Keyword: gun
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MO2A03 Technology Developments for ELI-NP Gamma Beam System laser, linac, electron, vacuum 13
 
  • L. Piersanti, D. Alesini, A. Battisti, M. Bellaveglia, S. Bini, F. Cardelli, R.D. Di Raddo, A. Falone, A. Gallo, V.L. Lollo, L. Pellegrino, S. Pioli, S. Tomassini, A. Variola
    INFN/LNF, Frascati (Roma), Italy
  • N. Beaugerard
    SEIV, Mérignac, France
  • K. Cassou, D. Douillet, K. Dupraz, T. Le Barillec, A. Martens, C.F. Ndiaye, Y. Peinaud, Z.F. Zomer
    LAL, Orsay, France
  • L. Ficcadenti, A. Mostacci, L. Palumbo, V. Pettinacci
    INFN-Roma, Roma, Italy
  • M. Migliorati
    INFN-Roma1, Rome, Italy
  • D.T. Palmer, L. Serafini
    Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Milano, Italy
  • H. Rocipon
    ALSYOM, Argebteuil, France
 
  ELI-NP gamma beam system (GBS) is a linac based gamma-source in construction in Magurele (RO) by the European consortium EuroGammaS led by INFN. Photons with tunable energy, from 0.2 to 19.5 MeV, and with intensity and brilliance beyond the state of the art, will be produced by Compton back-scattering between a high quality electron beam (up to 740 MeV) and an intense laser pulse at 100 Hz repetition rate. Production of very intense photon flux with narrow bandwidth requires multi-bunch operation and laser recirculation at the interaction point. In this paper, the main technological developments carried out by the EuroGammaS consortium for the generation of the ELI-NP gamma beam will be described with a special emphasis on the electron linac technology, such as: RF-gun and C-band accelerating structures design fabrication and tests; low level RF (LLRF) and synchronization systems specifications and development. Finally, the laser recirculation apparatus design is briefly described and first results reported.  
slides icon Slides MO2A03 [9.121 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MO2A03  
About • paper received ※ 11 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MO2A04 Compact SRF Linac for High Brilliance Inverse Compton Scattering Light Source electron, laser, brilliance, emittance 19
 
  • K.E. Deitrick, J.R. Delayen, G.A. Krafft, B. Terzić
    ODU, Norfolk, Virginia, USA
  • J.R. Delayen, G.A. Krafft
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
 
  New designs for compact SRF linacs can produce micron-size electron beams. These can can be used for inverse Compton scattering light sources of exceptional flux and brilliance.  
slides icon Slides MO2A04 [1.717 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MO2A04  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO004 Commissioning of the SRF Booster Cavity for LEReC cavity, booster, SRF, MMI 40
 
  • W. Xu, A.V. Fedotov, T. Hayes, D. Holmes, G.T. McIntyre, K. Mernick, S.K. Seberg, F. Severino, K.S. Smith, R. Than, Q. Wu, B. P. Xiao, T. Xin, A. Zaltsman
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
 
  Funding: This work is supported by Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC under Contract No. DE-AC02-98CH10886 with the U.S. DOE.
One important component for LEReC project is a 704 MHz booster cavity, which was modified from the BNL ERL 704 MHz SRF gun cavity. The major modifications include converting the upstream cathode transportation to a proper beam pipe, adding a HOM coaxial line HOM damper to the downstream, retracting FPC insertions, and improvement of cryomodule layout. In the past one and half year, tremendous work was completed: the cavity was modified and tested vertically, FPC were conditioned, and HOM damper were designed and conditioned, cryomodule was re-assembled. The booster cavity cryomodule was successfully commissioned in mid October, and it was moved to LEReC location at RHIC tunnel 2 O’clock early November. This paper will report the configuration of the new cryomodule and its commissioning results.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO004  
About • paper received ※ 22 August 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO007 The Developing of the Beam Injection Section with Laser Source and S-Band Electron RF Gun for SuperKEKB Project laser, electron, MMI, emittance 50
 
  • X. Zhou, Y. Ogawa, M. Yoshida, R. Zhang
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  For the beam injection at Linac Accelerator of the SuperKEKB project, the s-band RF gun needs to provide low-emittance high-charge electron bunches. An ultrashort high energy solid laser driving a cathode in a quasi-travelling side-coupled RF gun were developed. A Yb fiber and Nd:YAG hybrid laser amplify system is start with 114.24 MHz oscillator that synchronized from accelerator. Two beam lines with the 25Hz, ~20ps, and sub-mJ Ultraviolet pulses were generated to RF gun. Ir5Ce has long lifetime and quantum efficiency QE that was employed to cathode. The RF gun has two side coupled cavities on same axis can realize quasi-traveling wave, which is suitable for the high charge and low emittance beam generation. Now, great progress has been made to make the RF gun function well. For the Phase II commissioning, required charge and emittance were achieved.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO007  
About • paper received ※ 05 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO009 ELI-NP Gamma Beam System - Current Project Status laser, linac, electron, experiment 59
 
