Keyword: SRF
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MO1A02 An Overview of Recent Developments in SRF Technology cavity, niobium, cryomodule, linac 6
 
  • R.E. Laxdal
    TRIUMF, Vancouver, Canada
 
  Superconducting Radio-Frequency (SRF) is now the technology of choice for both large and small linac projects. Several challenging projects are in progress or planned that are pushing SRF technology and/or are enabled by SRF technology. This paper gives an overview of the present status of the field.  
slides icon Slides MO1A02 [4.202 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MO1A02  
About • paper received ※ 16 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO004 Commissioning of the SRF Booster Cavity for LEReC cavity, booster, gun, MMI 40
 
  • W. Xu, A.V. Fedotov, T. Hayes, D. Holmes, G.T. McIntyre, K. Mernick, S.K. Seberg, F. Severino, K.S. Smith, R. Than, Q. Wu, B. P. Xiao, T. Xin, A. Zaltsman
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
 
  Funding: This work is supported by Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC under Contract No. DE-AC02-98CH10886 with the U.S. DOE.
One important component for LEReC project is a 704 MHz booster cavity, which was modified from the BNL ERL 704 MHz SRF gun cavity. The major modifications include converting the upstream cathode transportation to a proper beam pipe, adding a HOM coaxial line HOM damper to the downstream, retracting FPC insertions, and improvement of cryomodule layout. In the past one and half year, tremendous work was completed: the cavity was modified and tested vertically, FPC were conditioned, and HOM damper were designed and conditioned, cryomodule was re-assembled. The booster cavity cryomodule was successfully commissioned in mid October, and it was moved to LEReC location at RHIC tunnel 2 O’clock early November. This paper will report the configuration of the new cryomodule and its commissioning results.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO004  
About • paper received ※ 22 August 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO019 Study on Cleaning of Copper Plated Bellows for LCLS-II cavity, FEL, cryomodule, experiment 71
 
  • L. Zhao, E. Daly, G.K. Davis, G.V. Eremeev, A.V. Reilly, A-M. Valente-Feliciano, K.M. Wilson
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
 
  Funding: Authored by Jefferson Science Associates, LLC under U.S. DOE Contracts DE-AC05-06OR23177 and DE-AC02-76SF00515 for the LCLS-II Project.
Inter-cavity copper plated bellows are part of the LCLS-II cryomodule beamline components. Since the bellows are close to superconducting radio frequency (SRF) cavities during accelerator operation, it is desirable that these bellows have similar cleanliness as SRF cavi-ties. Studies have been done to help evaluate bellows interior cleanliness after the standard bellows cleaning procedure at Jefferson Lab.
 
poster icon Poster MOPO019 [1.326 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO019  
About • paper received ※ 28 August 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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MOPO037 SRF Gun Development at DESY gun, cathode, cavity, laser 105
 
  • E. Vogel, S. Barbanotti, I. Hartl, K. Jensch, D. Klinke, D. Kostin, W.-D. Möller, M. Schmökel, J.K. Sekutowicz, S. Sievers, N. Steinhau-Kühl, A.A. Sulimov, J.H. Thie, H. Weise, L. Winkelmann, B. van der Horst
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  • J.A. Lorkiewicz, R. Nietubyć
    NCBJ, Świerk/Otwock, Poland
  • J. Smedley
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  • J. Teichert
    HZDR, Dresden, Germany
  • M. Wiencek
    IFJ-PAN, Kraków, Poland
 
  A future upgrade of the European XFEL (E-XFEL) foresees an additional cw operation mode increasing the flexibility in the photon beam time structure. This mode requires among others a cw operating photo injector. We believe that using an SRF gun is the preferred approach as the beam parameters of normal conducting pulsed guns can be potentially met by SRF guns operating cw. Since more than a decade DESY in collaboration with TJNAF, NCBJ, BNL, HZB and HZDR performs R&D to develop an all superconducting RF gun with a lead cathode. In the frame of E-XFEL cw upgrade feasibility studies, the SRF-gun R&D program gained more attention and support. Within the next few years we would like to demonstrate the performance of the all superconducting injector required for the E-XFEL upgrade. The selected approach offers advantages w.r.t. the cleanliness of the superconducting surface, but requires a complete disassembly of a cryostat and stripping the gun cavity in a clean room to exchange the cathode. Thus it is practical only when the life time of the cathode is at least several months. In this paper we present the actual status of the R&D program, next steps and the longer term plans.  
slides icon Slides MOPO037 [1.966 MB]  
poster icon Poster MOPO037 [3.774 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-MOPO037  
About • paper received ※ 11 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TU2A04 Progress Report on LIPAC rfq, MMI, linac, cavity 308
 
  • M. Sugimoto, T. Akagi, T. Ebisawa, Y. Hirata, R. Ichimiya, A. Kasugai, K. Kondo, S. Maebara, K. Sakamoto, T. Shinya
    QST, Aomori, Japan
  • P. Abbon, N. Bazin, B. Bolzon, N. Chauvin, S. Chel, R. Gobin, J. Marroncle, B. Renard
    CEA/IRFU, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • L. Antoniazzi, L. Bellan, D. Bortolato, M. Comunian, E. Fagotti, F. Grespan, M. Montis, A. Palmieri, A. Pisent, F. Scantamburlo
    INFN/LNL, Legnaro (PD), Italy
  • P.-Y. Beauvais, H. Dzitko, D. Gex, R. Heidinger, A. Jokinen, I. Moya, G. Phillips
    Fusion for Energy, Garching, Germany
  • P. Cara
    IFMIF/EVEDA, Rokkasho, Japan
  • D. Gavela, D. Jiménez-Rey, I. Kirpitchev, J. Mollá, P. Méndez, I. Podadera, D. Regidor, R. Varela, M. Weber
    CIEMAT, Madrid, Spain
  • J. Knaster
    F4E, Barcelona, Spain
  • G. Pruneri
    Consorzio RFX, Associazione Euratom-ENEA sulla Fusione, Padova, Italy
 
