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MOPO034 Dielectric Waveguide-Based THz Radiator Study for SwissFEL electron, experiment, radiation, FEL 94
 
  • L. Shi, S. Bettoni, M.M. Dehler, E. Ferrari, B. Hermann, R. Ischebeck, F. Marcellini, S. Reiche, V.G. Thominet
    PSI, Villigen PSI, Switzerland
  • A.K. Mittelbach
    Friedrich-Alexander Universität Erlangen-Nuernberg, University Erlangen-Nuernberg LFTE, Erlangen, Germany
 
  Funding: This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement No 701647
THz pulses have many unique properties in terms of radiation matter interaction. In particular their non-ionizing excitation of phonons in matter makes them a preferred pump for pump-probe studies at free electron lasers. In order to enrich the scientific potentials at SwissFEL (Swiss Free Electron Laser), which can provide ultrashort soft and hard X-ray pulses, we plan to build an economic THz radiator in the range of 1-20 THz by passing the spent electron beam through a dielectric lined tube after the electron beam has generated X-rays. These THz pulses will be transported to the photon user station. Since SwissFEL operates with 2 bunches, serving two beamlines, THz from the first bunch can be used at the user station of the second bunch to allow for pump arrival time before the probe. The core of such a THz generation setup is the dielectric lined tube and the relativistic electron beam. This paper reports on the numerical study of these tubes, in terms of mode structure, energy, pulse length etc, which are essential parameters for the pump-probe experiments. These tubes will be fabricated and tested in the near future in the electron beam line for the soft X-ray of SwissFEL.
 
slides icon Slides MOPO034 [1.471 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO034  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO035 Status of CLARA Front End Commissioning linac, laser, cathode, MMI 98
 
  • D. Angal-Kalinin, A.D. Brynes, S.R. Buckley, P.A. Corlett, L.S. Cowie, K.D. Dumbell, D.J. Dunning, P.C. Hornickel, F. Jackson, J.K. Jones, J.W. McKenzie, B.L. Militsyn, A.J. Moss, T.C.Q. Noakes, M.D. Roper, D.J. Scott, B.J.A. Shepherd, E.W. Snedden, N. Thompson, C. Tollervey, D.A. Walsh, T.M. Weston, A.E. Wheelhouse
    STFC/DL/ASTeC, Daresbury, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  • R.J. Cash, R.F. Clarke, G. Cox, C. Hodgkinson, R.J. Smith, J.T.G. Wilson
    STFC/DL, Daresbury, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  • K.D. Dumbell, B.J.A. Shepherd
    Cockcroft Institute, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
 
  CLARA (Compact Linear Accelerator for Research and Applications) is a Free Electron Laser (FEL) test facility under development at Daresbury Laboratory. The principal aim of CLARA is to test advanced FEL schemes which can later be implemented on existing and future short wavelength FELs. We report on the commissioning of the CLARA front end, consisting of a photoinjector and the first linac section, and merger into the existing VELA (Versatile Electron Linear Accelerator) beamline.  
slides icon Slides MOPO035 [1.870 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO035  
About • paper received ※ 11 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO064 O-Arm Mounted X-Band Linear Accelerator System for Radiotherapy linac, radiation, DSL, operation 142
 
  • S. Kim, Y.W. Choi, G.J. Kim, I.S. Kim, J.I. Kim, J.H. Lee, Y.S. Lee
    KERI, Changwon, Republic of Korea
  • J.H. Hwang, Y.N. Kang, A.R. Kim, J.N. Kim, T.G. Oh, Y.A. Oh, Y. J. Seol, J.S. Shin
    The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea
 
  Current advances in radiotherapy are based on the precise imaging techniques, and there is a pressing need for the development of techniques that are capable of visualizing cancer tissues in real time in conjunction with radiotherapy. Indeed, the image-guided radiotherapy systems in which conventional diagnostic tools such as CT and MRI are combined with the linear accelerator (LINAC)-based radiotherapy have been extensively studied. In this work, we mounted 9.3GHz X-band LINAC designed by KERI on the 360 degree-rotatable O-arm system, which allows efficient integration of a diagnostic tool with a radiotherapy equipment. After mounting, the X-ray profile and percentage depth dose were measured by following the quality assurance using the AAPM TG-51,142 protocol. The beam profile symmetry was estimated to be 102.4% with ±3% tolerance. The X-ray dose was also measured by rotating the O-arm to confirm the stability of the mounted X-band LINAC. As a result, the standard deviation of the X-ray dose was shown to be 0.016 while rotating. Therefore, we demonstrate the feasibility of our O-arm X-band LINAC system for use in highly effective radiotherapy with simultaneous CT image guidance.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO064  
About • paper received ※ 11 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO089 Design Details of the European Spallation Source Drift Tube LINAC DTL, interface, vacuum, linac 190
 