  • P.S. Tracz
    IFIN-HH, Bucharest - Magurele, Romania
 
  The Gamma Beam System at the ELI-NP under construction in Magurele/Bucharest Romania, aims at producing high brilliance gamma-rays based on the laser Compton back-scattering, up to 3.5 and 19.5 MeV out of two interaction chambers. The design of warm RF electron linac is optimized to meet the unique source specification i.e. high brilliance, small relative bandwidth, tunable energy, and high spectral density. Together with technological development in field of high energy/high quality lasers it will open new opportunities for nuclear physics research in fields like nuclear photonics, nuclear astrophysics, photo-fission, and production of exotic nuclei, applications in industry, medicine, and space science. S-band laser driven RF photo-gun and two accelerating structures constitute the injector. The beam is then accelerated by C-band linac up to 350MeV (low energy linac), and up to 720MeV (high energy linac). The GBS was designed and is being constructed by the EuroGammaS - a consortium of European academic and research institutions and industrial partners. This paper gives an overview of the facility, describes the main linac systems and summarizes the project status.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO009  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO010 JINR Photocathode Research: Status and Plans cathode, laser, electron, scattering 62
 
  • M.A. Nozdrin, N. Balalykin, J. Huran, V.F. Minashkin, G. Shirkov
    JINR, Dubna, Moscow Region, Russia
  • E. Gacheva, A. Poteomkin, V. Zelenogorsky
    IAP/RAS, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia
  • J. Huran
    Slovak Academy of Sciences, Institute of Electrical Engineering, Bratislava, Slovak Republic
 
  Photocathode research in the frame of the "transmission" photocathode conception (backside illuminated cathode based on a quartz/sapphire plate or a metal mesh which is a substrate for thin film made of a photomaterial) is being conducted in the Veksler and Baldin Laboratory of High Energy physics (LHEP) of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR). Status of the 30-kev DC Photogun test bench and recent results of the extremely thin carbon film based cathodes research are described. Progress in the full-scale photoinjector prototype (max electron energy of 400 keV) is given. Startup of the photoinjector was performed, 70 keV electrons were extracted (650 pC).  
poster icon Poster MOPO010 [1.564 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO010  
About • paper received ※ 11 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO018 Development of an Improved Capture Section for the S-DALINAC Injector* cavity, linac, electron, simulation 68
 
  • S. Weih, M. Arnold, J. Enders, N. Pietralla
    TU Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany
  • D.B. Bazyl, H. De Gersem, W.F.O. Müller
    TEMF, TU Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany
 
  For the injector of the superconducting Darmstadt electron linear accelerator S-DALINAC, the design of a new capture cavity was recently completed. This beta-reduced structure will optimize the capture of low-energy electron bunches from the gun section and therefore improve the longitudinal beam quality of the injector beam, as simulations have shown. The existing cryomodule of the injector has to be modified for the installation of the new cavity. These modifications include adaptions of the tuner frame as well as modifications of other surrounding parts. To improve the diagnostics in the low-energy section, an energy-spread measurement setup is currently also under development. In this contribution the cryomodule modifications as well as simulation results for the longitudinal beam dynamics are presented.
*Work supported by DFG through GRK 2128 "AccelencE"
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO018  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO020 Beam Dynamics Studies and Instrumentation Tests for Bunch Length Measurements at CLEAR experiment, electron, simulation, radiation 74
 
  • L. Garolfi, M. Bergamaschi, R. Corsini, A. Curcio, S. Döbert, W. Farabolini, D. Gamba, I. Gorgisyan
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • C. Bruni, P. Lepercq, H. Purwar, C. Vallerand
    LAL, Orsay, France
  • W. Farabolini
    CEA/DSM/IRFU, France
 
  A new CERN Linear Electron Accelerator for Research (named CLEAR) has been installed as a general-purpose user facility to study novel accelerating techniques, high-gradient structures, instrumentation and irradiation experiments. CLEAR is a flexible accelerator that can provide high quality bunched electron beams with a wide range of beam parameters up to an energy of 220 MeV, offering several testing capabilities. Among all the potential applications, novel accelerating techniques, such as plasma acceleration and THz generation are considered. These applications require shorter bunches, down to the 100 fs level. This paper reports on beam dynamics studies and instrumentation tests to establish a bunch length of this order in CLEAR. The short bunches are generated using adiabatic bunching in the first accelerating structure. For bunch length diagnostic CLEAR is equipped with a streak camera and a transverse deflecting cavity. Alternatively a phase-scan of the last accelerating structure could be used as well to estimate the bunch length. The experimental results with respect to these different techniques are presented and compared with simulations.  
slides icon Slides MOPO020 [0.864 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO020  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO027 Photocathode Laser Pulse Shaping for Improved Emittance laser, cathode, electron, emittance 84
 
  • M. Kotur, J. Andersson, J. Björklund Svensson, M. Brandin, F. Curbis, L. Isaksson, F. Lindau, R. Lindvall, E. Mansten, R. Svärd, S. Thorin, S. Werin
    MAX IV Laboratory, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
 
