Keyword: rfq
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MO1A01 CSNS Front End and Linac Commissioning linac, MMI, DTL, cavity 1
 
  • S. Fu, H.C. Liu, H.F. Ouyang, S. Wang
    IHEP, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
  • J. Li, J. Peng
    CSNS, Guangdong Province, People’s Republic of China
 
  The China Spallation Neutron Source(CSNS) accelera-tor systems is designed to deliver a 1.6GeV, 100kW proton beam to a solid metal target for neutron scattering research. The accelerator consists of a front end, an 80MeV DTL linac, and a 1.6GeV Rapid Cycling Syn-chrotron (RCS). In August 2017 the first 1.6GeV proton beam hit on the tungsten target and production neutrons were monitored. This paper will report the major steps and results of the machine commissioning and beam commissioning of the CSNS front end and linac. In the first section, a brief introduction of the CSNS accelerator design and present status will be presented. Then, we will share our commissioning experience in the front end and the DTL linac in the following sections.  
slides icon Slides MO1A01 [9.123 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MO1A01  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MO1P02 Approaches to High Power Operation of J-PARC Accelerator linac, operation, ion-source, cavity 29
 
  • H. Oguri
    JAEA/J-PARC, Tokai-mura, Japan
 
  Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) accelerators have been having over 10 years of operation experience. In 2006, the J-PARC linac started beam operation with an energy of 181 MeV. To realize the nominal performance of 1 MW at 3 GeV Rapid Cycling Synchrotron (RCS) and 0.75 MW at a 30 GeV Main Ring synchrotron (MR), the linac energy was upgrade to 400 MeV by adding an annular-ring coupled structure linac, and the beam current was also upgraded from 30 to 50 mA by replacing a new ion source and an RFQ. After the upgrade, the RCS demonstrated 1MW equivalent beam operation and currently operates 400 kW for the Material and Life Science Facility. The MR beam power is increasing and becomes about 480 kW beam to the Neutrino Facility and about 50 kW at the Hadron Experimental Facility. Further upgrade plan of 1.5 MW beam power from the RCS is now in consideration. To achieve the plan, it is necessary to increase by about 20 % both beam current and pulse length at the linac. The detail process in the past upgrade and the possibility for further upgrade at the linac will be presented in this talk.  
slides icon Slides MO1P02 [5.595 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MO1P02  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO082 Commissioning Status of the Linac for the iBNCT Project neutron, operation, target, DTL 174
 
  • M. Sato, Z. Fang, M.K. Fukuda, Y. Fukui, K. Futatsukawa, Y. Honda, K. Ikegami, H. Kobayashi, C. Kubota, T. Kurihara, T. Miura, T. Miyajima, F. Naito, K. Nanmo, T. Obina, T. Shibata, T. Sugimura, A. Takagi, E. Takasaki
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • K. Hasegawa
    JAEA, Ibaraki-ken, Japan
  • H. Kumada, Y. Matsumoto, Su. Tanaka
    Tsukuba University, Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, Ibaraki, Japan
  • N. Nagura, T. Ohba
    Nippon Advanced Technology Co., Ltd., Tokai, Japan
  • T. Onishi
    Tsukuba University, Ibaraki, Japan
  • T. Ouchi, H. Sakurayama
    ATOX, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  Boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) is one of the particle-beam therapies which use secondary products from a neutron capture on boron medicaments implanted into cancer cells. This has been originally studied with neutrons from nuclear reactors, meanwhile, many activities have been recently projected with accelerator-based neutron generation. In the iBNCT (Ibaraki BNCT) project, the accelerator is consisted with a radio frequency quadrupole (RFQ) and an Alvarez type drift-tube linac (DTL). Protons extracted from an ion source are accelerated up to 3 MeV and 8 MeV, respectively, and bombarded onto a beryllium target to generate neutrons. The design of the linac is based on the J-PARC one, but the most significant difference is the higher duty factor to have a sufficient epithermal neutron flux for BNCT. We have started the commissioning from the end of 2016, and the beam current of 1.3 mA with a repetition of 50 Hz has been achieved with an acceptable stability. Further beam commissioning and reinforcement of the vacuum and cooling water system will be performed toward higher beam current. In this contribution, the current status and future prospects of the linac will be presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO082  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO087 Cold Test of Hybrid RFQ Prototype quadrupole, cavity, simulation, DTL 184
 
  • P.Y. Yu, Y. He, C.X. Li, F.F. Wang, Z.J. Wang, B. Zhang
    IMP/CAS, Lanzhou, People’s Republic of China
 
  Hybrid RFQ is proposed as a potential good choice at the low-energy range of linear accelerator, which is combined by four-vane RFQ structure and CH-DTL structure. It has higher energy gain rate compared to conventional RFQ, and it is more compact than traditional DTL. In order to research on process exploration and RF parameters of this structure, an aluminium prototype is developed. The cold test of Hybrid RFQ prototype is completed. This paper will present the results and analysis of the test.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO087  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO090 Measurements of the First Room Temperature CH Cavity for MYRRHA at IAP Frankfurt cavity, resonance, simulation, status 193
 
  • K. Kümpel, S. Lamprecht, P. Müller, N.F. Petry, H. Podlech, S. Zimmermann
    IAP, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
 
  Funding: This work has been supported by MYRTE which is funded by the European Commission under Project-ID 662186.
The MYRRHA (Multi-purpose hYbrid Research Reactor for High-tech Applications) Project is a planned accelerator driven system (ADS) for the transmutation of long-living radioactive waste. A critical passage for the beam quality and especially for the emittance is the injector, which for the MYRRHA project consists of a 4-Rod RFQ, two Quarter Wave Rebunchers (QWR) and a total of 16 normal conducting CH-DTL cavities. The first installment of the MYRRHA injector in Louvein-La-Neuve (Belgium) will include an ion source, a RFQ, the QWRs and the first seven CH DTL cavities. This paper will report on the status of the low level tests on CHs 1 and 2 as well as on further developments on CHs 8-15.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO090  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO092 A 3-gap Booster Cavity to Match Ion Source Potential to RFQ Acceptance booster, ISAC, space-charge, bunching 196
 
  • R.E. Laxdal, Z.T. Ang, T. Au, S. Kiy, S.D. Rädel, O. Shelbaya, V. Zvyagintsev
    TRIUMF, Vancouver, Canada
 
  The ISAC RFQ can accelerate ions with A/Q ration from 1 to 30 and requires an input energy of 2.04keV/u. The harsh environment of the ISAC on-line ISOL target facility makes it difficult to meet the energy for the heaviest masses. For these cases we have designed and installed a short three gap device that accelerates the beams produced at source potential to match the required energy for RFQ acceptance. The booster cavity operates at 11.7MHz, the RF frequency of the pre-buncher. The device can also be used as a second buncher to augment the acceptance in the RFQ or to improve the acceptance of higher space charge beams. The device will be described and the results of beam measurements will be given.  
slides icon Slides MOPO092 [7.627 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO092  
About • paper received ※ 14 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO094 RF Stability Test of RFQ Cavity with Prototype Low-level Radio Frequency in RAON LLRF, cavity, controls, experiment 204
 