  International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility (IFMIF) is the neutron source for simulating fusion reactor environment using two 40 MeV/125 mA CW D+ beams. LIPAc facility is under construction in Rokkasho for validating 9 MeV/125 mA CW linac technology as a prototype of the IFMIF accelerator. Commissioning of 5 MeV CW RFQ is underway after the completion of installation of RFQ, MEBT, diagnostic plate. low power beam dump, RF power system and their auxiliaries. As the first step, high power RF conditioning is planned to complete in early 2018 and beam commissioning will start with stepwise approach at the same time. The status of LIPAc construction for preparing 9 MeV acceleration and results of RFQ beam commissioning are presented.  
slides icon Slides TU2A04 [9.651 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TU2A04  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO009 Heat Treatment for a Prototype Half-Wave Resonator Cavity cavity, niobium, vacuum, lattice 339
 
  • Y. Jung, B.H. Choi, J. Joo, H.C. Jung, H. Kim, J.W. Kim, Y. Kim, J. Lee, S. Lee
    IBS, Daejeon, Republic of Korea
 
  Heat treatment, 650C for 10hrs, was carried out to improve the performance of a half-wave resonator cavity. In this presentation, we report how the heat treatment was performed. X-ray diffraction analysis and residual gas analysis were performed to investigate the effect of the heat treatment on the cavity performance.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO009  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO028 Retreatment of European XFEL Series Cavities at DESY as Part of the Repair of European XFEL Accelerating Modules cavity, FEL, vacuum, linac 384
 
  • S. Sievers, N. Krupka, D. Reschke, S. Saegebarth, J. Schaffran, M. Schalwat, P. Schilling, M. Schmökel, N. Steinhau-Kühl, E. Vogel, H. Weise, B. van der Horst
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  • M. Wiencek
    IFJ-PAN, Kraków, Poland
 
  For the European XFEL 102 accelerating modules were built and tested. Several accelerating modules had to be reworked due to different kinds of non-conformities. The extent of this rework varied greatly. At the end of production four accelerating modules could not be qualified in time before the tunnel installation was to be finished in September 2016. Meanwhile the cavity strings of two of these accelerating modules have been disassembled in the DESY clean room. The cavities have been retreated at DESY either by additional high pressure water rinsing or BCP flash chemical treatment. All cavities were vertically tested and 15 out of 16 were qualified for the reassembly of the cavity strings. One accelerating module will be reassembled completely and tested until the end of 2018; the other will follow in the first half of 2019. We report on retreatment procedures and performance of these cavities.  
poster icon Poster TUPO028 [1.662 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO028  
About • paper received ※ 11 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO030 Precise Evaluation of Characteristic of the Multi-layer Thin-film Superconductor Consisting of NbN and Insulator on Pure Nb Substrate cavity, superconducting-RF, linac, radio-frequency 391
 
  • R. Katayama, Y. Iwashita, H. Tongu
    Kyoto ICR, Uji, Kyoto, Japan
  • C.Z. Antoine
    CEA/IRFU, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • A. Four
    CEA/DRF/IRFU, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • H. Hayano, T. Kubo, T. Saeki
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • H. Ito
    Sokendai, Ibaraki, Japan
  • R. Ito, T. Nagata
    ULVAC, Inc, Chiba, Japan
  • H. Oikawa
    Utsunomiya University, Utsunomiya, Japan
 
  In recent years, it has been pointed out that the maximum accelerating gradient of a superconducting RF cavity can be pushed up by coating the inner surface of the cavity with a multilayer thin-film structure that consists of alternating insulating and superconducting layers. In this structure, the principal parameter that limits the performance of the cavity is the critical magnetic field or effective Hc1 at which vortices start penetrating into the superconductor layer, and it is predicted to depend on the combination of the film thickness. We made samples that have NbN/SiO2 thin-film structure on pure Nb substrate with several thicknesses of NbN film deposited using DC magnetron sputtering method. Here, we report the measurement results of effective Hc1 of the NbN sample with a thickness of 200 nm by using the third-harmonic voltage method. In addition, we report the preliminary results to evaluate the dependence of the effective Hc1 on the thickness of the NbN film in the range 50 nm-200 nm.  
slides icon Slides TUPO030 [0.305 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO030  
About • paper received ※ 18 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO031 Investigation of the Surface Resistance of Niobium Between 325 MHz and 1300 MHz Using a Coaxial Half-wave Cavity cavity, niobium, electromagnetic-fields, distributed 395
 
  • H. Park, S.U. De Silva, J.R. Delayen
    ODU, Norfolk, Virginia, USA
 
  The Center for Accelerator Science at Old Dominion University has built a half-wave coaxial cavity (*) to measure the surface resistance of niobium as a function of frequency, temperature, rf field, preparation techniques, over a wide range of frequencies of interest for particle accelerators. The characteristics of the half-wave coaxial cavity provide these information on a same surface. The preliminary results showed clearly the frequency dependence of residual surface resistance (**). After establishing baseline, we have conducted a study of low temperature baking effect on the surface resistance under controlled environment. This paper will describe the details of the test procedure, results and we will explore underlying physics of the phenomenon.
* H. Park et al., MOPB003, Proc. SRF2015, http://jacow.org/
** H. Park et al., THPB080, Proc. SRF2017, http://jacow.org/
 
slides icon Slides TUPO031 [0.966 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO031  
About • paper received ※ 17 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO032 First Test Results of Superconducting Twin Axis Cavity for ERL Applications cavity, HOM, linac, niobium 398
 
  • H. Park, S.U. De Silva, J.R. Delayen
    ODU, Norfolk, Virginia, USA
  • A. Hutton, F. Marhauser, H. Park
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
 
  Superconducting cavities with two beam pipes had been proposed in the past for energy recovery linac applications. The relatively complex geometry of those cavities presented a serious challenge for fabrication and surface processing. Main concerns have now been overcome with the production and successful RF testing of a new elliptical twin-axis cavity proposed by Jefferson Lab and optimized by the Center for Accelerator Science at Old Dominion University in the frame of a DoE accelerator stewardship program. The cavity design provides uniform accelerating or decelerating fields for both beams. This paper describes the cavity design, fabrication experience, and the first cold RF test results and explores potential applications especially for Jefferson Lab s EIC (JLEIC).  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO032  
About • paper received ※ 20 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO035 Determination of the Field-dependence of the Surface Resistance of Superconductors from Cavity Tests cavity, experiment, electromagnetic-fields, superconducting-cavity 405
 