  We present a setup for producing and characterizing picosecond ultraviolet laser pulses for use in the MAX IV photocathode electron gun preinjector. Frequency-tripled laser pulses from a commercial laser system are shaped directly in the ultraviolet domain using a Fourier-domain pulse shaper. The pulses were characterized using a transitent grating FROG. We discuss a proposed upgrade of the pulse shaper, as well as its limitations.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO027  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO029 Physics design and dynamic simulation of a C-band photocathode electron gun for UEM electron, emittance, cathode, solenoid 90
 
  • T. Chen, W. Li, Y.J. Pei, Zh. X. Tang
    USTC/NSRL, Hefei, Anhui, People’s Republic of China
 
  For discovering structure at atomic scale and getting more details of chemical material and biological tissue, an ultrafast electron microscopy (UEM) has been developed and applied in plenty of subjects and studies. This paper described a C-band photocathode electron gun which will be working at 5712MHz to produce ultrashort electron beams with better dynamic parameters. The RF gun is using coaxial coupler to decrease the size of the gun and keep better symmetry of the field in the photocathode gun so that the beam emittance and energy spread can be reduce a lot. The photocathode rf gun will be a important part of the ultrafast electron microscopy (UEM). Using CST MWS and superfish code to simulate design the gun. After dynamic simulation, the beam parameters as the following: Energy is of 3MeV, Normal emittance of 0.12mm-mrad in boin direction, energy spread is of 5.8·10-4, which are better enough for an UEM.  
poster icon Poster MOPO029 [3.599 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO029  
About • paper received ※ 11 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO036 Status of the 10 MW MBKs during Commissioning of the European XFEL in DESY FEL, klystron, operation, cathode 102
 
  • V. Vogel (Fogel), L. Butkowski, A. Cherepenko, S. Choroba, J. Hartung
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  At present 26 RF stations for European XFEL are in operation. Each of the RF stations consists of a HV modulator located in a separate building on the DESY campus, up to 1600 m long 10 kV HV cables that connect the modulator and the HV pulse transformer located in the underground tunnel, 120kV, 3 m long HV cable connecting the HV pulse transformer and the connection module of the horizontal multi-beam klystron. Two RF stations of the injector have already achieved about 20000 hours of operation, RF stations of the XFEL bunch compressor area have operated up to 11000 hours and in the XFEL main linac up to 8000 hours. To increase the lifetime of the klystrons, we use a fast protection system (KLM) that is based on the comparison of the actual RF shape and the expected RF shape. In the case of a difference exceeding a certain margin, for example, in the case of RF breakdown in a klystron or RF breakdown in a waveguide system, the KLM quickly, shorter than 500 ns, switches off the input RF signal. Thus, it does prevents the vacuum level in the klystron worsen too much or it minimizes the RF overvoltage time at the output windows of the klystron in case of breakdown in waveguides.  
slides icon Slides MOPO036 [5.241 MB]  
poster icon Poster MOPO036 [0.658 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO036  
About • paper received ※ 05 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO037 SRF Gun Development at DESY cathode, cavity, SRF, laser 105
 
  • E. Vogel, S. Barbanotti, I. Hartl, K. Jensch, D. Klinke, D. Kostin, W.-D. Möller, M. Schmökel, J.K. Sekutowicz, S. Sievers, N. Steinhau-Kühl, A.A. Sulimov, J.H. Thie, H. Weise, L. Winkelmann, B. van der Horst
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  • J.A. Lorkiewicz, R. Nietubyć
    NCBJ, Świerk/Otwock, Poland
  • J. Smedley
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  • J. Teichert
    HZDR, Dresden, Germany
  • M. Wiencek
    IFJ-PAN, Kraków, Poland
 
  A future upgrade of the European XFEL (E-XFEL) foresees an additional cw operation mode increasing the flexibility in the photon beam time structure. This mode requires among others a cw operating photo injector. We believe that using an SRF gun is the preferred approach as the beam parameters of normal conducting pulsed guns can be potentially met by SRF guns operating cw. Since more than a decade DESY in collaboration with TJNAF, NCBJ, BNL, HZB and HZDR performs R&D to develop an all superconducting RF gun with a lead cathode. In the frame of E-XFEL cw upgrade feasibility studies, the SRF-gun R&D program gained more attention and support. Within the next few years we would like to demonstrate the performance of the all superconducting injector required for the E-XFEL upgrade. The selected approach offers advantages w.r.t. the cleanliness of the superconducting surface, but requires a complete disassembly of a cryostat and stripping the gun cavity in a clean room to exchange the cathode. Thus it is practical only when the life time of the cathode is at least several months. In this paper we present the actual status of the R&D program, next steps and the longer term plans.  
slides icon Slides MOPO037 [1.966 MB]  
poster icon Poster MOPO037 [3.774 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO037  
About • paper received ※ 11 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO058 Industrial Electron Linear Accelerator R&D in CIAE electron, radiation, linac, controls 124
 
