomodules. The construction status, including the first vertical test results, will be given in this paper.  
slides icon Slides WE2A03 [23.169 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-WE2A03  
About • paper received ※ 14 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TH1P03 New Trends in Proton and Carbon Therapy Linacs linac, cavity, rfq, proton 666
 
  • S. Benedetti
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  In the last years, many developments have contributed to make feasible an all linac solution for proton and carbon ion therapy, with typical output energies of about 200 MeV and 400 MeV/u, respectively. The efficient beam matching of the source to the high-energy linacs, operating at 3 GHz, represents one of the major challenges. With the successful test of a 750 MHz RFQ at CERN, this possibility starts to be a reality. At the same time CERN is testing a high-gradient S-band cavity, successfully exceeding the accelerating gradient goal of 50 MV/m - more than twice what has been obtained before - and paving the way to more compact medical facilities. In this paper, some of the most significant projects involving linear accelerators for hadron therapy will be presented.  
slides icon Slides TH1P03 [3.378 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TH1P03  
About • paper received ※ 11 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO022 Development Progress of the H+/H Linear Accelerators at Tsinghua University linac, neutron, proton, rfq 732
 
  • Q.Z. Xing, C.B. Bi, C. Cheng, C.T. Du, T.B. Du, X. Guan, Q.K. Guo, Y. Lei, P.F. Ma, S. Shuai, R. Tang, X.W. Wang, X.D. Xudong, H.Y. Zhang, S.X. Zheng
    TUB, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
  • W.Q. Guan, Y. He, J. Li
    NUCTECH, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
  • W.L. Liu, B.C. Wang, Z.M. Wang, Y. Yang, C. Zhao
    NINT, Shannxi, People’s Republic of China
 
  We present, in this paper, the development progress of the 13MeV proton linac for the Compact Pulsed Hadron Source (CPHS), and the 7MeV H linac injector for the synchrotron of the Xi’an 200MeV Proton Application Facility (XiPAF).  
slides icon Slides THPO022 [4.421 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO022  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO026 The Multi-physics Analysis of Dual-beam Drift Tube Linac cavity, simulation, operation, linac 735
 
  • T. He, L. Lu, W. Ma, L.P. Sun, C.C. Xing, X.B. Xu, L. Yang
    IMP/CAS, Lanzhou, People’s Republic of China
 
  The DB-DTL prototype is proposed to validate the fea-sibility of multi-beam accelerator in middle energy region. The main parameters are listed in Table.1. The DB-DTL will operate as pulse injector with the capacity of accelerating proton from 0.56 MeV to 2.5 MeV. The 35.83 kW normalized power dissipation of DB-DTL dis-sipated on the cavity internal surface will heat the cavity and cause cavity temperature rise and structural defor-mation, which will lead to resonant frequency shifting. The cooling water takes away the power to resolve this problem. In this paper, detailed multi-physics field simu-lation of DB-DTL is performed by using ANSYS multi-physics, which is a coupled electromagnetic, thermal and structural analysis.  
poster icon Poster THPO026 [0.759 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO026  
About • paper received ※ 11 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO028 Magnetic Field Measurement and Analysis for Drift Tube Linac of CSNS quadrupole, cavity, drift-tube-linac, linac 738
 
  • B. Li, M.X. Fan, A.H. Li, P.H. Qu, Y. Wang, X.L. Wu
    CSNS, Guangdong Province, People’s Republic of China
  • Q. Chen, K.Y. Gong, W. Kang, H.C. Liu, J.X. Zhou
    IHEP, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  Funding: The National Natural Science Foundation of China(11105166); Youth Innovation Promotion Association(2015011)
A 324MHz Alvarez-type Drift Tube Linac (DTL) is used to accelerate the H ion beam from 3 to 80 MeV with peak current 15mA for China Spallation Neutron Source (CSNS). DTL is composed by 36 meters cavity and 161 DTs, the DT magnet coil adopted SAKAE structure with compact, smaller aperture. Magnetic field is measured by self-developed high precision rotating coil measurement system. This paper introduces the rotating coil measure-ment system simply and presents the 161 DTs magnetic field measurement results comprehensively, include mag-netic field center offset, integral magnetic field, higher-order harmonics. In addition, cooling test result of magnet coil is also presented.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO028  
About • paper received ※ 31 August 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO029 Quality Factor and Power Loss of the CSNS DTL cavity, operation, simulation, linac 741
 