  • D.Y. Lee, B.H. Choi, C.O. Choi, H. Jang, H.C. Jung, K.T. Son
    IBS, Daejeon, Republic of Korea
 
  RAON is a heavy ion accelerator of the Institute for Basic Sciences (IBS) in Korea. The prototype Low-Level Radio Frequency (LLRF) operated at 81.25 MHz has been designed and fabricated for a prototype Radio Fre-quency Quadrupole (RFQ) cavity in RAON. Stabilities of ±1 % in amplitude and ±1 degree in phase are required for specifications of the RFQ system. The prototype LLRF controls the RF amplitude and phase in the cavity by PID feedback loop. The prototype LLRF has been tested with one RFQ cavity and stabilities have been measured. In this paper, we present the design and results of stability test.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO094  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO096 Realistic Modeling of MEBT for the New LANSCE RFQ Injector DTL, emittance, quadrupole, proton 211
 
  • S.S. Kurennoy
    LANL, Los Alamos, New Mexico, USA
 
  The new RFQ-based proton injector at LANSCE requires a specialized medium-energy beam transfer (MEBT) after the RFQ at 750 keV due to a following long (~3 m) existing common transfer line that also transports H beams to the DTL entrance. The horizontal space for MEBT elements is limited because two beam lines merge at 18-degree angle. The MEBT includes two compact quarter-wave RF bunchers and four short quadrupoles with steerers, all within the length of about 1 m. The beam size in the MEBT is large, comparable to the beam-pipe aperture, hence non-linear 3D fields at large radii and field-overlap effects become important. With CST Studio codes, we calculate buncher RF fields and quadrupole and steerer magnetic fields, and use them for particle-in-cell beam dynamics modeling of MEBT with realistic beam distributions from the RFQ. Our results indicate significant emittance growth in MEBT not predicted by the standard beam dynamics codes. Its origin is traced mainly to the quadrupole edge fields; the buncher RF fields also contribute noticeably. Proposed design modifications improve the MEBT performance.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO096  
About • paper received ※ 10 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO100 Doubly Stripped Proton Causing Vacuum Leak at Brookhaven 200 MeV H linac Complex proton, linac, ion-source, dipole 214
 
  • D. Raparia, G. Atoian, T. Lehn, V. LoDestro, M. Mapes, A. McNerney, J. Ritter, A. Zelenski
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
 
  Doubly stripped H in the low energy beam transport are capture 180 degree apart in the RF of RFQ and accelerated to the full energies. These protons are bend in the opposite direction of H after the 200 MeV drift tube linac and caused vacuum leak. A new beam dump for these stripped protons is planned  
poster icon Poster MOPO100 [4.781 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO100  
About • paper received ※ 11 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO132 The 7 MeV APF DTL for Proton Therapy DTL, proton, simulation, acceleration 277
 
  • X.C. Xie, D.M. Li, X. Li, Y.H. Pu, J. Qiao, M.H. Zhao, Z.T. Zhao
    SINAP, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China
  • Y.H. Pu, X.C. Xie, F. Yang
    Shanghai APACTRON Particle Equipment Company Limited, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China
 
  Funding: This work is fund by Ministry of Science and Technology of the People’s Repulic of China, under Grant Number 2016YFC0105408
A 7MeV alternating phase focused (APF) drift tube linear (DTL) for proton therapy has been designed, and a design code has been developed based on a sinusoidal synchronous phase formula and a linearly increasing electrode voltage assumption. The design procedure includes the radio frequency quadrupole (RFQ) to drift tube linac (DTL) matching, and end-to-end simulation that conducted by Trace Win. Moreover, a cutting method has been performed to correct the integral electric field deviation of RF gaps.
 
slides icon Slides MOPO132 [4.219 MB]  
poster icon Poster MOPO132 [2.604 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO132  
About • paper received ※ 20 August 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TU2A04 Progress Report on LIPAC MMI, linac, SRF, cavity 308
 
  • M. Sugimoto, T. Akagi, T. Ebisawa, Y. Hirata, R. Ichimiya, A. Kasugai, K. Kondo, S. Maebara, K. Sakamoto, T. Shinya
    QST, Aomori, Japan
  • P. Abbon, N. Bazin, B. Bolzon, N. Chauvin, S. Chel, R. Gobin, J. Marroncle, B. Renard
    CEA/IRFU, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • L. Antoniazzi, L. Bellan, D. Bortolato, M. Comunian, E. Fagotti, F. Grespan, M. Montis, A. Palmieri, A. Pisent, F. Scantamburlo
    INFN/LNL, Legnaro (PD), Italy
  • P.-Y. Beauvais, H. Dzitko, D. Gex, R. Heidinger, A. Jokinen, I. Moya, G. Phillips
    Fusion for Energy, Garching, Germany
  • P. Cara
    IFMIF/EVEDA, Rokkasho, Japan
  • D. Gavela, D. Jiménez-Rey, I. Kirpitchev, J. Mollá, P. Méndez, I. Podadera, D. Regidor, R. Varela, M. Weber
    CIEMAT, Madrid, Spain
  • J. Knaster
    F4E, Barcelona, Spain
  • G. Pruneri
    Consorzio RFX, Associazione Euratom-ENEA sulla Fusione, Padova, Italy
 
  International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility (IFMIF) is the neutron source for simulating fusion reactor environment using two 40 MeV/125 mA CW D+ beams. LIPAc facility is under construction in Rokkasho for validating 9 MeV/125 mA CW linac technology as a prototype of the IFMIF accelerator. Commissioning of 5 MeV CW RFQ is underway after the completion of installation of RFQ, MEBT, diagnostic plate. low power beam dump, RF power system and their auxiliaries. As the first step, high power RF conditioning is planned to complete in early 2018 and beam commissioning will start with stepwise approach at the same time. The status of LIPAc construction for preparing 9 MeV acceleration and results of RFQ beam commissioning are presented.  
slides icon Slides TU2A04 [9.651 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TU2A04  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO003 Development of CW Heavy Ion Linac at IMP DTL, linac, MMI, cavity 326
 
  • X. Yin, H. Du, Y. He, Q.Y. Kong, X.N. Li, Z.S. Li, L.Z. Ma, J. Meng, C. Qian, L.T. Sun, K.D. Wang, J.X. Wu, J.W. Xia, W.J. Xie, Z. Xu, Y.Q. Yang, Q.G. Yao, Y.J. Yuan, W. Zhang, X.Z. Zhang, Y. Zhang, H.W. Zhao, Z.Z. Zhou
    IMP/CAS, Lanzhou, People’s Republic of China
  • J.E. Chen, S.L. Gao, G. Liu, Y.R. Lu, Z. Wang, X.Q. Yan, K. Zhu
    PKU, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  A new heavy ion linac as the injector for the Separated Sector Cyclotron (SSC), named SSC-Linac[1], is being under constructed at the national laboratory Heavy Ion Research Facility in Lanzhou (HIRFL). The SSC-Linac mainly consists of a 4-rod RFQ and three IH-DTL cavities which can accelerate ion of A⁄q≤7from 3.73 keV/u to 1.025 MeV/u. Both of themoperating at 53.667MHz had been developed. In the commissioning, ions weresuccessfully accelerated to 0.295MeV/u by IH-DTL1. The beam commissioningof the IH-DTL2 which can accelerate the ion to 0.586MeV/u will come soon. In this paper, the recent R&D progress of the SSC-Linac including the development of key components and the beam commissioning results arepresented.  
slides icon Slides TUPO003 [7.335 MB]  
poster icon Poster TUPO003 [0.810 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO003  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO005 Initial Beam Commissioning of LEAF at IMP emittance, MMI, ECR, acceleration 332
 