  • J.H. Yang, Y. Yang, G. Yu, Z.Q. Zeng
    CIAE, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
  • Z.B. Zhu
    China Institute of Atomic Energy, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  Electron linear accelerator(E-LINAC)is a vital accelerator type for accelerator applications, which widely applied in industry, agriculture and medical industry. The paper introduces R&D of industrial E-LINAC in China Institute of Atomic Energy (CIAE) , including electron gun, modulator, accelerating tube, assembling and testing. Based on these R&D results, the GT series for non-destructive testing(NDT) and FZ series for irradiation processing are developed successfully. At present these E-LINACs play important roles in pressure vessel inspection, food preservation, sterilization and material modification, promoting the E-LINACs application as well as economic development in China.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO058  
About • paper received ※ 11 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO061 Beam Parameters Measurement of C-band 6 MeV Linear Electron Accelerator electron, controls, radiation, klystron 133
 
  • D.S. Yurov, A.S. Alimov, A.N. Ermakov, V.V. Khankin, N.V. Shvedunov, V.I. Shvedunov
    SINP MSU, Moscow, Russia
  • L. Ovchinnikova
    Laboratory of Electron Accelerators MSU, Ltd, Physics Department, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
  • A.S. Simonov
    LEA MSU, Moscow, Russia
 
  The new linear electron accelerator with beam energy varied in the range of 2-6 MeV with dual-energy option has been designed by Laboratory of Electron Accelerators MSU Ltd. Linac is based on compact high gradient stand-ing wave C-band accelerating structure fed by multi-beam klystron and is used in the cargo inspection and cancer therapy complexes. In the report, we present the results of electron beam parameters measurements at special stand.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO061  
About • paper received ※ 10 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO062 Linear Electron Accelerator for Radiation Technologies with Beam Parameters Varied in a Wide Range electron, operation, radiation, controls 136
 
  • V.V. Khankin, A.S. Alimov, A.N. Ermakov, A.N. Kamanin, A. Kurilik, N.I. Pakhomov, N.V. Shvedunov, V.I. Shvedunov, D.S. Yurov
    SINP MSU, Moscow, Russia
  • A. Kurilik
    LEA MSU, Moscow, Russia
  • I.V. Shvedunov, A.S. Simonov
    Federal State Unitary Enterprise, Laboratory of Electron Accelerators MSU, Ltd, Moscow, Russia
 
  We present the overview and beam parameters measurements results as well as the operational experience with the S-band pulsed linear electron accelerator with beam energy in the range of 5-10 MeV and maximum beam power of up to 15 kW. The possibility of adjusting the beam parameters in a wide range, provided by the design and control system of the accelerator, allows to use the accelerator in a wide variety of radiation technologies.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO062  
About • paper received ※ 07 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO063 Development of Side-coupled X-band Medical Linear Accelerator for Radiotherapy cavity, linac, electron, target 139
 
  • Y.S. Lee, Y.W. Choi, G.J. Kim, I.S. Kim, J.I. Kim, S. Kim, J.H. Lee
    KERI, Changwon, Republic of Korea
  • J.H. Hwang, Y.N. Kang, A.R. Kim, J.N. Kim, T.G. Oh, Y.A. Oh, Y. J. Seol, J.S. Shin
    The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea
 
  Recently, LINAC-based radiotherapy equipment are being developed by combining with imaging devices such as CT or MRI, so that it is possible to precisely focus high dose radiation on tumor tissues while minimizing the normal tissue damage. In order to place the diagnostic and treatment devices simultaneously in a confined space, constraints related to interference and volume between the subsystems must be considered. To meet these requirements, the size and weight of the LINAC system need to be reduced, which can be achieved by applying X-band technology. For the purpose of use in IMRT based on image guided radiotherapy, we developed a 9.3 GHz X-band medical LINAC using side-coupled structure. The LINAC is designed to have the accelerating field strength of 16.8 MV/m, and the beam current transmission efficiency of 26 % at the end of accelerating cell when the supplied RF power is at 1.7 MW. Therefore, it can accelerate the electron beam up to 6.2 MeV with having about 90 mA beam current. We plan to carry out the performance test using beam diagnostics system and X-ray measurement system, and the details of design and experimental results of LINAC will be described in this paper.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO063  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO115 CEBAF Photo Gun RF System FPGA, laser, operation, MMI 236
 
  • T. E. Plawski, R. Bachimanchi, M. Diaz, H. Higgins, C. Hovater, C.I. Mounts, D.J. Seidman
    JLab, Newport News, Virgina, USA
 
  Funding: Authored by JSA, LLC under U.S. DOE Contract DE-AC05- 06OR23177 and DE-SC0005264.
During the CEBAF 12 GeV Upgrade at Jefferson Lab, a fourth experimental hall, ’D’, was added to the existing three halls. To produce four beams and deliver them to all halls concurrently requires new frequencies and a new timing pattern of the electron bunches. Since a photo-gun is used to produce electron bunches, the gun’s drive laser pulses need to be synchronized with the required bunch rate frequencies of 499 MHz or 249.5 MHz. To meet these new operational requirements, the new LLRF system has been proposed. Very specific requirements (dual frequency operation) on one side and the simple RF drive mode operation on the other imply the use of a commercial off-the-shelf digital platform rather than a system typical for RF cavity field control. We have chosen the Texas Instruments FPGA board along with a high-speed 8-Channel, 14-Bit board, and a 4-Channel, 16-Bit board. The DAC board includes the clock generator for clocking ADCs, DACs and the FPGA. The complete Gun Laser LLRF system has been designed, built, and recently commissioned in the CEBAF Injector. This paper will detail the design and report on commissioning activities.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO115  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO002 Electron Gun for 100 MeV / 100 kW Linear Accelerator of Electrons as the Driver of Nuclear Subcritical Assembly Neutron Source electron, neutron, cathode, controls 323
 