  • P.H. Qu, M.X. Fan, A.H. Li, B. Li, J. Peng, Y. Wang, X.L. Wu
    CSNS, Guangdong Province, People’s Republic of China
  • Q. Chen, K.Y. Gong, H.C. Liu
    IHEP, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  An Alvarez-type Drift tube linac (DTL) was utilized to accelerate the H ion beam of up to 15mA peak current from 3 to 80MeV of China Spallation neutron source (CSNS). For ease of manufacturing and measurement, the CSNS DTL was divided into four independent cavities. The Q factor of four cavities were given, including the measurement results of low-power[1] and high-power[2], and several reasons for the low Q factor of the cavity in the measurement process were analysed. During the op-eration of the DTL, the frequent alarm of the water flow switch causes the power of the cavity to fall to 0. Esti-mate the power loss of each component, under the cir-cumstances of ensuring adequate water flow, reduce the alarm threshold of the water flow switch of some compo-nents to improve the stability of the system.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO029  
About • paper received ※ 22 August 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO030 Operation Experience of the CSNS DTL MMI, operation, linac, vacuum 744
 
  • H.C. Liu, Q. Chen, S. Fu, K.Y. Gong
    IHEP, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
  • M.X. Fan, A.H. Li, B. Li, J. Peng, P.H. Qu, Y. Wang, X.L. Wu
    CSNS, Guangdong Province, People’s Republic of China
 
  The China Spallation Neutron Source (CSNS) Drift tube linac (DTL) accelerates H beam from 3 to 80MeV with 4 independent tanks. The 80MeV beam acceleration was achieved in January 2018. The linac is a key to the reliability of the whole CSNS facility since all the beams stop when these upstream facilities fail. Many efforts have been made for DTL reliable operation. This paper presents the operation experience learned in DTL com-missioning.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO030  
About • paper received ※ 28 August 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO031 RF Conditioning and Beam Commissioning Status of CSNS DTL cavity, vacuum, operation, MMI 747
 
  • Y. Wang, M.X. Fan, A.H. Li, B. Li, J. Peng, P.H. Qu, X.L. Wu
    CSNS, Guangdong Province, People’s Republic of China
  • Q. Chen, K.Y. Gong, H.C. Liu
    IHEP, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  The high power RF conditioning of CSNS DTL was finished in April 2017 with peak input power 1.6MW, 650us pulse width, 25Hz repetition frequency. With careful tuning of RF amplitude and phase, beam was accelerated to 80MeV successfully with maximum peak beam current 12mA and about 98% transmission efficiency. DTL operate stably at full power level with several trips per day without beam interruption after six months commissioning. The whole RF conditioning process was presented and some details of beam commissioning were described in this paper.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO031  
About • paper received ※ 05 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO032 CSNS Linac Beam Commissioning Tools and Experience MMI, linac, emittance, software 750
 
  • Y. Li, Z.P. Li, S. Wang
    IHEP, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
  • J. Peng
    CSNS, Guangdong Province, People’s Republic of China
 
  The China Spallation Neutron Source (CSNS) successfully accelerated the H beam to 80 MeV in January 2018, marking a key progress in the beam commissioning. One of the keys to success is the development and use of software tools. XAL, a Java-based software infrastructure originally developed by SNS was applied for CSNS beam commissioning. We have developed and transplanted many applications based on XAL. Some of the applications for the Linac are described ,and some experiences are shared.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO032  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO033 The Development of Permanent Magnet Quadrupoles for Xipaf DTL multipole, quadrupole, permanent-magnet, radiation 753
 
  • B.C. Wang, M.T. Qiu, Z.M. Wang, C.Y. Wei
    NINT, Shannxi, People’s Republic of China
  • C.T. Du, Q.K. Guo, X.W. Wang, Q.Z. Xing, S.X. Zheng
    TUB, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  Permanent magnet quadrupoles (PMQs) are developed for the DTL of Xi’an 200 MeV Proton Application Facility (XiPAF). In this paper, we describe the fabrication and measurements for the Halbach-type PMQs. The main procedure of the PMQ manufacture is presented. And the magnetic measurements of PMQs are carried out with the help of vibrating wire, Hall probe and rotating coil respectively. The results show the PMQs are able to meet the requirements of XiPAF DTL.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO033  
About • paper received ※ 10 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO034 Experimental Study of Tuning Method on a Model Alvarez DTL Cavity for CPHS Project cavity, experiment, linac, drift-tube-linac 756
 