  • P. Mereu, M. Mezzano, C. Mingioni, M. Nenni
    INFN-Torino, Torino, Italy
  • G. Cibinetto
    INFN-Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy
  • F. Grespan, A. Pisent
    INFN/LNL, Legnaro (PD), Italy
 
  The Drift Tube Linac (DTL) of the European Spallation Source (ESS) is designed to operate at 352.2MHz with a duty cycle of 4% (3 ms pulse length, 14 Hz repetition period) and will accelerate a proton beam of 62.5mA pulse peak current from 3.62 to 90 MeV. This paper gives a detailed overview of the ESS-DTL current mechanical design, and the related driving criteria. It presents also an outlook of the main aspects of the assembly and installation, with related equipments, toolings and procedures.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO089  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO095 A Risk Based Approach to Improving Beam Availability at an Accelerator Facility experiment, operation, proton, factory 207
 
  • W.C. Barkley, M.J. Borden, R.W. Garnett, M.S. Gulley, E.L. Kerstiens, M. Pieck, D. Rees, F.E. Shelley, B.G. Smith
    LANL, Los Alamos, New Mexico, USA
 
  Funding: United States Department of Energy
This paper describes a risk-based approach to improving beam availability at an accelerator facility. Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE), like many other accelerator facilities, was built many years ago and has been re-purposed when new missions were adopted. Many of the upgrades to the accelerator and beamlines allowed improvements in the general area of the upgrade but large-scale, system-wide improvements were never accomplished. Because of this, the facility operates with a mix of old and new equipment of varying condition. Limited budgets have constrained spending for spares procurement making it vital to prioritize those items predicted to have the highest impact to availability, should they fail. A systematic approach is described where equipment is inventoried, condition assessed, rated for potential failure and finally compiled into a risk-based priority list.
 
poster icon Poster MOPO095 [0.332 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO095  
About • paper received ※ 21 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO101 LINAC-multitool - an Open Source Java-toolkit linac, cavity, MMI, simulation 217
 
  • M. Schwarz, D. Bade, J. Corbet, H. Podlech
    IAP, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
 
  Funding: Work supported by BMBF contr. No. 05P15RFRBA and HIC for FAIR
Dedicating more precious time to advanced research instead of spending it towards timeconsuming routine tasks is a desirable goal in particle accelerator simulation and development. Requirements engineering was started at IAP in order to identify routine processes at our institute’s R&D that can be automated or simplified. Results indicated that there were several areas to consider: Bead pull measurements, data processing and visualization for the beam dynamics code LORASR, CST field map processing for the use with TraceWin, conversion between different particle distribution data formats and more. Subsequently development of the LINAC-Multitool started to rationalize these processes and replace preexisting scripts also to ensure consistency of results and increase transparency and reliability of computation. In order to guarantee maintainability, expandability and platform independence, LINAC-Multitool is programmed using Java and will be open source. This contribution presents the current state of development.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO101  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO120 Improvement of the Linear Part in the Tuner System of ADS 25 MeV Linac linac, experiment, proton, cavity 250
 
  • L. Zhang, Z. Gao, L.B. Liu, F.F. Wang, B. Zhang
    IMP/CAS, Lanzhou, People’s Republic of China
 
  Tuner system is the indispensable part of ADS high current proton superconducting linac. It influences the working frequency of superconducting cavity of particle accelerator. To completely understand the working situa-tion of the tuner system and analyses the problems existing in it, experiments of linear part were fully conducted.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO120  
About • paper received ※ 09 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO022 Manufacturing of X-band Accelerating Structures: Metrology Analysis and Process Capability controls, collider, linear-collider, linac 374
 
  • J. Sauza-Bedolla, S. Atieh, N. Catalán Lasheras
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  The fabrication tolerances of RF components are essential for CLIC X-band accelerating structures to perform efficiently. On one hand, the capability of high power accelerating structures depends on the shape accuracy and the asperity of the inner surfaces, when microwaves pass through the cavity. On the other hand, surface flatness and dimensional tolerances are necessary to guarantee a correct assembly process. Hence, the discs that build up the structure require sub-micrometre specifications and, in order to meet all the needs, ultra-precision machining using single crystal diamond tools is mandatory. This paper shows the analysis of the metrology results of the fabrication of 118 discs (4 accelerating structures). Dimensional and form tolerances are studied following the production order to find drifts in the production and to predict the impact on the assembly process. Finally, process capability is evaluated.  
poster icon Poster TUPO022 [2.987 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO022  
About • paper received ※ 10 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO027 Series Production of the Specific Waveguide Distribution for the European XFEL at DESY cavity, cryomodule, FEL, ISOL 380
 
  • B. Yildirim, S. Choroba, V.V. Katalev, P. Morozov, Y. Nachtigal
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  • E.M. Apostolov
    Technical University of Sofia, Sofia, Bulgaria
 