  • M. Moisieienko, O. Bezditko, A. Mytsykov, A.Y. Zelinsky
    NSC/KIPT, Kharkov, Ukraine
 
  100 MeV / 100 kW linear electron accelerator of The "neutron source" nuclear subcritical assembly uses the 120 KW triode electron gun as the primary source of electrons. The gun is designed, manufactured and tested at IHEP, Beijing, China. At present, the gun is installed, tested. The maximum impulse current of the gun equal to 2 A. Under design operation, the impulse current of the gun equal to 0.55 A.The report describes the construction of a 120 kV triode electron gun, the results of testing and test operation.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO002  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO016 High Frequency RFQ Design and LEBT Matching for the CERN TwinEBIS Ion Source rfq, emittance, space-charge, MMI 358
 
  • V. Bencini, J.-B. Lallement, A.M. Lombardi, H. Pahl, J. Pitters, F.J.C. Wenander
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • M. Breitenfeldt
    AVO-ADAM, Meyrin, Switzerland
  • A.I. Pikin
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
 
  An Electron Beam Ion Source (EBIS) is being developed at CERN for production of highly charged ions, for instance fully stripped 12C. The focus has so far been on the electron gun design, aiming for a high current compression, which results in a rapid ionisation process and thereby high repetition rate. Initial commissioning tests of such an electron gun, the so-called MEDeGUN, have already been performed and we are now in the process of designing a multi-purpose ion extraction and diagnostics line. The Low Energy Beam Transport (LEBT) line will transport the ions into the downstream Radio Frequency Quadrupole (RFQ) with a nominal energy of 15 keV/u. The 750 MHz RFQ is designed to accelerate ions from 15 keV/u up to the final energy of 2.5 MeV/u. After the RFQ design was finalized and its acceptance calculated, the beam matching to the RFQ was studied, finding a set of parameters for the LEBT that maximize the transmission through the RFQ. Details of the RFQ design, of the LEBT matching procedure and its final results are illustrated in this paper.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO016  
About • paper received ※ 11 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO074 Design and Fabrication of KEK Superconducting RF Gun #2 cathode, SRF, cavity, niobium 510
 
  • T. Konomi, Y. Honda, E. Kako, Y. Kobayashi, S. Michizono, T. Miyajima, H. Sakai, K. Umemori, S. Yamaguchi, M. Yamamoto
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  Superconducting RF gun can realize high acceleration voltage and high beam repetition. KEK has been developing the 1.3 GHz elliptical type 1.5 cell superconducting RF gun to investigate fundamental performance. A surface cleaning method and tools are developed by using KEK SRFGUN #1 and high surface peak gradient 75 MV/m was achieved without field emission. SRFGUN #2 which equips the helium jacket and can be operated with electron beam was designed based on the SRFGUN #1. It can be operated with transmit type photocathode which include superconducting transparent material. The cathode plug is cooled by thermal conducting from the 2 K helium jacket and photocathode will be kept around 2K to maintain superconductivity. Bulk niobium photocathode plug and substrate will used for the fundamental performance test. In parallel, the photocathode deposition chamber for multi-alkali photocathode will be prepared.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO074  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO085 Modelling of Beam Parameters of RF Linac for GBS-ELI-NP linac, simulation, quadrupole, cathode 528
 
  • P.S. Tracz
    IFIN-HH, Bucharest - Magurele, Romania
 
  The Gamma Beam System at the ELI-NP (Extreme Light Infrastructure - Nuclear Physics) currently being constructed in Magurele/Bucharest, Romania will be a high-brilliance advanced source of gamma rays based on laser Compton back-scattering. For a successful operation of the GBS a high brightness low emittance electron beam is of crucial importance. The warm RF linac is designed in two stages - one with the beam up to 300 MeV, and another one about 720 MeV. The S-band photo-injector is combined with a C-band linac. The beam is transported by transfer lines to the interaction points. In this paper we report the results of computer simulations of the electron beam transport in the low energy linac and transfer line up to the low energy interaction point (IP1). The simulation model makes it possible to predict the beam parameters to be recuperated in case of failure of any magnetic or accelerating elements as well as it enables to determine the optimal parameters of replaced components. It will be used for the development of the Gamma Beam System in the future.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO085  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO088 Measurement of Diagnostics Response by RF Parameters for Hard X-ray Line in PAL-XFEL* FEL, diagnostics, linac, timing 531
 