  • Y. Lei, X. Guan, R. Tang, X.W. Wang, Q.Z. Xing, S.X. Zheng
    TUB, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  This article is devoted to the experimental study of tun-ing method for an Alvarez-type drift tube linac (DTL) of the Compact Pulse Hadron Source (CPHS) project at Tsinghua University. The biperiodic structure based on the post couplers are introduced to overcome the instability of the Alvarez DTL tank which is used to operate in 0 (or 2π) mode. The experimental method and results are pre-sented, and the tuning scheme for the formal CPHS DTL is summarized from the tuning experiment.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO034  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO035 Tuning and Low Power Test of the 325 MHz IH-DTL at Tsinghua University proton, cavity, linac, simulation 759
 
  • R. Tang, C.T. Du, X. Guan, Y. Lei, P.F. Ma, K.D. Man, C.-X. Tang, X.W. Wang, Q.Z. Xing, W.B. Ye, H.Y. Zhang, S.X. Zheng
    TUB, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
  • J. Li
    NUCTECH, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  An interdigital H-mode drift tube linac (IH-DTL), which accelerates proton beam from 3 MeV to 7 MeV has been designed and assembled at Tsinghua University. There are 8 plungers in the 1 m tank and one co-axial coupler is used to feed the power. The frequency is tuned to 325 MHz. The field distribution is measured by the bead perturbation method. Finally, the gap voltage error has been tuned to be smaller than ±3.0%, which satisfies the design requirement. The Q factor of the tank is 7000 while the power dissipation is 244 kW. Details of the low power test is presented.  
poster icon Poster THPO035 [1.268 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO035  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO036 Error Study of CPHS DTL after Assembly rfq, alignment, emittance, linac 763
 
  • P.F. Ma, C.T. Du, X. Guan, Q.K. Guo, Y. Lei, R. Tang, X.W. Wang, Q.Z. Xing, S.X. Zheng
    TUB, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
  • B.C. Wang
    NINT, Shannxi, People’s Republic of China
 
  The Compact Pulsed Hadron Source (CPHS) at Tsinghua University is one multi-purpose pulsed neutron source. The injector of the CPHS is a linac, which mainly consists of a source, a low-energy beam transport line (LEBT), a radio frequency quadrupole (RFQ) and a drift tube linac (DTL). The error study of the DTL for CPHS is presented in this paper. The error study can provide the field tolerances in the DTL cavity and the alignment tolerance between the RFQ and DTL.  
poster icon Poster THPO036 [2.645 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO036  
About • paper received ※ 06 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO038 Status of the Power Couplers for the CSNS DTL coupling, cavity, vacuum, operation 767
 
  • M.X. Fan, A.H. Li, B. Li, P.H. Qu, Y. Wang, X.L. Wu
    CSNS, Guangdong Province, People’s Republic of China
  • Q. Chen, K.Y. Gong, H.C. Liu
    IHEP, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  There are four Drift Tube Linac (DTL) tanks in China Spallation Neutron Source (CSNS) Project. Each DTL tank requires a power coupler with a peak power of 2 MW and a duty cycle of 1.5% for beam operation. After approximately two years machining, all four couplers were already installed in the tunnel before year 2017. Up to now, the first phase of beam tuning has been completed, the maximum transmission power of the coupler exceeds 1.7 MW with a pulse width of 650 μs and a repetition rate of 25 Hz, meanwhile, the vacuum is maintained on the order of 10-6 Pa during the operation and no breakdown was observed. This paper describes the architecture, the fabrication, the low power test results and the high power conditioning process of the coupler. Some problems encountered are also presented.
This work was supported by Youth Innovation Promotion Association of CAS (2015011)
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO038  
About • paper received ※ 30 August 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO040 Operation Experiences of the J-PARC Linac linac, operation, cavity, target 774
 
  • K. Hasegawa
    JAEA/J-PARC, Tokai-Mura, Naka-Gun, Ibaraki-Ken, Japan
 
  The J-PARC linac has delivered beam to users since 2008. As of 2018, the linac provides a 40 mA beam at an energy of 400 MeV to the following Rapid Cycling Synchrotron. We have had many issues to impede high availability during the operation. One of them was troubles of high voltage power supply of klystrons. The other category is related to vacuum property in accelerating cavities. The vacuum pumps were reinforced at the RFQ#1 in 2009. The cleaning of the inside surface of some acceleration cavities were performed after the big earthquake in 2011. The cooling water flow rate drop had been a long-time issue. We modified a cooling system to take better flow balances. As a result of these improvement, the availability is approximately 92% or more in these days. However, we have encountered another issue due to some aging components. The operation experiences and availability improvement at the J-PARC linac will be presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO040  
About • paper received ※ 19 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO043 ESS Normal Conducting Linac Status and Plans rfq, ion-source, linac, proton 781
 