  Series Production of the Specific Waveguide Distribution for the European XFEL at DESY B.Yildirim, S.Choroba, V.Katalev, P.Morozov, Y.Nachtigal, E.Apostolov The European XFEL uses 100 accelerating cryomodules. One RF station with 10 MW klystron supplies four cryomodules, each with eight cavities, through a waveguide distribution system. The RF station operates at 1.3 GHz, 1.37 ms pulse width and 10 Hz repetition rate. The results of the cryomodule test have shown however different maximum gradients for each cavity. The maximum gradient has been measured between 11 MV/m and 31 MV/m, which requires the cavity power from 29 kW to 230 kW. To operate with the maximum energy for every cryomodule, it is necessary to supply individual power to the cavity. In this case the weakest cavity problem can be avoided. For this goal a specific waveguide distribution has been developed. 100 waveguide distributions have been successfully tailored, produced and tested at the Waveguide Assembly Test Facility (WATF) at DESY and finally assembled to the cryomodules. We present the series production of the specific waveguide distributions at the WATF.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO027  
About • paper received ※ 06 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO057 Low-temperature Baking and Infusion Studies for High-gradient ILC SRF Cavities cavity, SRF, collider, linear-collider 466
 
  • M. Ge, P.N. Koufalis, G. Kulina, M. Liepe, J.T. Maniscalco
    Cornell University (CLASSE), Cornell Laboratory for Accelerator-Based Sciences and Education, Ithaca, New York, USA
 
  Low-temperature infusion has become a hot-topic in SRF researches recently. Past results show that low-temperature infusion can produce high quality factor at medium accelerating fields. Also, 75°C baking recently has been shown to improve accelerating gradients of SRF cavities. Hence these treatments are very promising for reducing cost of the ILC. In this work, we present latest results of low temperature infusion and baking, showing that these treatments can improve SRF cavities performance.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO057  
About • paper received ※ 19 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO113 Beam Dynamics Studies Through Dielectric THz Accelerating Structures simulation, vacuum, accelerating-gradient, linac 569
 
  • R. Apsimon, G. Burt, A.L. Healy, S.P. Jamison
    Cockcroft Institute, Lancaster University, Lancaster, United Kingdom
  • R.B. Appleby, E.J.H. Smith
    UMAN, Manchester, United Kingdom
  • A. Latina
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  As conventional RF accelerating schemes approach the physical limit of accelerating gradient, the accelerator community is increasingly looking at novel accelerating techniques to overcome these limitations. Moving from the RF to the THz frequency range, higher acceleration gradients of high energy beams can be achieved in compact structures. Beam dynamics studies are crucial as part of the design of novel accelerating structures to maximise the output beam current as well as the accelerating gradient. In this paper we present beam dynamics simulations through dielectric lined waveguide structures using novel techniques to simulate broadband signals for particle tracking studies in RF-Track. The beam parameters through the structure are optimised and we study the dynamics of general broadband accelerating structures.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO113  
About • paper received ※ 13 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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WE1A04 The High Power RF System for the European XFEL klystron, FEL, cavity, gun 601
 
  • S. Choroba
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  The presentation will be on the design, construction and commissioning of the high power RF system for the European XFEL. The RF system consists of 26 high power RF stations each capable of 10MW RF pulse power. It will report on the overall system layout, cover RF system components e.g. klystrons, modulators and high power RF waveguide distribution. It will also cover system modifications during construction phase and report on commissioning results.  
slides icon Slides WE1A04 [12.620 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-WE1A04  
About • paper received ※ 17 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO016 Investigation of 2D PBG Waveguides for THz Driven Acceleration acceleration, impedance, photon, electron 714
 
  • A. Vint, R. Letizia
    Cockcroft Institute, Lancaster University, Lancaster, United Kingdom
  • R. Letizia
    Lancaster University, Lancaster, United Kingdom
 
  Funding: Work supported by the STFC PhD Studentship
Novel accelerating techniques that overcome the limitations of conventional RF technology are receiving significant interest. Moving from RF to the THz frequency range, higher gradient of acceleration of high energy beams can be achieved in miniaturised structures. Moreover, with respect to the optical frequency range, the THz regime allows for larger structures and better beam quality to be obtained. In this paper, we investigate the use of a 2D photonic bandgap (PBG) waveguide for THz driven electron acceleration. In accelerator applications, the properties of PBG waveguides can be exploited to damp higher order modes and offer low-loss dielectric confinement at high frequency. In particular, 2D PBG waveguides offer a good compromise between manufacturability, total photonic bandgap confinement, and ease of parallel illumination. The structure here proposed is optimised for maximum bandgap and single mode operation. Dispersion characteristics of the accelerating mode are studied to achieve the best compromise between high accelerating field and effective accelerating bandwidth, given a ~10% bandwidth of the THz driving pulse.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO016  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO020 Dynamic Behavior of Electron Beam under Rf Field and Static Magnetic Field in Cyclotron Auto-resonance Accelerator electron, SRF, resonance, acceleration 725
 