  • H. Yang
    PAL, Pohang, Kyungbuk, Republic of Korea
 
  Funding: *This work is supported by MSIP, Korea.
PAL-XFEL is a hard x-ray (HX) and soft x-ray (SX) FEL machine to generate 2.5 - 15 keV FEL in the HX line and 0.28 - 1.2 keV FEL in the SX line. The HX line consists of an e-gun, a laser heater, S-band accelerators, an X-band linearizer, three bunch compressors (BC), and a dog-leg line. PAL-XFEL maintains the stable operation and FEL delivery with more than 98% availability due to machine stabilities including RF modules. In order to investigate the stable operation, we measure the diagnostics response for bunch charge monitors, energy beam position monitors, bunch length monitors, and a FEL intensity with a photon beam position monitor by RF parameters - RF amplitude and phase for an e-gun, accelerators, and a linearizer. In this paper, we present mainly corresponding RF parameters for e-beam and FEL jitters by this measurement and matrix analysis.
 
poster icon Poster TUPO088 [0.281 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO088  
About • paper received ※ 11 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO090 Electron-beam Matching to Solenoid Magnetic Field in a Klystron klystron, electron, solenoid, cathode 534
 
  • S.J. Park, Y.J. Park
    PAL, Pohang, Kyungbuk, Republic of Korea
  • J.H. Hwang, S.-G. Shin
    POSTECH, Pohang, Kyungbuk, Republic of Korea
  • S.Y. Hyun, D.H. Yu
    Vitzrotech Co., Ltd., Ansan City, Kyunggi-Do, Republic of Korea
 
  Funding: The work was supported by the National R&D Program (grant number: 2016R1A6B2A01016828) through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT, Korea.
High-power klystrons for particle accelerators employ high-perveance electron guns which are usually focused by Solenoid magnets. The electron beam should be optically matched to the downstream magnetic field to prevent the beam from scalloping. The task usually requires a series of computer simulations with many design parameters, and therefore requires extensive(sometimes exhaustive) efforts if not aided by a priori experiences. In order to alleviate the difficulties we have developed a matching procedure which is systematic and reliable. In this article we describe the procedure with an example design of a 400-kV 500-A electron beam with radius 8 - 11 mm.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO090  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO093 Excitation of Millimeter Wavelength Cavity Structure cavity, cathode, simulation, focusing 543
 
  • M.V. Arsentyeva
    NSU, Novosibirsk, Russia
  • A.M. Barnyakov, A.E. Levichev, D.A. Nikiforov
    BINP SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia
 
  Excitation of millimeter wavelength cavity structure In this work excitation of W-band structure is studied. The structure consists of cylindrical cavities with the operating frequency of about 96 GHz. We plan to excite the structure by short bunches from the photocathode RF gun. In order to choose structure geometry and beam duration, we performed estimations and simulations; induced voltage was also estimated. Taking into account feasible parameters of the photocathode RF gun such as beam size and emittance, we studied exciting beam transverse dynamics to define its other characteristics (energy and charge). To lead the beam from the whole structure, focusing is needed. After estimation of required magnetic field, we considered possibility of focusing with help of permanent magnets.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO093  
About • paper received ※ 10 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO097 Design of C-band Electron Linear Accelerator for a Complex of Radiation Therapy electron, target, radiation, controls 550
 
  • L. Ovchinnikova, V.I. Shvedunov
    SINP MSU, Moscow, Russia
  • L. Ovchinnikova, V.I. Shvedunov
    LEA MSU, Moscow, Russia
 
  Funding: This material is based upon work supported by the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, under Grant Agreement No. 14.582.21.0011, Grant Agreement Unique ID RFMEFI58217X0011.
The report presents the design of the linear electron accelerator for a complex of radiation therapy. The three-electrode electron gun and C-band accelerating structure are optimised to produce a therapeutic electron beam with an energy of 6 MeV and a dose rate of 10 Gy/min and a beam with an energy of 2.5 MeV to obtain a portal image. The beam size at the bremsstrahlung target in both modes does not exceed 2 mm. The total length of the accelerating system with the electron gun does not exceed 330 mm. The accelerating structure is fed by RF power from a multibeam klystron at a frequency of 5,712 MHz with a maximum pulsed power of 3.5 MW.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO097  
About • paper received ※ 10 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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WE1A03 Latest Results of CW 100 mA Electron RF Gun for Novosibirsk ERL Based FEL cavity, cathode, radiation, electron 598
 
  • V. Volkov, V.S. Arbuzov, E. Kenzhebulatov, E.I. Kolobanov, A.A. Kondakov, E.V. Kozyrev, S.A. Krutikhin, I.V. Kuptsov, G.Y. Kurkin, S.V. Motygin, A.A. Murasev, V.K. Ovchar, V.M. Petrov, A.M. Pilan, V.V. Repkov, M.A. Scheglov, I.K. Sedlyarov, S.S. Serednyakov, O.A. Shevchenko, S.V. Tararyshkin, A.G. Tribendis, N.A. Vinokurov
    BINP SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia
 