  • E. Sargsyan, H. Danared, F. Hellström, G. Hulla, Ø. Midttun, J.S. Schmidt
    ESS, Lund, Sweden
  • I. Bustinduy, N. Garmendia, J.L. Muñoz
    ESS Bilbao, Zamudio, Spain
  • L. Celona, S. Gammino, L. Neri
    INFN/LNS, Catania, Italy
  • A.C. Chauveau, B. Pottin
    CEA/IRFU, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • F. Grespan, A. Pisent
    INFN/LNL, Legnaro (PD), Italy
  • P. Mereu
    INFN-Torino, Torino, Italy
 
  The European Spallation Source (ESS) uses a linear accelerator to deliver the high intensity proton beam to the target station for producing intense beams of neutrons. The average beam power is 5 MW with a peak beam power at the target of 125 MW. The normal conducting linear accelerator (linac) operating at 352.21 MHz accelerates a proton beam of 62.5 mA from 0.075 to 90 MeV. It consists of an ion source, Low Energy Beam Transport (LEBT), Radio Frequency Quadrupole (RFQ), Medium Energy Beam Transport (MEBT), and Drift Tube Linac (DTL). The design, construction and testing of those structures is done by European partner labs as an in-kind contribution to the ESS project. This paper presents the status and plans for the ESS normal conducting linac.
E.Sargsyan for the ESS NC Linac collaboration team
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO043  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO045 Tuning Esperience on the ESS DTL Cold Model cavity, interface, resonance, alignment 784
 
  • F. Grespan, A. Baldo, P. Bottin, G.S. Mauro, A. Palmieri, A. Pisent
    INFN/LNL, Legnaro (PD), Italy
  • P. Mereu, M. Mezzano
    INFN-Torino, Torino, Italy
 
  An aluminum model of the ESS DTL tank 2 has been delivered to INFN-LNL in december 2017. The tank is 7.1 m long, equipped with movable tuners and movable post couplers. The purpose of this DTL model is to verify the RF design choices (in particular on the first 2 tanks where the Post coupler distribution is irregular) as well as implement and debug algorithms and procedure for stabilization and tuning. The preparatory simulation work and the results of measurements campaign are here presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO045  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO046 Status of the FAIR Proton Linac proton, linac, rfq, emittance 787
 
  • C.M. Kleffner, S. Appel, R. Berezov, J. Fils, P. Forck, M. Kaiser, K. Knie, C. Mühle, S. Puetz, A. Schnase, G. Schreiber, A. Seibel, T. Sieber, V. Srinivasan, J. Trüller, W. Vinzenz, C. Will
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  • A. Almomani, H. Hähnel, U. Ratzinger, M. Schuett, M. Syha
    IAP, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
 
  As part of the accelerator chain for antiproton production of the FAIR facility, a special high-intensity short pulsed 325 MHz proton linac is being developed. The Proton linac is designed to deliver a beam current of 70 mA with an energy of 68 MeV. A 2.45 GHz ECR source designed for the generation of 100 mA beams with an energy of 95 keV is currently being tested at CEA/Saclay. The production of the structure of the IAP ladder RFQ is nearly completed. First parts of the RFQ vacuum chambers have been successfully copperplated at the GSI. Seven Thales Klystrons have been delivered to GSI at the beginning of 2018 and are nearly ready for use. The completion of the setup of the HV modulator is expected end of the year 2018. The state of procurement and development of further accelerator components will be presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO046  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO084 BPM Time of Flight Measurements for Setting-up the RF Cavities of the CERN Linac4 linac, cavity, electron, simulation 879
 
  • M. Bozzolan
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  The newly constructed H LINAC4 at CERN has recently completed its first extended reliability run. It is equipped with Beam Position Monitors (BPMs) based on shorted-stripline pick-up electrodes to measure both position and Time of Flight (ToF). The ToF, in turn used to calculate the kinetic energy of the beam, is determined through signal phase shift measurements between pairs of BPMs. ToF measurements are performed by scanning of the phase of the RF injected into the cavities to find the nominal RF settings for optimal beam acceleration. This paper focuses on the technical aspects of the ToF measurement as well as on the results obtained during beam commissioning and their comparison with beam dynamics simulations.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO084  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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