  • Y. Yang, W.P. Dou, X. Fang, Y.H. Guo, H. Jia, L. Jing, X.J. Liu, L. Lu, W. Lu, W. Ma, L.T. Sun, L.P. Sun, W. Wei, H.W. Zhao, Y.H. Zhai
    IMP/CAS, Lanzhou, People’s Republic of China
 
  A Low Energy intense-highly-charged ion Accelerator Facility (LEAF), which mainly includes an ECR ion source, LEBT and an 81.25 MHz RFQ, was designed to produce and accelerate heavy ions, from helium to uranium with A/Q between 2 and 7, to the energy of 0.5 MeV/u. The typical beam intensity is designed up to 2 emA CW for the uranium beam. The facility has been successfully commissioned with He+ (A/Q=4) and N2+ (A/Q=7) beams and accelerated the beams in the CW regime to the designed energy of 0.5 MeV/u. Beam properties and transmission efficiencies were measured, indicating a good consistency with simulated data. After having briefly recalled the project scope and parameters, this paper describes the beam commissioning strategy and detailed commissioning results.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO005  
About • paper received ※ 11 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO010 Muon Acceleration Test with the RFQ Towards the Development of the Muon Linac experiment, acceleration, simulation, diagnostics 342
 
  • R. Kitamura
    University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
  • S. Bae, S. Choi, B. Kim
    SNU, Seoul, Republic of Korea
  • Y. Fukao, K. Futatsukawa, N. Kawamura, T. Mibe, Y. Miyake, T. Yamazaki
    KEK, Tsukuba, Japan
  • K. Hasegawa, Y. Kondo, T. Morishita
    JAEA/J-PARC, Tokai-Mura, Naka-Gun, Ibaraki-Ken, Japan
  • T. Iijima, Y. Sue
    Nagoya University, Graduate School of Science, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Japan
  • H. Iinuma, Y. Nakazawa
    Ibaraki University, Hitachi, Ibaraki, Japan
  • K. Ishida
    RIKEN Nishina Center, Wako, Japan
  • S. Li
    The University of Tokyo, Graduate School of Science, Tokyo, Japan
  • M. Otani, N. Saito
    J-PARC, KEK & JAEA, Ibaraki-ken, Japan
  • G.P. Razuvaev
    Budker INP & NSU, Novosibirsk, Russia
 
  The muon linac to accelerate muons 212 MeV is planned in order to measure the muon dipole moments precisely in the J-PARC. The muon acceleration with a RF accelerator hasn’t been demonstrated yet in the world. Therefore the muon acceleration test with the RFQ as the feasibility test of the muon linac was demonstrated at the Muon D line in the J-PARC MLF. Conventional muons are cooled with producing ultra-slow muons using the muonium production and the ionization laser for the muon linac. However these apparatuses couldn’t be used because of the limitation of the experimental area in the acceleration test. Therefore the conventional muon was converted to the negative muonium ion (Mu-) with less than 2 keV using the thin aluminum foil target as the easy cooling method. The Mu- was finally accelerated to 90 keV using the RFQ. The accelerated Mu- was selected with a diagnostic beam line and identified with the Time-Of-Flight measurement using a MCP detector. The result of the world’s first muon acceleration test with the RFQ will be reported in this presentation.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO010  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO012 Compact Multipurpors Facility - BELA linac, neutron, ion-source, ECR 349
 
  • T. Kulevoy, R. Fatkullin, A.V. Kozlov, G. Kropachev, D.N. Selesnev, A.I. Semennikov, A. Sitnikov
    ITEP, Moscow, Russia
  • T. Kulevoy
    NRC, Moscow, Russia
  • T. Kulevoy
    MEPhI, Moscow, Russia
 
  In ITEP the project of multidiscipline facility Based on ECR ion source and Linear Accelerator (BELA) is started. The injector part of facility is based on combinations of ECR ion source and dc H+ and He+ source will provide the multi beams irradiation of the reactor materials for modeling experiments. The cw RFQ and following DTL will enable the set of experimental activity both for fun-damental physics and for practical applications.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO012  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO013 Commissioning Status of the LIGHT Development Machine MMI, DTL, proton, linac 352
 
  • G. De Michele, J. Adam, D. Aguilera Murciano, A. Benot-Morell, R. Bonomi, F. Cabaleiro Magallanes, M. Caldara, G. D’Auria, A. Degiovanni, M. Esposito, S. Fanella, D. Fazio, D.A. Fink, Y. Fusco, M. Gonzalez, P. Gradassi, L. Kobzeva, G. Levy, G. Magrin, A. Marraffa, A. Milla, R. Moser, P. Nadig, G. Nuessle, A. Patino-Revuelta, T. Rutter, F. Salveter, A. Samoshkin, L. Wallet
    A.D.A.M. SA, Meyrin, Switzerland
  • M. Breitenfeldt, C. Candolfi, G. Castorina, M. Cerv, V.A. Dimov, M.T. Gallas, S. Gibson, A. S. Gonzalez, Ye. Ivanisenko, A. Jeff, V. F. Khan, S. Magnoni, J.L. Navarro Quirante, H. Pavetits, P. Paz Neira, S.G. Soriano, P. Stabile, K. Stachyra, A. Valloni, C. Zannini
    AVO-ADAM, Meyrin, Switzerland
  • G. D’Auria
    Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., Basovizza, Italy
 
  ADAM (Application of Detectors and Accelerators to Medicine) is a CERN spin-off company currently working on the construction and testing of the LIGHT (Linac for Image-Guided Hadron Therapy) machine. LIGHT is an innovative high-frequency linac based proton therapy system designed to accelerate protons up to 230 MeV: it consists of three different linac sections i.e. a 750 MHz Radio Frequency Quadrupole (RFQ) accelerating the beam up to 5 MeV; a 3 GHz Side Coupled Drift Tube Linac (SCDTL) up to 37.5 MeV; and a 3 GHz Coupled Cavity Linac (CCL) section up to 230 MeV. The compact and modular design is based on cutting edge technologies developed for particle colliders and adapted to the needs of hadron therapy beams. The LIGHT development machine is currently being built at CERN and this paper describes its design aspects and its different stages of installation and commissioning.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO013  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO016 High Frequency RFQ Design and LEBT Matching for the CERN TwinEBIS Ion Source emittance, gun, space-charge, MMI 358
 