  • Y.T. Yuan
    HUST, Wuhan, People’s Republic of China
  • K. Fan
    Huazhong University of Science and Technology, State Key Laboratory of Advanced Electromagnetic Engineering and Technology,, Hubei, People’s Republic of China
  • Y. Jiang
    Yale University, Beam Physics Laboratory, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
 
  Funding: the National Natural Science Foundation of China
The cyclotron auto-resonance accelerator (CARA) is a novel concept of accelerating continuous gyrating charged-particle beams to moderately or highly relativistic energies, which can be used as the high power microwave source and applied in environment improvement area, particularly in the flue gas pollution remediation. In CARA, the continuous-wave (CW) electron beam follows a gyrating trajectory while undergoing the interaction with the rotating TE-mode rf field and tapered static magnetic field. In the process of gyrating acceleration, the phase synchronization with the rf field is automatically maintained, so to speak, with auto-resonance. Simulation models are constructed to study the effect of rf field and static magnetic field on electron beam in CARA, where the beam energy, trajectory and velocity component are analysed. The simulation results match reasonably well with theoretical predication, which sets up a solid foundation for future designs of CARA.
 
poster icon Poster THPO020 [1.448 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO020  
About • paper received ※ 11 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO060 First RF Measurements of the 325 MHz Ladder RFQ rfq, linac, simulation, proton 826
 
  • M. Schuett, U. Ratzinger, M. Syha
    IAP, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
 
  Funding: BMBF 05P15RFRBA
Based on the positive results of the unmodulated 325 MHz Ladder-RFQ prototype from 2013 to 2016, we developed and designed a modulated 3.3 m Ladder-RFQ*. The unmodulated prototype Ladder-RFQ features a very constant voltage along the axis. The RFQ was high power tested at the GSI test stand. It accepted 3 times the RF power level needed in operation**. That level corresponds to a Kilpatrick factor of 3.1 with a pulse length of 200 µs. The 325 MHz RFQ is designed to accelerate protons from 95 keV to 3.0 MeV according to the design parameters of the proton linac within the FAIR project. This particular high frequency creates difficulties for a 4-ROD type RFQ, which triggered the development of a Ladder RFQ with its higher symmetry. The results of the unmodulated prototype have shown, that the Ladder-RFQ is a suitable candidate for that frequency. For the present design duty cycles are feasible up to 5%. The basic design and tendering of the RFQ has been successfully completed in 2016. Manufacturing will be completed in August 2018. We will show the the finalization of manufacturing as well as first low level RF measurements of the Ladder RFQ.
*Journal of Physics: Conf. Series 874 (2017) 012048
**Proceedings of LINAC2016, East Lansing, TUPLR053
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO060  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO109 A New Spherical Pulse Compressor Working with Degenerated "Whispering Gallery" Mode cavity, coupling, simulation, focusing 928
 
  • Z.B. Li, W. Fang, Q. Gu, Z.T. Zhao
    SINAP, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China
  • A. Grudiev
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  CLIC is focusing on the Compact Linear Collider. To obtain a relatively high accelerating gradient, CLIC utilizes Pulse Compressors to increase the input power of accelerators. This work is to make an alternative design for CLIC pulse compression scheme. There are several kinds of pulse compressor: SLED, BOC, SLED-Ⅱ, spherical pulse compressor and so on. Usually, a spherical cavity, including BOC, can offer a higher Q factor compared with a cylindrical cavity. This design utilizes a spherical cavity working with degenerated Whispering Gallery mode.  
slides icon Slides THPO109 [1.738 MB]  
poster icon Poster THPO109 [1.913 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO109  
About • paper received ※ 11 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO126 Compact H+ ECR Ion Source with Pulse Gas Valve ion-source, plasma, ECR, extraction 955
 
  • Y. Takeuchi, Y. Iwashita, H. Tongu
    Kyoto ICR, Uji, Kyoto, Japan
 
  We are developing a compact ECR H+ ion source with pulse gas valve. In the case of high current ion linac, the distance between the ion source and the first accelerating tube such as RFQ must be as short as possible to reduce the space charge effect, while operating in a high electric field a good vacuum condition is desirable. Since hydrogen gas always flows out from ion sources if the plasma chamber is filled with the gas, vacuum pumping systems have to evacuate the gas enough before the first accelerating tube. The pulse gas injection system achieved by a fast piezo gas valve can reduce the gas load on the vacuum evacuation system and is suitable for installing the ion source close to the RFQ.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO126  
About • paper received ※ 19 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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