  • J.R. Delayen, S.U. De Silva, H. Park
    ODU, Norfolk, Virginia, USA
 
  Cryogenic tests of superconducting cavities yield an average surface resistance as a function of the peak surface magnetic field. An analytical formalism has been developed to extract the actual field dependence of the surface resistance from cavity tests and is applied to coaxial cavities and cavities of more complex geometries.  
slides icon Slides TUPO035 [0.524 MB]  
poster icon Poster TUPO035 [1.002 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO035  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO036 Vertical Test Results of Plasma In-situ Cleaning on Low Beta HWR Cavity plasma, cavity, electron, experiment 408
 
  • A.D. Wu, H. Guo, Y. He, C.F. Hu, S.C. Huang, C.L. Li, Y.M. Li, X. Liu, F. Pan, Y.K. Song, P.R. Xiong, L. Yang, W.M. Yue, C. Zhang, S.H. Zhang, H.W. Zhao
    IMP/CAS, Lanzhou, People’s Republic of China
 
  Field emission occurred in SRF cavity is the major limitation to operate at high gradient with stability. The plasma in-situ cleaning for the low beta HWR cavity was carried out to remove the hydrocarbons contaminants on the inner cavity surface. And the vertical test results indicated that the field emission effect was relieved with the increasing of the quench point and emission set-on point. Thus, oxygen active plasma processing can be an effective method to solve the field emission issues for the low beta HWR cavity.  
slides icon Slides TUPO036 [1.281 MB]  
poster icon Poster TUPO036 [0.672 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO036  
About • paper received ※ 11 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO038 Several Experimental Phenomena of Sn Nucleation on Nb Surface Observed at IMP cavity, experiment, niobium, HOM 412
 
  • Z.Q. Yang, Y. He, F. Pan
    IMP/CAS, Lanzhou, People’s Republic of China
 
  Nucleation process is an important step that affects the quality of Nb3Sn films coated by vapor diffusion method. A uniform distribution of nucleation centers is essential to the uniformity of Nb3Sn films. In this paper we report several experimental phenomena on the Sn nucleation on Nb surface. Better nucleation in the downstream of the pumping direction was observed. Influence of SnCl2 partial pressure inhomogeneity was studied. Samples with higher SnCl2 partial pressure have denser nucleation, which means homogeneous SnCl2 pressure is a critical factor to the uniform nucleation. Less-nuclear zones, mainly distributed at cracks, grain boundaries and even some whole grain surfaces, were found on the surfaces of all samples. The less-nuclear zones may result in the low tin regions of the Nb3Sn cavities. The specific solution to the less-nuclear problem was proposed. These studies help to better understanding of the mechanism underlying the nucleation process and will be useful foundation for the follow-up Nb3Sn/Nb project at IMP.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO038  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO042 RF Results of Nb Coated SRF Accelerator Cavities via HiPIMS cavity, site, superconductivity, niobium 427
 
  • M.C. Burton, A.D. Palczewski, H.L. Phillips, C.E. Reece, A-M. Valente-Feliciano
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
  • R.A. Lukaszew
    The College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Nuclear Physics under contract DE-AC05-06OR23177.
Bulk Niobium (Nb) SRF (superconducting radio frequency) cavities are currently the preferred method for acceleration of charged particles at accelerator facilities around the world. Since the SRF phenomena occurs within a shallow depth of 40 nm (for Nb), a proposed option has been to deposit a superconducting Nb thin film on the interior of a cavity made of a suitable alternative material such as copper or aluminum. While this approach has been attempted in the past using DC magnetron sputtering (DCMS), such cavities have never performed at the bulk Nb level. However, new energetic condensation techniques for film deposition offer the opportunity to create suitably thick Nb films with improved density, microstructure and adhesion compared to traditional DCMS. One such technique that has been developed somewhat recently is ’High Power Impulse Magnetron Sputtering’ (HiPIMS). Here we report early results from various thin film coatings carried out on 1.3 GHz Cu Cavities, a 1.5 GHz Nb cavity and small Cu coupon samples coated at Jefferson Lab using HiPIMS.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO042  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO043 New Progress with HF-free Chemical Finishing for Nb SRF Cavities cavity, niobium, controls, ECR 431
 
  • H. Tian, J. Carroll, C.E. Reece, B. Straka
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
  • T.D. Hall, M.E. Inman, R. Radhakrishnan, E.J. Taylor
    Faraday Technology, Inc., Clayton, Ohio, USA
 
  Funding: This material is based upon work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Nuclear Physics under contract DE-AC05-06OR23177.
Jefferson Lab has implemented a bipolar pulsed electropolishing system for final chemical processing of niobium SRF cavities. This FARADAYIC bi-polar electropolishing (BPEP) has been applied to single cells, a 7-cell CEBAF C100 cavity, and to 9-cell TESLA-style cavities.* As a mechanistic characterization of the process emerges, the critical role played by the local current density during each cathodic pulse is becoming clear. This influences system and operational parameter refinement. We present current process parameters, removal characterization, and rf performance of the processed cavities. This is the fruit of collaborative work between Jefferson Lab and Faraday Technology, Inc. directed toward the routine commercialization and industrialization of niobium cavity processing. We also present supporting data from controlled-parameter coupon studies
* E.J. Taylor, et al. "Electrochemical system and method for electropolishing superconductive radio frequency cavities" U.S. Pat. No. 9,006, 147 (& international counterparts) issued April 14, 2015.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO043  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO050 Construction of Thin-film Coating System Toward the Realization of Superconducting Multilayered Structure cathode, cavity, experiment, site 445
 
  • R. Ito, T. Nagata
    ULVAC, Inc, Chiba, Japan
  • H. Hayano, T. Kubo, T. Saeki
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • H. Ito
    Sokendai, Ibaraki, Japan
  • Y. Iwashita, R. Katayama
    Kyoto ICR, Uji, Kyoto, Japan
  • H. Oikawa
    Utsunomiya University, Utsunomiya, Japan
 