  • V. Bencini, J.-B. Lallement, A.M. Lombardi, H. Pahl, J. Pitters, F.J.C. Wenander
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • M. Breitenfeldt
    AVO-ADAM, Meyrin, Switzerland
  • A.I. Pikin
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
 
  An Electron Beam Ion Source (EBIS) is being developed at CERN for production of highly charged ions, for instance fully stripped 12C. The focus has so far been on the electron gun design, aiming for a high current compression, which results in a rapid ionisation process and thereby high repetition rate. Initial commissioning tests of such an electron gun, the so-called MEDeGUN, have already been performed and we are now in the process of designing a multi-purpose ion extraction and diagnostics line. The Low Energy Beam Transport (LEBT) line will transport the ions into the downstream Radio Frequency Quadrupole (RFQ) with a nominal energy of 15 keV/u. The 750 MHz RFQ is designed to accelerate ions from 15 keV/u up to the final energy of 2.5 MeV/u. After the RFQ design was finalized and its acceptance calculated, the beam matching to the RFQ was studied, finding a set of parameters for the LEBT that maximize the transmission through the RFQ. Details of the RFQ design, of the LEBT matching procedure and its final results are illustrated in this paper.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO016  
About • paper received ※ 11 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO017 The New Light Ion Injector for NICA cavity, linac, diagnostics, LLRF 362
 
  • B. Koubek, M. Basten, H. Höltermann, H. Podlech, U. Ratzinger, A. Schempp, R. Tiede
    BEVATECH, Frankfurt, Germany
  • A.V. Butenko, D.E. Donets, B.V. Golovenskiy, A. Govorov, K.A. Levterov, D.A. Lyuosev, A.A. Martynov, V.A. Monchinsky, D.O. Ponkin, K.V. Shevchenko, I.V. Shirikov, E. Syresin
    JINR, Dubna, Moscow Region, Russia
  • C. K. Kampmeyer, H. Schlarb
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  Within the upgrade scheme of the injection complex of the NICA project and after a successful beam commissioning of a heavy ion linac, Bevatech GmbH will build a first part of a new light ion linac as an injector for the Nuclotron ring. The linac will provide a beam of polarised protons and light ions with a mass to charge ratio up to 3 and an energy of 7 MeV/u. The mandate of the Linac does not only include the hardware for the accelerating structures, focusing magnets and beam diagnostic devices, but also the LLRF control soft- and hardware based on the MicroTCA.4 standard in collaboration with the MicroTCA Technology Lab at DESY. An overview of the Linac is presented in this paper.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO017  
About • paper received ※ 10 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO079 Numerical and Experimental Study of H Beam Dynamics in J-PARC LEBT MMI, linac, emittance, solenoid 519
 
  • T. Shibata, K. Ikegami, Y. Liu, K. Ohkoshi, M. Otani
    J-PARC, KEK & JAEA, Ibaraki-ken, Japan
  • A. Miura, H. Oguri, K. Shinto
    JAEA/J-PARC, Tokai-mura, Japan
  • F. Naito, K. Nanmo, A. Takagi
    KEK, Tokai, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  Negative hydrogen ion (H) beam dynamics in J-PARC Low Energy Beam Transport (LEBT) has been investigated by numerical modeling which calculates particle transport with effect of space charge and collision processes. Understandings of H beam transport in LEBT is important for high transmission rate from Ion Source (IS) to Radio Frequency Quadrupole (RFQ) in J-PARC in higher beam current in future. In 2017, 45 mA beam current of H has been extracted from IS in J-PARC user operation which has been increased from 30 mA in last 2 years. The beam current is planned to be increased to 50 mA in the next upgrade. As the beam current increase, IS/LEBT commissioning becomes more difficult because of the higher space charge (SC). Especially in J-PARC, vacuum pressure is around 10-5 Pa by 15 mmf orifice located in the center of LEBT. The orifice prevents residual gas injection from IS to LEBT/RFQ and thus produces stronger SC effect. In the presentation, numerical results are compared with actual results from J-PARC Linac beam commissioning. A comparison of the results shows that location of the 15 mmf orifice results in two peaks of RFQ transmission rate against SOL currents.  
slides icon Slides TUPO079 [0.968 MB]  
poster icon Poster TUPO079 [1.699 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO079  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO083 Beam Dynamics for the FAIR p-Linac Ladder RFQ linac, emittance, ion-source, simulation 522
 
  • M. Syha, U. Ratzinger, M. Schuett
    IAP, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
 
  After the successful measurements with a 0.8 m prototype a 3.3 m Ladder-RFQ is under construction at IAP, Goethe University Frankfurt. It is designed to accelerate protons from 95 keV to 3.0 MeV according to the design parameters of the p-Linac at FAIR. Along the acceleration section modulation parameter, aperture and synchronous phase all course (quasi-)linear, which differentiates this design approach from other designs developed at IAP. The ratio of transversal vane curvature radius to mid-cell radial aperture as well as the vane radius itself are constant, which favors a flat voltage distribution along the RFQ. This was verified by implantation of the modulated vane geometry into MWS-CST RF field simulations. The development of adequate beam dynamics was done in close collaboration with the IAP resonator design team. The Los Alamos RFQGen-code was used for the RFQ design and the beam dynamics simulations.  
poster icon Poster TUPO083 [0.932 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO083  
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TUPO101 Design of Practical HSC Type Injector for Cancer Therapy linac, DTL, cavity, injection 557
 
  • C.C. Xing, T. He, C.X. Li, J. Li, L. Lu, L. Yang
    IMP/CAS, Lanzhou, People’s Republic of China
 
  The Hybrid single cavity(HSC), which is designed for 20 mA beam acceleration, is a new HSC Type Injector for Cancer Therapy. Its designed particle, resonant frequency, injection and final energies are designed from beam-optics considerations of the entire system to be C6+, 100MHz, 20keV/u and 0.6MeV/u. In order to achieve these requirements, keeping the Maximum surface electric field to less than 1.9-times the Kilpatrick limit, the RFQ becomes about 1.2 m long and the DTL is about 2.5 m long. The total efficiency of transmission is more than 80%.  
poster icon Poster TUPO101 [0.345 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO101  
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TUPO127 Activities at the Linac4 Test Stand emittance, linac, electron, extraction 587
 
  • J.-B. Lallement, V. Bencini, S.B. Bertolo, F.D.L. Di Lorenzo, J. Lettry, A.M. Lombardi, C.M. Mastrostefano, D. Noll, M. O’Neil
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  Linac4, the new CERN H injector to the Proton Synchrotron Booster, has been commissioned and has delivered a beam intensity and quality calculated to be sufficient to produce the standard beams for LHC and the high intensity beams for ISOLDE when connected. The beam current is nevertheless half of what is foreseen and the problem has been identified at the low energy end, between the extraction and the matching to the RFQ. The Linac4 test stand is being used to address this issue by testing different extraction geometries and different plasma generators. A fast method to access the current in the RFQ acceptance has been put in place. This paper reports the results of the measurements obtained so far.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO127  
About • paper received ※ 11 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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WE2A01 First Acceleration at FRIB MMI, cryomodule, linac, emittance 615
 