  Continuous wave (CW) 100 mA electron rf gun for injecting high-quality 300-400 keV electron beam to the Energy Recovery Linac (ERL) driving the Novosibirsk Free Electron Laser (FEL) was developed, built, and commissioned in a diagnostics beam line. The rf gun consists of normal conducting 90 MHz rf cavity with a gridded thermionic cathode unit. Tests of the rf gun confirmed its design performance in strict accordance with numerical simulations. The gun was tested up to the design specifications at a test bench that includes a diagnostics beam line. The design features of different components of the rf gun are presented. The commissioning experience is discussed. The latest beam results are reported.  
slides icon Slides WE1A03 [2.829 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-WE1A03  
About • paper received ※ 14 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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WE1A04 The High Power RF System for the European XFEL klystron, FEL, cavity, GUI 601
 
  • S. Choroba
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  The presentation will be on the design, construction and commissioning of the high power RF system for the European XFEL. The RF system consists of 26 high power RF stations each capable of 10MW RF pulse power. It will report on the overall system layout, cover RF system components e.g. klystrons, modulators and high power RF waveguide distribution. It will also cover system modifications during construction phase and report on commissioning results.  
slides icon Slides WE1A04 [12.620 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-WE1A04  
About • paper received ※ 17 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO005 High Aspect Ratio Beam Generation with the Phase-space Rotation Technique for Linear Colliders emittance, collider, linear-collider, simulation 685
 
  • M. Kuriki
    HU/AdSM, Higashi-Hiroshima, Japan
  • H. Hayano, X.J. Jin, T. Konomi, Y. Seimiya, N. Yamamoto
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • S. Kashiwagi
    Tohoku University, Research Center for Electron Photon Science, Sendai, Japan
  • P. Piot
    Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, Illinois, USA
  • J.G. Power
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois, USA
  • K. Sakaue
    Waseda University, Waseda Institute for Advanced Study, Tokyo, Japan
  • M. Washio
    RISE, Tokyo, Japan
  • H.W. Zhao
    IMP/CAS, Lanzhou, People’s Republic of China
 
  Funding: This work is partly supported by Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B) and US-Japan Science and Technology Cooperation Program in High Energy Physics.
Linear colliders is the only way to realize e+ e collision at higher energy beyond the limit of ring colliders by the huge synchrotron radiation energy loss. In the linear collider, the beam current should be much smaller comparing to the ring collider to save the required electricity. A way to realize an enough luminosity with the small beam current and less energy spread by Beamstrahlung, is collision in flat beam. This high aspect ratio beam can be made by phase-space rotation technique instead of the conventional way with DR (Damping Ring). We present a simulation of this technique and pilot experiments at KEK-STF and ANL WFA.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO005  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO093 Status and Results Obtained on a RF Conditioning Test Bench for 704 MHz Couplers in the Frame of ESS Project klystron, status, high-voltage, cathode 895
 
  • S. Sierra, Y. Amal, Ch.L. Lievin, I. Yao Leclerc
    TED, Velizy-Villacoublay, France
  • M.E. Chahbazian, J.G. DeOliveira, A.G. Goeury, L.J. Nennig, S.P. Petitjean
    GERAC Thales, Le Barp, France
 
  Thales and Gerac are developing a test bench able to make the RF conditioning of the Fundamental Power Couplers at 704 MHz in the frame of the ESS project for CEA. The status of the developments of the test bench is described including the modulator, klystron and all relative equipments. The paper will also describes the results obtained at the date of presentation.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO093  
About • paper received ※ 10 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO096 Design Study of a High Efficiency Klystron for SuperKEKB Linac klystron, cavity, simulation, linac 901
 
  • F. Qiu, S. Fukuda, S. Matsumoto, T. Matsumoto, T. Miura, T. Natsui
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  The injector linear accelerator (linac) for the SuperKEKB particle accelerator requires a higher efficiency klystron than the currently used 50 MW, S-band, pulsed unit (PV3050/E3730), which operates at the same voltage, to increase the power redundancy. The efficiency is expected to improve from the currently observed 45% to more than 60%. We propose a type of high efficiency klystron using novel bunching mechanisms. The 1-D disk model based code is used for preliminary optimization of the tube parameters; these parameters are further checked by 2-D codes known as field charge interaction (FCI) and MAGIC. In this paper, the design consideration of the high efficiency klystron is presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO096  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO116 Space-Charge Dominated Photoemission in High Gradient Photocathode RF Guns cathode, space-charge, laser, emittance 941
 
  • Y. Chen, P. Boonpornprasert, J.D. Good, M. Groß, H. Huck, I.I. Isaev, D.K. Kalantaryan, C. Koschitzki, M. Krasilnikov, O. Lishilin, G. Loisch, D. Melkumyan, R. Niemczyk, A. Oppelt, H.J. Qian, Y. Renier, F. Stephan
    DESY Zeuthen, Zeuthen, Germany
  • H. Chen, Y. C. Du, W.-H. Huang, C.-X. Tang, Q.L. Tian, L.X. Yan
    TUB, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
  • H. De Gersem, E. Gjonaj
    TEMF, TU Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany
  • M. Dohlus
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  • S. A. Schmid
    Institut Theorie Elektromagnetischer Felder, TU Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany
 