  Although S-I-S (superconductor-insulator-superconductor) multilayered structure is expected to increase the maximum acceleration gradient of SRF cavities, in order for it to function in reality, it is necessary to develop a coating processing that can realize high purity and quality superconducting thin-films. We launched the co-sputtering system to create superconducting alloy thin-films such as Nb3Sn and to research how the characteristics of them change depending on the coating conditions. The deposition rate of two elements was optimized by adjusting each input power, so we successfully obtained an alloy thin-film having appropriate composition ratio. In addition, we developed another experimental equipment for coating on the inner surface of the 3GHz TESLA type small cavities. A cylindrical shape Nb in which some permanent magnets are inserted was adopted as the sputtering target. Glow discharge of the target was confirmed, and the inner-sputtering test was conducted. This presentation reports the specifications of the two sputtering apparatuses and the results of the coating test.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO050  
About • paper received ※ 18 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO054 Fundamental Studies of Impurity Doping in 1.3 GHz and Higher Frequency SRF Cavities cavity, niobium, radio-frequency, electron 458
 
  • J.T. Maniscalco, P.N. Koufalis, M. Liepe
    Cornell University (CLASSE), Cornell Laboratory for Accelerator-Based Sciences and Education, Ithaca, New York, USA
 
  As the demand for more powerful, more efficient, and smaller superconducting RF accelerators continues to increase, both impurity doping and high-frequency cavities (> 1.3 GHz) have become hot topics for fundamental research because of their potential to significantly decrease surface losses and cost respectively. In this report, we present recent experimental and theoretical results on undoped and nitrogen-doped high-frequency cavities and on alternative doping agents in traditional 1.3 GHz cavities, with a focus on understanding the fundamental science of impurity doping.  
slides icon Slides TUPO054 [1.956 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO054  
About • paper received ※ 16 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO055 Next Generation Nb3Sn SRF Cavities for Linear Accelerators cavity, operation, linac, site 462
 
  • R.D. Porter, D.L. Hall, M. Liepe, J.T. Maniscalco
    Cornell University (CLASSE), Cornell Laboratory for Accelerator-Based Sciences and Education, Ithaca, New York, USA
  • T. Arias, P. Cueva, D.A. Muller, N. Sitaraman
    Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
 
  Niobium-3 Tin (Nb3Sn) is a very promising alternative material for SRF accelerator cavities. The material can achieve higher quality factors, higher temperature operation and potentially higher accelerating gradients (~ 96 MV/m) compared to conventional niobium. This material is formed by vaporizing Sn in a high temperature vacuum furnace and letting the Sn absorb into a Nb substrate to form a 2-3 um Nb3Sn layer. Current Nb3Sn cavities produced at Cornell achieve Q ~ 1010 at 4.2 K and 17 MV/m. Here we present a summary of the current performance of Nb3Sn cavities at Cornell and recent progress in improving the accelerating gradient.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO055  
About • paper received ※ 20 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO057 Low-temperature Baking and Infusion Studies for High-gradient ILC SRF Cavities cavity, collider, GUI, linear-collider 466
 
  • M. Ge, P.N. Koufalis, G. Kulina, M. Liepe, J.T. Maniscalco
    Cornell University (CLASSE), Cornell Laboratory for Accelerator-Based Sciences and Education, Ithaca, New York, USA
 
  Low-temperature infusion has become a hot-topic in SRF researches recently. Past results show that low-temperature infusion can produce high quality factor at medium accelerating fields. Also, 75°C baking recently has been shown to improve accelerating gradients of SRF cavities. Hence these treatments are very promising for reducing cost of the ILC. In this work, we present latest results of low temperature infusion and baking, showing that these treatments can improve SRF cavities performance.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO057  
About • paper received ※ 19 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO058 Cool Down Studies for the LCLS-II Project cavity, network, resonance, linac 470
 
  • M. Ge, M. Liepe
    Cornell University (CLASSE), Cornell Laboratory for Accelerator-Based Sciences and Education, Ithaca, New York, USA
  • D. Gonnella
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  • J. Sears
    Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
 
  The quality factor of the nitrogen-doped SRF cavities for the LCLS-II project are strongly impacted by cool down speed. A sufficiently fast cool down speed can produce large thermal gradient across a cavity and sufficiently expel magnetic flux when the cavity wall passes from the normal-conducting to the superconducting state. However, instrumentation in LCLS-II production cryomodules has been kept at a minimum, and additional information during the cool down of the modules is therefore desirable. In this work, we study if and how RF data can be used during cavity cool-down to determine the transition speeds of the individual cavities in the LCLS-II linac.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO058  
About • paper received ※ 19 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO059 Latest Results of Salt Based Bipolar Electro-polishing R&D at Cornell cavity, niobium, cathode, radio-frequency 473
 
  • M. Ge, F. Furuta, T. Gruber, J.J. Kaufman, M. Liepe, R.D. Porter
    Cornell University (CLASSE), Cornell Laboratory for Accelerator-Based Sciences and Education, Ithaca, New York, USA
  • T.D. Hall, R. Radhakrishnan, S.T. Snyder, E.J. Taylor
    Faraday Technology, Inc., Clayton, Ohio, USA
 
  Acid free electropolishing would be safer to use and friendlier to the environment. A collaboration, sup-ported by the DOE SBIR Phase-II program, between Faraday Technology Inc. and Cornell University focused on salt-based bipolar electropolishing (BEP). In this paper, we present the latest salt-based BEP results. The superconducting performance of a single-cell 1.3GHz cavity has been carefully analyzed, showing that salt-based BEP is promising, but still has large room for improvement.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO059  
About • paper received ※ 19 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO064 Pre-study of CEPC SRF Cavity cavity, cryomodule, collider, niobium 476
 