  • G. Pozdeyev
    FRIB, East Lansing, Michigan, USA
 
  FRIB is now moving to commissioning interleaved with installation. The ECR, low energy transport and RFQ have been commissioned with beam By the time of the conference the 4K cryogenic system and first three beta 0.041 QWR cryomodules will be commissioned with first cold acceleration. The talk would focus on the hardware and beam performance.  
slides icon Slides WE2A01 [11.425 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-WE2A01  
About • paper received ※ 17 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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WE2A04 Commissioning of New SARAF RFQ and Design of New Linac linac, proton, operation, status 626
 
  • A. Perry, D. Berkovits, H. Dafna, B. Kaizer, J. Luner, J. Rodnizki, A. Shor, I. Silverman, L. Weissman
    Soreq NRC, Yavne, Israel
  • A. Bechtold, P. Niewieczerzal
    NTG Neue Technologien GmbH & Co KG, Gelnhausen, Germany
  • R.D. Duperrier, G. Ferrand, B. Gastineau, M. Jacquemet, C. Madec, N. Pichoff, D. Uriot
    CEA/IRFU, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • S. Ladegaillerie, Th. Plaisant
    IRFU, CEA, University Paris-Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
 
  Status of the CEA desing of the future Saraf linac (title to be revised)  
slides icon Slides WE2A04 [7.096 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-WE2A04  
About • paper received ※ 17 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TH1P02 Injection Complex Development for the NICA-project at JINR linac, acceleration, booster, heavy-ion 663
 
  • A.V. Butenko, B.V. Golovenskiy, A. Govorov, A.D. Kovalenko, V.A. Monchinsky, A.V. Smirnov, G.V. Trubnikov
    JINR, Dubna, Moscow Region, Russia
  • D.E. Donets, K.A. Levterov, D.A. Lyuosev, A.A. Martynov, V.V. Mialkovskiy, D.O. Ponkin, K.V. Shevchenko, I.V. Shirikov, A.O. Sidorin
    JINR/VBLHEP, Dubna, Moscow region, Russia
  • H. Höltermann, H. Podlech, U. Ratzinger, A. Schempp
    BEVATECH, Frankfurt, Germany
  • T. Kulevoy
    ITEP, Moscow, Russia
  • S.M. Polozov
    MEPhI, Moscow, Russia
 
  The new accelerator complex Nuclotron-based Ion Collider fAcility (NICA) is still under construction at JINR, Dubna. Two Linacs should serve as injectors for this new accelerator complex. LU-20 as an Alvarez based lLinac for light polarized ions and the new Heavy Ion Linear Accelerator HILAC dedicated to heavy ion beam operation. Main results of the HILAC commissioning with carbon beam from the laser ion source should be discussed. Besides a new R&D-project is ongoing to developed superconducting cavities for a new light ion linear injector which created to upgrade the injector complex. The current status of linac design and results of the beam dynamics simulations and SRF technology developments should be presented as well.  
slides icon Slides TH1P02 [8.162 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TH1P02  
About • paper received ※ 17 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TH1P03 New Trends in Proton and Carbon Therapy Linacs linac, cavity, DTL, proton 666
 
  • S. Benedetti
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  In the last years, many developments have contributed to make feasible an all linac solution for proton and carbon ion therapy, with typical output energies of about 200 MeV and 400 MeV/u, respectively. The efficient beam matching of the source to the high-energy linacs, operating at 3 GHz, represents one of the major challenges. With the successful test of a 750 MHz RFQ at CERN, this possibility starts to be a reality. At the same time CERN is testing a high-gradient S-band cavity, successfully exceeding the accelerating gradient goal of 50 MV/m - more than twice what has been obtained before - and paving the way to more compact medical facilities. In this paper, some of the most significant projects involving linear accelerators for hadron therapy will be presented.  
slides icon Slides TH1P03 [3.378 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TH1P03  
About • paper received ※ 11 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO022 Development Progress of the H+/H Linear Accelerators at Tsinghua University DTL, linac, neutron, proton 732
 
  • Q.Z. Xing, C.B. Bi, C. Cheng, C.T. Du, T.B. Du, X. Guan, Q.K. Guo, Y. Lei, P.F. Ma, S. Shuai, R. Tang, X.W. Wang, X.D. Xudong, H.Y. Zhang, S.X. Zheng
    TUB, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
  • W.Q. Guan, Y. He, J. Li
    NUCTECH, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
  • W.L. Liu, B.C. Wang, Z.M. Wang, Y. Yang, C. Zhao
    NINT, Shannxi, People’s Republic of China
 
  We present, in this paper, the development progress of the 13MeV proton linac for the Compact Pulsed Hadron Source (CPHS), and the 7MeV H linac injector for the synchrotron of the Xi’an 200MeV Proton Application Facility (XiPAF).  
slides icon Slides THPO022 [4.421 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO022  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO036 Error Study of CPHS DTL after Assembly DTL, alignment, emittance, linac 763
 
  • P.F. Ma, C.T. Du, X. Guan, Q.K. Guo, Y. Lei, R. Tang, X.W. Wang, Q.Z. Xing, S.X. Zheng
    TUB, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
  • B.C. Wang
    NINT, Shannxi, People’s Republic of China
 
  The Compact Pulsed Hadron Source (CPHS) at Tsinghua University is one multi-purpose pulsed neutron source. The injector of the CPHS is a linac, which mainly consists of a source, a low-energy beam transport line (LEBT), a radio frequency quadrupole (RFQ) and a drift tube linac (DTL). The error study of the DTL for CPHS is presented in this paper. The error study can provide the field tolerances in the DTL cavity and the alignment tolerance between the RFQ and DTL.  
poster icon Poster THPO036 [2.645 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO036  
About • paper received ※ 06 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO039 The Status of CSNS Front End ion-source, emittance, MMI, operation 771
 
  • H. Li, X. Cao, W. Chen, T. Huang, S. Liu, K. Xue
    CSNS, Guangdong Province, People’s Republic of China
  • S. Fu, Y.J. Lv, H.F. Ouyang, Y.C. Xiao
    IHEP, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  CSNS front end is currently under running, which consists of a H penning ion source(IS), a low energy beam transport(LEBT), a radio frequency quadrupole (RFQ) and a medium energy beam transport(MEBT). CSNS ion source is a type of Penning surface plasma source, similar to ISIS ion source. Cesium is used to enhance the H ion production efficiency. The ion source is running with duty factor of 1.25%(25Hz and 500us). Normally, 40mA H beam from ion source with 50keV can be delivered into LEBT. Three solenoids and two direction magnets are employed to transport and match the beam from the ion source into the RFQ. The pre-chopper is installed at the end of LEBT. The chopper mainly works at 3.8-4.2 kV and 1 MHz rate, which is about the RF frequency of the ring at injection. The rise time is less than 10ns,which fulfills the requirement of ring injection. For the RFQ, it is a 324MHz 4-vane type with a output energy of 3.0MeV and the length of 3.62m. The input cavity power is about 400kW. During commissioning, 16mA H beam can be obtained at the exit of RFQ, and the RFQ transmission rate is up to 94%.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO039  
About • paper received ※ 03 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO043 ESS Normal Conducting Linac Status and Plans ion-source, DTL, linac, proton 781
 