  The cathode emission physics plays a crucial role in the overall beam dynamics in the gun. Interplays between intricate emission mechanisms in the cathode vicinity strongly influence the cathode quantum efficiency (QE) and the intrinsic emittance. The presence of strong space-charge effects in high gradient RF guns further complicates the emission process. A proper modeling of photoemission and a careful treatment of the space-charge contribution is thus of great necessity to understanding the formation of the beam slice emittance. In this article, emission measurements are carried out using the L-band cesium-telluride photocathode RF gun at the Photo Injector Test Facility at DESY in Zeuthen (PITZ) and the S-band copper photocathode RF gun at Tsinghua University. Following the Dowell model a simple so-called space-charge iteration approach is developed and used to determine the QE through temporal and spatial-dependent electromagnetic fields. An impact of the space-charge cooling on the thermal emittance is presented. Measurement data are shown and discussed in comparisons to preliminary simulation results.  
slides icon Slides THPO116 [6.249 MB]  
poster icon Poster THPO116 [3.157 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO116  
About • paper received ※ 11 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO118 Beam Transverse Coupling and 4D Emittance Measurement Simulation Studies for PITZ emittance, quadrupole, coupling, simulation 945
 
  • Q.T. Zhao, M. Krasilnikov, H.J. Qian, F. Stephan
    DESY Zeuthen, Zeuthen, Germany
  • Q.T. Zhao
    IMP/CAS, Lanzhou, People’s Republic of China
 
  The Photo Injector Test Facility at DESY, Zeuthen site (PITZ) was built to test and optimize high brightness electron sources for Free Electron Lasers (FELs) like FLASH and the European XFEL. Although the beam emittance has been optimized and experimentally demonstrated to meet the requirements of FLASH and XFEL, transverse beam asymmetries were observed during operation of the RF guns. Based on previous studies [1], the beam asymmetries most probably stem from beam transverse coupling by quadrupole field errors in the gun section. A pair of normal and skew gun quadrupoles was successfully used for reducing the beam asymmetries in experiment. In this paper, we discuss the beam transverse coupling between X and Y planes due to quadrupole field errors and its impact onto horizontal and vertical rms emittance. Multi-quads scan and two quads with rotated slits scan were proposed to measure the 4D beam matrix for PITZ and tested by simulation, which will give the residual beam coupling after gun quadrupoles compensation and would be helpful for minimizing the 2D rms emittance experimentally.  
poster icon Poster THPO118 [1.521 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO118  
About • paper received ※ 08 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO124 Design of Pulsed HV and RF Combined Gun System Using Gridded Thermionic-Cathode emittance, cavity, electron, cathode 949
 
  • T. Asaka, H. Tanaka
    RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo, Japan
  • Y. Otake
    JASRI, Hyogo, Japan
  • T. Taniuchi
    JASRI/SPring-8, Hyogo-ken, Japan
 
  In recent state-of -arts accelerators like an X-ray free electron laser, the electron beam performance of a linear accelerator demands a low emittance of ~ 2mm mrad. To obtain the low-emittance, such a 500kV thermionic-gun at SACLA and a photocathode rf gun generating 0.5~1MeV electron beams had been developed. Although the photocathode rf gun is compact, it is necessary to prepare a highly stabilized, large and complicated laser system. The 500-kV thermionic-gun of SACLA injector has also to prepare a technically difficult and large high voltage system. Hence, we propose a low-emittance gun system with a low-voltage and grid-loaded 50kV thermionic gun and a 238MHz rf cavity to overcome the complicated difficulty, as extension of the established technology. This system quickly accelerates the electron up to 500keV to preserve the low emittance and to cancel a grid focusing effect by the space charge force of the beam. By using a particle tracking code, we obtained the optimum voltage parameters of the grid and the 238MHz rf for obtaining the above-mentioned low emittance. In this paper, we present a numerical feasibility study to realize the low-emittance gun system.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO124  
About • paper received ※ 10 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO125 Runing Status of SRF Gun II at the ELBE Radiation Center SRF, cathode, laser, operation 952
 
  • R. Xiang, A. Arnold, P.N. Lu, P. Murcek, J.S. Schaber, J. Teichert, H. Vennekate, P.Z. Zwartek
    HZDR, Dresden, Germany
 
  Funding: The work is supported by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) grant 05K12CR1 and the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) grant XI106/2-1.
As a new electron source with higher brilliance, the second version of the superconducting RF photoinjector (SRF Gun II) has been successfully commissioned at the ELBE Center for High-Power Radiation Sources since 2014. SRF Gun II features an improved 3.5-cell niobium cavity as well as a superconducting solenoid in the same cryomodule. For user operation the SRF Gun II with Mg photocathode successfully generated stable beam with bunch charges up to 200 pC in CW mode, and with sub-ps bunch length. In this presentation the gun’s status and beam parameters will be presented.
 
poster icon Poster THPO125 [1.520 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO125  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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