  • P. Sha
    Institute of High Energy Physics (IHEP), Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
  • J. Dai, C. Dong, H.F.S. Feisi, S. Jin, Z.Q. Li, B.Q. Liu, Z.H. Mi, J.Y. Zhai, X.Y. Zhang, H.J. Zheng
    IHEP, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
  • J.K. Hao, F. Wang
    PKU, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  Funding: This study was supported by National Key Programme for S&T Research and Development (Grant NO.: 2016YFA0400400) and National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant NO.:11505197).
CEPC will use 650 MHz cavities for the collider and 1.3 GHz cavities for the Booster. Each booster cryomod-ule contains eight 1.3 GHz 9-cell cavities, which is simi-lar as LCLS-II, E-XFEL and ILC. Each collider cryo-module contains six 650 MHz 2-cell cavities, which is totally new. Therefore, the pre-study mainly focuses on the 650 MHz 2-cell cavity. N-doping and vertical tests of 650 MHz 1-cell and 2-cell cavities have been carried out at IHEP, which have achieved good results. A test cryomodule, which consists of two 650 MHz 2-cell cavities, has also begun as the first step to the full-scale cryomodule.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO064  
About • paper received ※ 31 August 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO065 Improvement of Cavity Performance by Nitrogen Doping at KEK cavity, ECR, solenoid, accelerating-gradient 480
 
  • T. Okada, Y. Hori, E. Kako, T. Konomi, H. Sakai, K. Umemori, Y. Yamamoto
    Sokendai, Ibaraki, Japan
  • T. Dohmae, Y. Hori, E. Kako, T. Konomi, T. Saeki, T. Saeki, H. Sakai, K. Umemori, Y. Yamamoto
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • J. Kamiya
    JAEA/J-PARC, Tokai-mura, Japan
  • S. Kurosawa, K. Takeishi
    JAEA, Ibaraki-ken, Japan
 
  Nitrogen doping experiments in single-cell and 3-cell niobium cavities were carried out at KEK. After annealing at 800 deg C for 3 hours, pure nitrogen gas with a pressure of 3 Pa for 20 minutes and 3 minutes were introduced for doping in a furnace in J-PARC, respectively. Removing surface in 5 um and 20 um by electropolishing were performed prior to the vertical tests, respectively. Increases of a quality factor at 2K and reduction of the BCS resistance with respect to an accelerating gradient were observed in both cavities.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO065  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO066 Lower Critical Field Measurement of Thin Film Superconductor solenoid, controls, experiment, embedded 484
 
  • H. Ito
    Sokendai, Ibaraki, Japan
  • C.Z. Antoine
    CEA/IRFU, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • A. Four
    CEA/DRF/IRFU, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • H. Hayano, T. Kubo, T. Saeki
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • R. Ito, T. Nagata
    ULVAC, Inc, Chiba, Japan
  • Y. Iwashita, R. Katayama, H. Tongu
    Kyoto ICR, Uji, Kyoto, Japan
  • H. Oikawa
    Utsunomiya University, Utsunomiya, Japan
 
  Funding: The work is supported by Japan Society for the Promotion of Science Grant-in-Aid for Young Scientist (A) No.17H04839.
Superconducting thin film is the promising technology to increase the performance of SRF cavities. The lower critical field Hc1, which is one of the important physical parameters characterizing a superconducting material, will be enhanced by coating Nb with thin film superconductor such as NbN. To investigate the Hc1, we developed the Hc1 measurement system using the third harmonic response of applied AC magnetic field. The measurement system consists of helium cryostat with two of GM refrigerators, sample Cu stage, solenoid coil Cu mount, solenoid coil, temperature sensors, and liquid helium level meter. AC magnetic field is produced by a coil which is driven by function generator and power amplifier at around 1 kHz. In order to control the temperature of the sample, we installed heaters and thermal anchors which could be moved by the motor. By this temperature control the sample state can be easily transferred from Meissner state to mixed state. So that the measurement is repeated for various applied magnetic field, and the transition curve can be made. In this report, measurement result of the bulk Nb sample and NbN-SiO2 multilayer thin film sample will be discussed.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO066  
About • paper received ※ 19 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO068 Vertical Electropolishing of 1.3 GHz Niobium Nine-cell SRF Cavity: Bulk Removal and RF Performance cavity, cathode, niobium, target 491
 
  • V. Chouhan, Y.I. Ida, K.N. Nii, T.Y. Yamaguchi
    MGH, Hyogo-ken, Japan
  • H. Hayano, S. Kato, H. Monjushiro, T. Saeki, M. Sawabe
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • H. Ito
    Sokendai, Ibaraki, Japan
  • H. Oikawa
    Utsunomiya University, Utsunomiya, Japan
 
  Vertical electropolishing (VEP) technique have been successfully developed for 1.3 GHz niobium (Nb) single cell cavity to achieve a smooth surface with uniform removal and better RF performance as achieved after horizontal EP (HEP) process. VEP parameters for 1.3 GHz Nb nine-cell cavities are being studied using a nine-cell coupon cavity and our unique Ninja cathode. The investigated VEP parameters heretofore were applied on a 1.3 GHz Tesla shape nine-cell superconducting RF cavity for bulk removal of 100 µm followed by fine removal of 20 and 10 µm. The interior surface was found to be smooth and shiny after the VEP process. Our recently developed dual flow technique, in which the EP acid is flown separately in the Ninja cathode housing and cavity, yielded lower asymmetry in removal along the cavity length. The cavity was tested in a vertical cryostat after the final VEP process. The cavity achieved 28.3 MV/m at Q0 value of 6.7x109. The cavity performance was almost the same as in the baseline vertical test performed after the HEP process.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO068  
About • paper received ※ 13 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO070 Design and Commissioning of KEK New Vacuum Furnace for SRF Cavity Development cavity, vacuum, injection, MMI 496
 