  • E. Sargsyan, H. Danared, F. Hellström, G. Hulla, Ø. Midttun, J.S. Schmidt
    ESS, Lund, Sweden
  • I. Bustinduy, N. Garmendia, J.L. Muñoz
    ESS Bilbao, Zamudio, Spain
  • L. Celona, S. Gammino, L. Neri
    INFN/LNS, Catania, Italy
  • A.C. Chauveau, B. Pottin
    CEA/IRFU, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • F. Grespan, A. Pisent
    INFN/LNL, Legnaro (PD), Italy
  • P. Mereu
    INFN-Torino, Torino, Italy
 
  The European Spallation Source (ESS) uses a linear accelerator to deliver the high intensity proton beam to the target station for producing intense beams of neutrons. The average beam power is 5 MW with a peak beam power at the target of 125 MW. The normal conducting linear accelerator (linac) operating at 352.21 MHz accelerates a proton beam of 62.5 mA from 0.075 to 90 MeV. It consists of an ion source, Low Energy Beam Transport (LEBT), Radio Frequency Quadrupole (RFQ), Medium Energy Beam Transport (MEBT), and Drift Tube Linac (DTL). The design, construction and testing of those structures is done by European partner labs as an in-kind contribution to the ESS project. This paper presents the status and plans for the ESS normal conducting linac.
E.Sargsyan for the ESS NC Linac collaboration team
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO043  
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THPO046 Status of the FAIR Proton Linac proton, linac, DTL, emittance 787
 
  • C.M. Kleffner, S. Appel, R. Berezov, J. Fils, P. Forck, M. Kaiser, K. Knie, C. Mühle, S. Puetz, A. Schnase, G. Schreiber, A. Seibel, T. Sieber, V. Srinivasan, J. Trüller, W. Vinzenz, C. Will
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  • A. Almomani, H. Hähnel, U. Ratzinger, M. Schuett, M. Syha
    IAP, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
 
  As part of the accelerator chain for antiproton production of the FAIR facility, a special high-intensity short pulsed 325 MHz proton linac is being developed. The Proton linac is designed to deliver a beam current of 70 mA with an energy of 68 MeV. A 2.45 GHz ECR source designed for the generation of 100 mA beams with an energy of 95 keV is currently being tested at CEA/Saclay. The production of the structure of the IAP ladder RFQ is nearly completed. First parts of the RFQ vacuum chambers have been successfully copperplated at the GSI. Seven Thales Klystrons have been delivered to GSI at the beginning of 2018 and are nearly ready for use. The completion of the setup of the HV modulator is expected end of the year 2018. The state of procurement and development of further accelerator components will be presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO046  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO047 SPIRAL2 Injector Commissioning linac, emittance, cavity, MMI 790
 
  • R. Ferdinand, M. Di Giacomo, H. Franberg, O. Kamalou, J.-M. Lagniel, G. Normand, A. Savalle, F. Varenne
    GANIL, Caen, France
  • D. Uriot
    CEA/DRF/IRFU, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
 
  The SPIRAL2 injector is composed of two ion sources (p/d and heavy ions up to A/Q=3) followed by a 730 keV/u RFQ. Beam commissioning has started in 2014 in parallel with the superconducting linac and HEBT installations. The RFQ beam commissioning started soon after the first RF conditioning done in October 2015. This paper describes the RFQ beam measurements done on the diagnostic plate for the reference particles (H+, 4He2+ and recently 18O6+) and the difficulties encountered for the RFQ commissioning at the A/Q=3 field level.  
slides icon Slides THPO047 [7.846 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO047  
About • paper received ※ 11 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO048 Low Power Measurement of a 1300-MHz RFQ Cold Model linac, acceleration, experiment, emittance 794
 
  • Y. Kondo, T. Morishita, J. Tamura
    JAEA/J-PARC, Tokai-mura, Japan
  • M. Otani
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  Funding: This work is supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number 17K18784.
A muon linac development for a new muon g-2/EDM experiment is now going on at J-PARC. Muons from the muon beam line (H-line) of the J-PARC muon facility are once stopped in a silica aerojel target and room temperature muoniums are evaporated from the aerogel. They are dissociated with the lasers to be the ultra slow muons, then accelerated up to 212 MeV using a linear accelerator. The low energy part of this muon linac consists of a 324-MHz RFQ and an IH DTL. The frequency is increased to 1296 MHz at the following CCL section. We propose to replace the low energy section to a 1300-MHz RFQ to simplify the configuration of the muon linac. The 1300-MHz RFQ will be extremely small compared to conventional RFQs, therefore we made a cold model to proof the feasibility of this scheme. In this paper, the result of low-power measurement of the 1300-MHz RFQ cold model is described.
 
slides icon Slides THPO048 [2.160 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO048  
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THPO049 Field Tuning of a Radio-frequency Quadrupole Using Full 3D Modeling cavity, insertion, linac, simulation 798
 
  • T. Morishita, K. Hasegawa, Y. Kondo, H. Oguri
    JAEA/J-PARC, Tokai-Mura, Naka-Gun, Ibaraki-Ken, Japan
  • M. Otani
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  The radio-frequency quadrupole linac (RFQ) is operating in the frontend of the J-PARC linac to accelerates 50 mA negative hydrogen beams from 0.05 MeV to 3 MeV. As a backup, the spare RFQ has been fabricated in 2018. The vane-voltage ramping is adopted to improve the acceleration efficiency so that the cross-sectional shape is adjusted longitudinally to produce the designed voltage distribution. Then, the three-dimensional cavity models including modulations and cutbacks were created in CST Micro-Wave Studio. The vane-base widths and cutback depths were optimized to produce the desired vane-voltage distribution. In the final tuning, the heights of the stub turners were also determined based on the tuner responses obtained from the full 3D models. In this paper, the detailed design process of the cavity dimensions and the result of the low-power measurements are described.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO049  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO050 Research on the New Cavity Structure of RFQ Accelerator With Bent Vanes at IMP cavity, simulation, impedance, ECR 802
 
  • L. Yang, T. He, Y. He, C.X. Li, L. Lu, L.P. Sun, C.C. Xing
    IMP/CAS, Lanzhou, People’s Republic of China
  • L. Yang
    University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  A new cavity structure of RFQ accelerator with bent vanes is proposed to meet the miniaturization requirement of low frequency heavy ion accelerators at Institute of Modern Physics (IMP), Chinese Academy of Sciences. The new structure has a downsized cross section by bending vanes while keeping a certain vane lengths. It also possesses the advantages of simple cooling structure and high power efficient when used in low frequency. The new structure has obvious advantages in reducing manufacturing difficulty of cavity, cutting down project cost, enhancing facility reliability and stability.  
slides icon Slides THPO050 [1.407 MB]  
poster icon Poster THPO050 [0.398 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO050  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO051 The Multi-physics Analysis of LEAF RFQ cavity, simulation, heavy-ion, beam-transport 805
 
  • X.B. Xu, T. He, Y. He, C.X. Li, L. Lu, W. Ma, A. Shi, L.B. Shi, L.P. Sun, C.C. Xing, L. Yang, H.W. Zhao
    IMP/CAS, Lanzhou, People’s Republic of China
 
  The 81.25 MHz CW RFQ is designed to accelerate heavy ions with Q/A from 1/7 to 1/2 at 0.5 MeV/u for the Low Energy Accelerator Facility (LEAF) at the Institute of Modern Physics (IMP) of the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS). The four-vane RFQ consists of six mod-ules with a total length of 5.95 meters, For the CW oper-ating mode, thermal management will be a very important issue, Therefore a multi-physics analysis is necessary to ensure that the cavity can stably operate at the high RF power . The multi-physics analysis process includes RF electromagnetic analysis, thermal analysis, mechanical analysis, and the frequency shift, the cooling water system is used for frequency tunning by the temperature adjustment, and also analyze RFQ undercuts, fixed tuners, and pi-mode rods, the results show that the thermal and structural design of this RFQ is reasonable.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO051  
About • paper received ※ 17 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO052 High Power Test of the LEAF-RFQ acceleration, quadrupole, cavity, operation 808
 
  • L. Lu, Y. He, W. Ma, L.B. Shi, L.T. Sun, L.P. Sun, L. Yang, Y. Yang, H.W. Zhao
    IMP/CAS, Lanzhou, People’s Republic of China
 
  High power heavy ion drivers require a CW low-frequency accelerator for initial acceleration. A CW four-vane radio frequency quadrupole (RFQ) accelerator is designed to accelerate heavy ions A/q up to 7 from 14 keV/u to 500 keV/u, as a new injector for the Low Energy Accelerator Facility (LEAF) at Institute of Modern Physics (IMP). The measurements of low power test were reported previously. In this paper, the results of high power test of the RFQ, including the test of the acceleration systems and beam profiles, will be presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO052  
About • paper received ※ 07 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO053 Status of the China Material Irradiation Facility RFQ cavity, radiation, diagnostics, linac 811
 
  • C.X. Li, W.L. Chen, W.P. Dou, Z. Gao, Y. He, G. Huang, C.L. Li, L. Lu, W. Ma, A. Shi, L.B. Shi, L.P. Sun, F.F. Wang, W.B. Wang, Z.J. Wang, Q. Wu, X.B. Xu, L. Yang, P.Y. Yu, B. Zhang, J.H. Zhang, P. Zhang, T.M. Zhu
    IMP/CAS, Lanzhou, People’s Republic of China
 
  Funding: Supported by the National Magnetic Confinement Fusion Science Program of China (Grant No.2014GB104001) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No.91426303).
The pulsed high power test and beam test of the China Material Irradiation Facility RFQ have been implemented. Before this, the radio frequency measurements and tuning are performed. In this paper, the processes and results of the radio frequency measurements, tuning, pulsed high power test and beam test will be presented. The results of tests are in good agreement with the design.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO053  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO054 Recent Progress of a CW 4-rod RFQ for the SSC-LINAC linac, MMI, controls, emittance 814
 
  • Z.S. Li, Y. Cong, H. Du, Y. He, L. Jing, Q.Y. Kong, X.N. Li, J. Meng, G.D. Shen, K.D. Wang, Z.J. Wang, W. Wei, J.X. Wu, J.W. Xia, H.M. Xie, W.J. Xie, Z. Xu, J.C. Yang, Y.Q. Yang, X. Yin, Y.J. Yuan, Y. Zhang
    IMP/CAS, Lanzhou, People’s Republic of China
  • Y.R. Lu
    PKU, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  The SSC-LINAC is under design and construction as a linear injector for the Separated-Sector Cyclotron (SSC) of the Heavy Ion Research Facility at Lanzhou (HIRFL). The continuous-wave (CW) 4-rod radio-frequency quad-rupole (RFQ) of the SSC-LINAC has important progress in past years. In the autumn of 2016, the cavity has been operated with 35 kW on CW mode in automatic RF con-trolled mode during RF power commissioning, which is needed to accelerate 238U34+ beams. The beam transmis-sion efficiency, transverse emittance and energy spread has been obtained in beam commissioning. In this paper, the results of experiments will be presented and discussed in detail.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO054  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO057 Redesign of CERN Linac3 RFQ for Lead 29+ linac, emittance, cavity, simulation 818
 
  • S. Benedetti, G. Bellodi, J.-B. Lallement, A.M. Lombardi
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  CERN Linac3 is at the start of the CERN Heavy Ion Facility, providing 4.2 MeV/u ion beams to the Low Energy Ion Ring (LEIR). It mostly accelerates 208Pb29+, though in recent years runs were performed with 40Ar11+ and 129Xe22+, in view of the increasing interest of the physics community towards lighter ions experiments. In the framework of the LHC Injectors Upgrade (LIU) project, measurements and beam dynamics simulations showed that a transmission bottleneck of Linac3 is represented by the RFQ. As this accelerator was originally designed for 208Pb25+, the lower beam rigidity of the heavy ions currently in use and planned for the future permits a redesign of the RFQ optics aimed at increasing its transverse acceptance, and thus the transmitted beam current. A study of this has been performed, and the methodology adopted and the results are presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO057  
About • paper received ※ 11 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO058 RF Design of a High-frequency RFQ Linac for PIXE Analysis cavity, linac, simulation, proton 822
 
  • H.W. Pommerenke, A. Bilton, A. Grudiev, A.M. Lombardi, S.J. Mathot, E. Montesinos, M.A. Timmins, M. Vretenar
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • H.W. Pommerenke, U. van Rienen
    Rostock University, Faculty of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering, Rostock, Germany
 
  Funding: This work has been sponsored by the Wolfgang Gentner Program of the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (grant no. 05E12CHA).
Protons with an energy of few MeV are commonly used for Ion Beam Analysis of materials, in particular with the Proton Induced X-ray Emission technique (PIXE). Because of its non-damaging character, PIXE is used in a variety of fields, in particular for the diagnosis of cultural heritage artwork. A compact accelerator based on a high frequency RFQ (Radio Frequency Quadrupole) linac has been designed and is being built at CERN. The length of the RFQ is only one meter and it allows the acceleration of a proton beam up to an energy of 2 MeV. The complete system is conceived to be transportable, allowing PIXE analysis almost anywhere. This paper covers the RF design of the compact RFQ operating at 750 MHz. We present general accelerator parameters and the current state of the RF design, which includes RFQ geometry and coupler design, thermal simulation and first particle tracking results.
 