  • K. Umemori, M. Egi, E. Kako, T. Konomi, S. Michizono, H. Sakai
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  Recently new techniques such as Nitrogen-doping and Nitrogen-infusion have been developed to improve performance of SRF (Superconducting RF) cavities. We purchased a new vacuum furnace, which is key to realize these techniques. Cleanness of the furnace is most important issue. The furnace has a cryo-pump and whole of vacuum system is oil-free system. Target vacuum level after cooling down is 1x10-6 Pa. Heater, reflectors and support table were made from Molybdenum to avoid contamination during heat treatment. Metal gaskets are used for all vacuum seals, except big doors. Maximum operation temperature is 1150 degree C. Size is around 1 m diameter and 2m long for a 1.3 GHz 9-cell cavity. Entrance of furnace is covered by a clean booth. The furnace was fabricated, assembled at KEK COI building and commissioned this year. After several burning runs, target vacuum pressure was achieved after cooling down to room temperature. Design of the furnace and performance during commissioning runs are presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO070  
About • paper received ※ 19 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO071 Study on Nitrogen Infusion for 1.3 GHz SRF Cavities Using J-PARC Furnace cavity, injection, background, vacuum 499
 
  • K. Umemori, T. Dohmae, M. Egi, Y. Hori, E. Kako, T. Konomi, S. Michizono, T. Saeki, H. Sakai, Y. Yamamoto
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • J. Kamiya
    JAEA/J-PARC, Tokai-mura, Japan
  • S. Kurosawa, K. Takeishi
    JAEA, Ibaraki-ken, Japan
  • T. Okada
    Sokendai, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  Nitrogen infusion (N-infusion) is new surface treatment technique for niobium SRF (Superconducting RF) cavities. After cooling down from 800 degree C heat treatment, a vacuum furnace and cavities are kept 120 degree C, 48 hours with about 3 Pa Nitrogen. Improvement of Q-value and accelerating gradient is expected. We used J-PARC furnace, since N-infusion procedure requires clean vacuum furnace. It has a cryo-pump and turbo molecular pumps and its vacuum system is oil-free system. Six times of N-infusion tests were carried out, while changing vacuum condition, N-infusion temperature, Nitrogen pressure, niobium material and so on. Niobium caps were mounted on cavities to avoid contaminations on inner surfaces. Some of trials were successful and vertical test results showed improvement of Q-values and accelerating gradient. However, some of them were not. Most of bad cases showed degradation of Q-values above 5 MV/m. Details of heat treatment procedure including N-infusion and vertical test results are shown in this presentation.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO071  
About • paper received ※ 20 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO072 First Trial of the In-situ Nitrogen Infusion at KEK cavity, vacuum, controls, niobium 503
 
  • T. Konomi, T. Dohmae, E. Kako, S. Michizono, H. Sakai, K. Umemori
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • T. Okada
    Sokendai, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  The nitrogen infusion is the new surface treatment technique for improving the RF loss and the maximum accelerating gradient of superconducting cavity. In this process, it is important to be carried out continuously both the 800 C annealing in vacuum and 120 C nitrogen infusion without exposure to the atmosphere. The annealing serves activation process by removing the oxide layer. The in-situ nitrogen infusion system was prepared to investigate whether nitrogen infusion effect or something changes happen in the case of applying nitrogen infusion technique without removing the oxide layer. It can only introduce nitrogen into a cavity during 120 C low temperature baking and transport a cavity to the vertical test system without exposure to the atmosphere. We tried to infuse nitrogen to a single cell by keeping 120 C and 48 hours with 3 Pa nitrogen. The cavity was annealed in another furnace and applied high pressure rinsing before nitrogen infusion. The vertical test result was same Q as the normal 120 C baking without nitrogen. It suggests that oxide layer prevents infusion of nitrogen. In this poster, the in-situ nitrogen infusion system and vertical test results will be reported.  
poster icon Poster TUPO072 [4.653 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO072  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO074 Design and Fabrication of KEK Superconducting RF Gun #2 cathode, gun, cavity, niobium 510
 
  • T. Konomi, Y. Honda, E. Kako, Y. Kobayashi, S. Michizono, T. Miyajima, H. Sakai, K. Umemori, S. Yamaguchi, M. Yamamoto
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  Superconducting RF gun can realize high acceleration voltage and high beam repetition. KEK has been developing the 1.3 GHz elliptical type 1.5 cell superconducting RF gun to investigate fundamental performance. A surface cleaning method and tools are developed by using KEK SRFGUN #1 and high surface peak gradient 75 MV/m was achieved without field emission. SRFGUN #2 which equips the helium jacket and can be operated with electron beam was designed based on the SRFGUN #1. It can be operated with transmit type photocathode which include superconducting transparent material. The cathode plug is cooled by thermal conducting from the 2 K helium jacket and photocathode will be kept around 2K to maintain superconductivity. Bulk niobium photocathode plug and substrate will used for the fundamental performance test. In parallel, the photocathode deposition chamber for multi-alkali photocathode will be prepared.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO074  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TUPO076 An Innovative Nb3Sn Film Approach and Its Potential for SRF Applications cavity, site, cathode, accelerating-gradient 513
 
  • E.Z. Barzi, D. Turrioni, C. Ciaccia
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
  • G.V. Eremeev, R.L. Geng, R.A. Rimmer, A-M. Valente-Feliciano
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
  • S. Falletta
    Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy
  • H. Hayano, T. Saeki
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • H. Ito
    Sokendai, Ibaraki, Japan
  • A. Kikuchi
    NIMS, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  Funding: Work supported by U.S. DOE contract No. DE-AC02-07CH11359
A novel electro-chemical technique to produce Nb3Sn films on Nb substrates was developed and optimized at Fermilab. The Nb3Sn phase is obtained in a two-electrode cell, by electrodeposition from aqueous solutions of Sn layers and Cu intermediate layers onto Nb substrates. Subsequent thermal treatments in inert atmosphere are realized at a maximum temperature of 700°C to obtain the Nb3Sn superconducting phase. Several superconduct-ing Nb3Sn films were obtained on Nb substrates by study-ing and optimizing most parameters of the electro-plating process. Samples were characterized at Fermilab, NIMS, KEK and JLAB, including EPMA analyses, DC and in-ductive tests of critical temperature Tc0, and lower critical field Hc1(4.2 K) by SQUID. In parallel to sample devel-opment and fabrication at FNAL, at JLAB and KEK effort was put into etching and electro-polishing techniques adequate to remove the Cu and bronze phases from the samples’ outer surface. This is necessary prior to meas-urements at JLAB of the surface impedance of flat sam-ples in a setup that make use of an RF host cavity.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TUPO076  
About • paper received ※ 21 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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TH2A01 Nitrogen Infusion R&D for CW Operation at DESY cavity, FEL, operation, niobium 652
 