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DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO058  
About • paper received ※ 11 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO060 First RF Measurements of the 325 MHz Ladder RFQ linac, simulation, proton, GUI 826
 
  • M. Schuett, U. Ratzinger, M. Syha
    IAP, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
 
  Funding: BMBF 05P15RFRBA
Based on the positive results of the unmodulated 325 MHz Ladder-RFQ prototype from 2013 to 2016, we developed and designed a modulated 3.3 m Ladder-RFQ*. The unmodulated prototype Ladder-RFQ features a very constant voltage along the axis. The RFQ was high power tested at the GSI test stand. It accepted 3 times the RF power level needed in operation**. That level corresponds to a Kilpatrick factor of 3.1 with a pulse length of 200 µs. The 325 MHz RFQ is designed to accelerate protons from 95 keV to 3.0 MeV according to the design parameters of the proton linac within the FAIR project. This particular high frequency creates difficulties for a 4-ROD type RFQ, which triggered the development of a Ladder RFQ with its higher symmetry. The results of the unmodulated prototype have shown, that the Ladder-RFQ is a suitable candidate for that frequency. For the present design duty cycles are feasible up to 5%. The basic design and tendering of the RFQ has been successfully completed in 2016. Manufacturing will be completed in August 2018. We will show the the finalization of manufacturing as well as first low level RF measurements of the Ladder RFQ.
*Journal of Physics: Conf. Series 874 (2017) 012048
**Proceedings of LINAC2016, East Lansing, TUPLR053
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO060  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO061 Beam Characterization of the MYRRHA-RFQ diagnostics, proton, simulation, injection 830
 
  • P.P. Schneider, M. Droba, O. Meusel, H. Podlech, A. Schempp
    IAP, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
  • D. Noll
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  Funding: This work is supported by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) #05P15RFRBA and HORIZON 2020 for the MYRRHA project #662186 and HIC for FAIR.
The Linear Accelerator for the MYRRHA project* is under construction. In a first step the linac up to 100 MeV will be realized. The LEBT section has been set into operation in Belgium and the RFQ is installed in summer 2018. A system to analyze the ion beam consisting of a slit-grid emittance scanner, a beam dump and a momentum spectrometer, called diagnostic train descripted in **, will be set on the rails to characterize the beam at the RFQ injection point. The results will be used to adjust the optimal matching for the RFQ. After the measurements downstream the LEBT, the diagnostic train begins its journey along the beam line and at the first station the RFQ is installed. The accelerated beam of the RFQ is then analyzed and optimized. In addition to optimization of transmission the artificial production of beam offsets in the LEBT is of special interest. These will be measured at the injection point to estimate the range of possible offsets. In the following measurements these offsets will be used to study the influence of the offsets on the RFQ performance. Furthermore, the RFQ parameters are varied to see their influence on the beam transport, transmission and beam quality.
* H.Aı̈t Abderrahim et al. "MYRRHA: A multipurpose accelerator driven system for research & development", 2001
** 1st Experiments at the CW-Operated RFQ for Intense Proton Beams, LINAC16
 
poster icon Poster THPO061 [4.610 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO061  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO062 IFMIF/EVEDA RFQ Preliminary Beam Characterization MMI, proton, operation, simulation 834
 
  • E. Fagotti, L. Antoniazzi, L. Bellan, M. Comunian, F. Grespan, M. Montis, A. Palmieri, A. Pisent, F. Scantamburlo
    INFN/LNL, Legnaro (PD), Italy
  • T. Akagi, K. Kondo, K. Sakamoto, T. Shinya, M. Sugimoto
    QST, Aomori, Japan
  • P. Cara
    IFMIF/EVEDA, Rokkasho, Japan
  • H. Dzitko, I.M. Moya
    F4E, Germany
  • R. Heidinger, A. Marqueta
    Fusion for Energy, Garching, Germany
  • I. Podadera
    CIEMAT, Madrid, Spain
 
  The IFMIF/EVEDA RFQ is the longest and powerful operated. Therefore, it requires a careful characterization from several aspects: beam dynamics, RF, mechanics, installation and commissioning. Due to the very large power handling, the preliminary beam operation was decided to be performed with a low proton beam current at one half of the voltage needed for deuteron accelera-tion, i.e. from 8 mA to 30 mA at 2.5 MeV in pulsed mode, with respect to the nominal 130-mA deuteron beam at 5 MeV in CW. In this framework, it will be presented the characterization of the RFQ in terms of simulation and measurements.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO062  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO064 Tuning of a Four-vane RFQ for Xi’an 200 MeV Proton Application Facility dipole, quadrupole, cavity, coupling 838
 
  • X.D. Yu, X. Guan, Q.K. Guo, Y. Lei, P.F. Ma, X.W. Wang, Q.Z. Xing, S.X. Zheng
    TUB, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
  • B.C. Wang, Z.M. Wang, C. Zhao
    NINT, Shannxi, People’s Republic of China
 
  This paper mainly describes the procedures and results of tuning a four-vane Radio Frequency Quadrupole (RFQ) accelerator for the Xi’an 200 MeV Proton Application Facility (XiPAF) project. The 3-meter-long RFQ will accelerate a 50 keV H beam from the ECR source to 3 MeV, and deliver it to the downstream drift tube linac (DTL) with a peak current of 5 mA, pulse length of 10-40 μs and maximum repetition rate of 0.5. The machining, assembly, and RF tuning of the RFQ cavity has been completed successfully. After tuning, the relative error of the operating quadrupole mode field is within ±2.7%, and the dipole mode com-ponent is within ±1.9% of the quadrupole mode. The RFQ now is ready for high-power RF conditioning.  
poster icon Poster THPO064 [1.413 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO064  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO090 The Analysis of Module Failure in High Solid-state Amplifier for High Current RFQ scattering, simulation, experiment, cavity 886
 
  • L.P. Sun, Y. He, G. Huang, C.X. Li, L. Lu, A. Shi, L.B. Shi, X.B. Xu, H.W. Zhao
    IMP/CAS, Lanzhou, People’s Republic of China
 
  New accelerator RF system was upgraded to the solid-state amplifier in ADS project due to its stable, sustainable and reliable. Until now, newest 80kW SSA was adopted in IMP, operating in 162.5MHz, and over 120 power modules were combined through several synthesizers for 80kW output. but since too many modules were optimized for amplitude and phase in the same time, one or some failure of circulator will lead to injure of whole RF system, when wavelength meets a specific condition, injure would turn out severe accident and heavy loss. In this paper, analyzing and simulating the multi-level synthetic matrix was the important method for ADS accident happened in June 20. 2017, the failure simulated results for RF amplify links under the specific circumstances also was presented simultaneously.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO090  
About • paper received ※ 17 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO111 The Test of RF Breakdowns of CPHS RFQ pick-up, linac, proton, simulation 931
 
  • W.B. Ye, C. Cheng, X. Guan, J. Shi, X.W. Wang, Q.Z. Xing, S.X. Zheng
    TUB, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
  • M.C. Wang
    NINT, Shannxi, People’s Republic of China
 
  The high accelerating gradient is significant for a compact linear accelerator, and RF breakdowns is a limitation for the high gradient. This work aims to research RF breakdowns of a 325MHz proton Radio Frequency Quadrupole (RFQ) accelerator of the Compact Pulsed Hadron Source(CPHS). The breakdown rate (BDR) of the RFQ has been measured. Breakdown waveforms have been recorded, which have been used for counting breakdown time distribution and analyzing the location of RF breakdowns.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO111  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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