  • M. Wenskat, A.D. Dangwal Pandey, B. Foster, T.F. Keller, D. Reschke, J. Schaffran, S. Sievers, N. Walker, H. Weise
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  • C. Bate, G.D.L. Semione, A. Stierle
    University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany
  • B. Foster
    University of Hamburg, Institut für Experimentalphysik, Hamburg, Germany
  • B. Foster
    Oxford University, Physics Department, Oxford, Oxon, United Kingdom
 
  The European XFEL cw upgrade requires cavities with reduced surface resistance (high Q-values) for high duty-cycle while maintaining high accelerating gradient for short-pulse operation. To improve on European XFEL performance, a recently discovered treatment is investigated: The so called Nitrogen-infusion. The recent test results of the cavity based R&D and the progress of the relevant infrastructure is presented. The aim of this approach is to establish a stable, reproducible recipe and to identify all key parameters for this process. In parallel, advanced surface analyses, such as SEM/EDX, TEM, XPS, XRR, GIXRD and TOF-SIMS, of samples after in-situ treatment, cut-outs of cavities and samples treated together with cavities are done. The aim of this approach is to understand the underlying processes of the material evolution, resulting in the improved performance. Results of these analyses, their implications for the cavity R&D, and next steps are presented.  
slides icon Slides TH2A01 [4.597 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-TH2A01  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO006 Status of 650 MHz SRF Cavity for eRHIC SRF Linac cavity, HOM, linac, collider 688
 
  • W. Xu, I. Ben-Zvi, Y. Gao, D. Holmes, P. Kolb, G.T. McIntyre, R. Porqueddu, K.S. Smith, F.J. Willeke, Q. Wu, A. Zaltsman
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
 
  Funding: This work is supported by LDRD program of Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC under Contract No. DE-AC02-98CH10886 with the U.S. DOE.
A 5-cell 650 MHz SRF cavity was designed for eRHIC SRF linac. One Cu cavity was fabricated for HOM damping study, and one Nb cavity was fabricated for SRF studies. Through various post-processing recipes and vertical tests, the SRF study includes high Q-value study for ERL SRF linac and high gradient study for recirculating linac. This paper reports the HOM damping measurement on the Cu cavity and preliminary vertical test results.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO006  
About • paper received ※ 22 August 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO020 Dynamic Behavior of Electron Beam under Rf Field and Static Magnetic Field in Cyclotron Auto-resonance Accelerator electron, GUI, resonance, acceleration 725
 
  • Y.T. Yuan
    HUST, Wuhan, People’s Republic of China
  • K. Fan
    Huazhong University of Science and Technology, State Key Laboratory of Advanced Electromagnetic Engineering and Technology,, Hubei, People’s Republic of China
  • Y. Jiang
    Yale University, Beam Physics Laboratory, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
 
  Funding: the National Natural Science Foundation of China
The cyclotron auto-resonance accelerator (CARA) is a novel concept of accelerating continuous gyrating charged-particle beams to moderately or highly relativistic energies, which can be used as the high power microwave source and applied in environment improvement area, particularly in the flue gas pollution remediation. In CARA, the continuous-wave (CW) electron beam follows a gyrating trajectory while undergoing the interaction with the rotating TE-mode rf field and tapered static magnetic field. In the process of gyrating acceleration, the phase synchronization with the rf field is automatically maintained, so to speak, with auto-resonance. Simulation models are constructed to study the effect of rf field and static magnetic field on electron beam in CARA, where the beam energy, trajectory and velocity component are analysed. The simulation results match reasonably well with theoretical predication, which sets up a solid foundation for future designs of CARA.
 
poster icon Poster THPO020 [1.448 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO020  
About • paper received ※ 11 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO066 First High Power Test of the ESS High Beta Elliptical Cavity cavity, linac, accelerating-gradient, superconductivity 841
 
  • H. Li, L. Hermansson, M. Jobs, R.J.M.Y. Ruber, R. Santiago Kern
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
  • G. Devanz, T. Hamelin
    CEA/DSM/IRFU, France
 
  ESS, the European Spallation Source, will adopt elliptical multi-cell superconducting cavities with a beta value of 0.86 to accelerate the proton beam up to 2 GeV at the last section of the linac. A 5-cell high-beta cavity for ESS project was tested with high power at FREIA Laboratory. A pulse mode test stand based on a self-excited loop was used in this test. The qualification of the cavity package involved a 5-cell elliptical cavity, a fundamental power coupler, a cold tuning system, LLRF system and a RF station. These tests represented an important verification before the series production. This paper presents the test configuration, RF conditioning history, first high power performance and experience of this cavity package.  
slides icon Slides THPO066 [1.437 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO066  
About • paper received ※ 14 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO068 AN Effect of Field Emission on Low Beta Superconducting Cavities pick-up, cavity, linac, electron 849
 
  • X. Liu, Z. Gao, Y. He, G. Huang
    IMP/CAS, Lanzhou, People’s Republic of China
 
  Superconducting RF (SRF) technology is widely ap-plied in particle accelerators to shorten the accelerator length and lower the construction price due to its high acceleration gradients with low rf losses. Field emission is the chief limitation associated with the surface electric field which will finally determine the cavity performance during the operation. The pickup-drop signal caused by field emission seriously affect the stable operation of the superconducting linac in the Chinese initiative Accelera-tor-Driven Sub-critical System (CiADS) demon facility. Simulations of the field emission effect and experimental measurements of the pickup-drop signal have been per-formed on the half wavelength resonator (HWR) cavity. And a modified design of the pickup antenna will be discussed to solve the pickup-drop problem.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO068  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO069 The Electromagnetic Optimization of TE-sample Host Cavity at IMP cavity, niobium, linac, electron 852
 
  • S.C. Huang, Y. He, T. Tan, S.X. Zhang
    IMP/CAS, Lanzhou, People’s Republic of China
 
  As a part of the research and development work of thin-film materials for superconducting radio frequency(SRF) application in future accelerators at IMP, a 3.9GHz TE sample host cavity is being developed for the purpose of characterizing the RF Property and the loss mechanism of thin-film materials, which operates in the TE011 mode and accommodates disk sample with 110mm diameter, theoretically, the maximum magnetic field on sample surface will go up to 100mT, the resolution of surface resistance on sample will below nOhm by using thermometry technique( T-Mapping). In this paper, the electromagnetic optimization result of TE-sample host cavity will be presented, and the design consideration of hook tip style coupler and T-mapping system are also discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO069  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO073 RF Commissioning of the Superconducting 217 MHz CH Cavity for Heavy Ions and First Beam Operation cavity, linac, heavy-ion, MMI 859
 
  • F.D. Dziuba, K. Aulenbacher, W.A. Barth, V. Gettmann, T. Kürzeder, M. Miski-Oglu
    HIM, Mainz, Germany
  • K. Aulenbacher
    IKP, Mainz, Germany
  • W.A. Barth, M. Heilmann, J. Salvatore, A. Schnase, S. Yaramyshev
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  • M. Basten, M. Busch, H. Podlech, M. Schwarz
    IAP, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
 
  Future research programs at GSI in the field super heavy element (SHE) synthesis require high intense heavy ion beams above the coulomb barrier and high average particle currents. The upcoming demands exceed the technical opportunities of the existing UNIversal Linear ACcelerator (UNILAC). Consequently, a new dedicated superconducting (sc) continuous wave (cw) linac is crucial to keep the SHE research program at GSI competitive on a high level. Recently the first linac section, serving as a prototype to demonstrate the reliable operability of 217 MHz multi gap crossbar-H-mode (CH) cavities under a realistic accelerator environment, has been extensively tested with a heavy ion beam delivered from the GSI High Charge State Injector (HLI). Fulfilling its role as a key component of the whole demonstrator setup. The first sc 217 MHz CH cavity (CH0) successfully accelerated heavy ions up to the design beam energy and even beyond at high beam intensities and full transmission. In this contribution the rf commissioning and the first beam operation of the cavity is presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO073  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO076 Multiphysics Design Studies of a Superconducting Quarter-wave Resonator at Peking University cavity, multipactoring, simulation, heavy-ion 863
 
  • M. Chen, S. Chen, A.Q. Cheng, W. Cheng, J.K. Hao, S.W. Quan, F. Zhu
    PKU, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
 
  Funding: This work is supported by National Basic Research Program (2014CB845504)
A 81.25MHz, geometric β=0.046 quarter-wave resonator has been designed and analysed at Peking University. This paper mainly presents the multi-physics studies of this cavity, include electromagnetic design, mechanical analysis and multipacting simulation, to predict its behaviour under practical operating process. Various transverse vibration modes of inner conductor were found under different fixed conditions and an asymmetric shorting plate was adopted to avoid high possibility of multipacting
"quarter-wave resonator"
"multiphysics"
"multipacting"
"frequency detuning"
"stiffening design"
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO076  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO092 LCLSII Fundamental Power Coupler Manufacturing Status and Lesson Learned FEL, status, factory, operation 893
 
  • S. Sierra, G. Garcin, Ch.L. Lievin, G. Vignette, I. Yao Leclerc
    TED, Velizy-Villacoublay, France
  • M. Knaak, M. Pekeler
    RI Research Instruments GmbH, Bergisch Gladbach, Germany
 
  Thales and RI Research Instrument have manufactured and assembled half of the power couplers for the LCLSII project. This paper remains main characteristics of these coupler. It will also describe main challenges that were overcome among them, thickness of copper coating on Warm Internal Conductor at 150µm and lessons learned during the manufacturing phase of these couplers. The paper will also propose some possible optimization for a future mass production of such components and parameters which could be relevant for a better understanding link to the statistic results obtained.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO092  
About • paper received ※ 10 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO100 Development of a 1.5 GHz High-power CW Magnetron for SRF Accelerator cavity, simulation, electron, coupling 908
 
  • L. Wenliang
    College of Engineering and Applied Sciences for Nanjing University, Nanjing, People’s Republic of China
  • S. An, Y.J. Ke, S. Lingbin, Z. Pengjiao, L. Youchun, L. Zhao, B.Z. Zhou
    PLAI, Nanjing, People’s Republic of China
  • J.Z. Li, L.P. Zhang, Hou, R. Rui
    ADS, Jiangsu Province, People’s Republic of China
 
  An 1.5 GHz, 13.5 kW CW high-power magnetron for a superconducting RF accelerator has been developed by Andesun Technology Group Co., Ltd. with Nanjing Sanle Electronic Information Industry Group Co., Ltd., in order to replace the klystron, that could reduce the power source cost to about one-third. The cavity, output power antenna and coupling door-nob have been optimized by using CST Studio. Testing results have shown that the resonance frequency and output power have met the requirements, and the efficiency of the magnetron is higher that 78.45%.  
poster icon Poster THPO100 [0.574 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO100  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
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THPO125 Runing Status of SRF Gun II at the ELBE Radiation Center gun, cathode, laser, operation 952
 
  • R. Xiang, A. Arnold, P.N. Lu, P. Murcek, J.S. Schaber, J. Teichert, H. Vennekate, P.Z. Zwartek
    HZDR, Dresden, Germany
 
  Funding: The work is supported by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) grant 05K12CR1 and the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) grant XI106/2-1.
As a new electron source with higher brilliance, the second version of the superconducting RF photoinjector (SRF Gun II) has been successfully commissioned at the ELBE Center for High-Power Radiation Sources since 2014. SRF Gun II features an improved 3.5-cell niobium cavity as well as a superconducting solenoid in the same cryomodule. For user operation the SRF Gun II with Mg photocathode successfully generated stable beam with bunch charges up to 200 pC in CW mode, and with sub-ps bunch length. In this presentation the gun’s status and beam parameters will be presented.
 
poster icon Poster THPO125 [1.520 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-LINAC2018-THPO125  
About • paper received ※ 12 September 2018      issue date ※ 18 January 2019  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)